Valence Electrons in Cadmium (Cd)

Calculate the number of valence electrons in Cadmium using its electron configuration step by step.

Enter the atomic number or symbol of any element, and this calculator will calculate its valence electrons with steps.

Valence Electrons in Cadmium

Determine the number of valence electrons in Cadmium (Cd, Element 48)

Step 1: Look up the electronic configuration for Cadmium

The abbreviated (condensed) ground electronic configuration for Cadmium is:

[Kr] 4d10 5s2

Calculate Electronic Configuration for Cadmium

Step 2: Identify the outermost electrons using the electronic configuration

Electrons in atomic orbitals outside the [Kr] core are the outermost electrons:

4d10 5s2

Step 3: Use the principle quantum number to identify the valence electrons

Extract the principle quantum number, n, and number of electrons from the electron configuration:

Electron ConfigurationnOrbitalNumber of Electrons

The outermost electrons with the largest principal quantum number (in this case, n = 5) are valence electrons.


Cadmium (Cd) has 2 valence electron(s).

Lewis Dot for Cd