Valence Electrons in Palladium (Pd)

Calculate the number of valence electrons in Palladium using its electron configuration step by step.

Enter the atomic number or symbol of any element, and this calculator will calculate its valence electrons with steps.

Valence Electrons in Palladium

Determine the number of valence electrons in Palladium (Pd, Element 46)

Step 1: Look up the electronic configuration for Palladium

The abbreviated (condensed) ground electronic configuration for Palladium is:

[Kr] 4d10

Calculate Electronic Configuration for Palladium

Step 2: Identify the outermost electrons using the electronic configuration

Electrons in atomic orbitals outside the [Kr] core are the outermost electrons:


Step 3: Use the principle quantum number to identify the valence electrons

Extract the principle quantum number, n, and number of electrons from the electron configuration:

Electron ConfigurationnOrbitalNumber of Electrons

The outermost electrons with the largest principal quantum number (in this case, n = 4) are valence electrons.


Palladium (Pd) has 10 valence electron(s).

Lewis Dot for Pd