Valence Electrons in Rutherfordium (Rf)

Calculate the number of valence electrons in Rutherfordium using its electron configuration step by step.

Enter the atomic number or symbol of any element, and this calculator will calculate its valence electrons with steps.

Valence Electrons in Rutherfordium

Determine the number of valence electrons in Rutherfordium (Rf, Element 104)

Step 1: Look up the electronic configuration for Rutherfordium

The abbreviated (condensed) ground electronic configuration for Rutherfordium is:

[Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2

Calculate Electronic Configuration for Rutherfordium

Step 2: Identify the outermost electrons using the electronic configuration

Electrons in atomic orbitals outside the [Rn] core are the outermost electrons:

5f14 6d2 7s2

Step 3: Use the principle quantum number to identify the valence electrons

Extract the principle quantum number, n, and number of electrons from the electron configuration:

Electron ConfigurationnOrbitalNumber of Electrons

The outermost electrons with the largest principal quantum number (in this case, n = 7) are valence electrons.


Rutherfordium (Rf) has 2 valence electron(s).

Lewis Dot for Rf