Perak

Perak (Ag)

chemical element with symbol Ag and atomic number 47
Atomic Number47
Atomic Weight107.8682
Nombor jisim107
Group11
Period5
Blockd
proton47 p+
neutron60 n0
Elektron47 e-
Animated Model Bohr of Ag (Perak)

Sifat Fizikal

Jejari Atom
160 pm
molar volume
Jejari kovalen
128 pm
Metallic Radius
134 pm
ionic radius
67 pm
Crystal Radius
81 pm
Jejari van der Waals
211 pm
ketumpatan
10.5 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Perak0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmJejari AtomJejari KovalenMetallic RadiusJejari van der Waals

Sifat Kimia

tenaga
proton affinity
Pertalian elektron
ionization energy
7.576234 eV/particle
ionization energy of Ag (Perak)
Entalpi pengewapan
254.1 kJ/mol
entalpi pelakuran
11.95 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
284.9 kJ/mol
Elektron
Petala elektron2, 8, 18, 18, 1
Model Bohr: Ag (Perak)
Elektron valens1
Teori ion Lewis: Ag (Perak)
tatarajah elektron[Kr] 4d10 5s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s1
Enhanced Model Bohr of Ag (Perak)
Orbital Diagram of Ag (Perak)
Keadaan pengoksidaan-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3
Keelektronegatifan
1.93
Electrophilicity Index
1.5703717569100073 eV/particle
keadaan jirim asas
fasa jirimSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2,435.15 K
Melting Point
1,234.93 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
6,410.15 K
triple point
rupa
warna
Silver
rupalustrous white metal
indeks biasan
sifat bahan
Thermal Conductivity
Pengembangan terma
0.0000189 1/K
molar heat capacity
25.35 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.235 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Kekonduksian elektrik
62 MS/m
Kerintangan dan kekonduksian elektrik
0.000000016 m Ω
Kesuperkonduksian
kemagnetan
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0.00000000227 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0.000000000245 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0.0000238
magnetic ordering
Suhu Curie
Néel temperature
struktur
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
4.09 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
2.5 MPa
Modulus pukal
100 GPa
shear modulus
30 GPa
Young's modulus
83 GPa
Nisbah Poisson
0.37
Kelajuan bunyi
2,600 m/s
pengelasan
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIB
IUPAC GroupIB
Glawe Number67
Mendeleev Number72
Pettifor Number71
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
55 ± 8 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
63.6
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.02
Nombor kuantum2S1/2
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Silver

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes40
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition10751.84%10751.84%10948.16%10948.16%

92Ag

Nombor jisim92
nombor neutron45
jisim atom relatif
91.95971 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2016
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
p (proton emission)

93Ag

Nombor jisim93
nombor neutron46
jisim atom relatif
92.950188 ± 0.00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
228 ± 16 ns
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

94Ag

Nombor jisim94
nombor neutron47
jisim atom relatif
93.943744 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
27 ± 2 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.2%

95Ag

Nombor jisim95
nombor neutron48
jisim atom relatif
94.935688 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.78 ± 0.06 s
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.3%

96Ag

Nombor jisim96
nombor neutron49
jisim atom relatif
95.930743903 ± 0.000096708 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.45 ± 0.03 s
Spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1982
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)4.2%

97Ag

Nombor jisim97
nombor neutron50
jisim atom relatif
96.9238814 ± 0.0000129 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
25.5 ± 0.3 s
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1978
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

98Ag

Nombor jisim98
nombor neutron51
jisim atom relatif
97.92155997 ± 0.000035327 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
47.5 ± 0.3 s
Spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1978
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0012%

99Ag

Nombor jisim99
nombor neutron52
jisim atom relatif
98.917645766 ± 0.000006725 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.07 ± 0.05 m
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1967
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

100Ag

Nombor jisim100
nombor neutron53
jisim atom relatif
99.916115443 ± 0.000005367 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.01 ± 0.09 m
Spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1970
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

101Ag

Nombor jisim101
nombor neutron54
jisim atom relatif
100.912683951 ± 0.000005193 Da
g-factor
1.2486666666667 ± 0.0024444444444444
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
11.1 ± 0.3 m
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.35 ± 0.05
tarikh penemuan1966
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

102Ag

Nombor jisim102
nombor neutron55
jisim atom relatif
101.911704538 ± 0.000008771 Da
g-factor
0.92 ± 0.14
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
12.9 ± 0.3 m
Spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1960
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

103Ag

Nombor jisim103
nombor neutron56
jisim atom relatif
102.908960558 ± 0.0000044 Da
g-factor
1.2645714285714 ± 0.00057142857142857
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
65.7 ± 0.7 m
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.84 ± 0.09
tarikh penemuan1954
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

104Ag

Nombor jisim104
nombor neutron57
jisim atom relatif
103.908623715 ± 0.000004527 Da
g-factor
0.7828 ± 0.0006
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
69.2 ± 1 m
Spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
1.06 ± 0.11
tarikh penemuan1955
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

105Ag

Nombor jisim105
nombor neutron58
jisim atom relatif
104.906525604 ± 0.000004877 Da
g-factor
0.2026 ± 0.002
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
41.29 ± 0.07 d
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1939
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

106Ag

Nombor jisim106
nombor neutron59
jisim atom relatif
105.906663499 ± 0.000003237 Da
g-factor
2.8 ± 0.2
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
23.96 ± 0.04 m
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1937
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)

107Ag

Nombor jisim107
nombor neutron60
jisim atom relatif
106.905091509 ± 0.000002556 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
51.839 ± 0.008
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1924
parity-

108Ag

Nombor jisim108
nombor neutron61
jisim atom relatif
107.905950245 ± 0.000002563 Da
g-factor
2.6838 ± 0.0016
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.382 ± 0.011 m
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1937
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)97.15%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)2.85%

109Ag

Nombor jisim109
nombor neutron62
jisim atom relatif
108.904755778 ± 0.000001381 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
48.161 ± 0.008
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1924
parity-

110Ag

Nombor jisim110
nombor neutron63
jisim atom relatif
109.906110724 ± 0.00000138 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
24.56 ± 0.11 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.24 ± 0.12
tarikh penemuan1937
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
ϵ (electron capture)0.3%

111Ag

Nombor jisim111
nombor neutron64
jisim atom relatif
110.905296827 ± 0.000001565 Da
g-factor
-0.292 ± 0.004
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
7.433 ± 0.01 d
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1937
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

112Ag

Nombor jisim112
nombor neutron65
jisim atom relatif
111.907048548 ± 0.0000026 Da
g-factor
0.02735 ± 0.00025
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.13 ± 0.008 h
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1938
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

113Ag

Nombor jisim113
nombor neutron66
jisim atom relatif
112.906572865 ± 0.000017866 Da
g-factor
0.318 ± 0.004
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.37 ± 0.05 h
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1949
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

114Ag

Nombor jisim114
nombor neutron67
jisim atom relatif
113.908823029 ± 0.0000049 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.6 ± 0.1 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1958
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

115Ag

Nombor jisim115
nombor neutron68
jisim atom relatif
114.908767445 ± 0.000019611 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
20 ± 0.5 m
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1949
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

116Ag

Nombor jisim116
nombor neutron69
jisim atom relatif
115.911386809 ± 0.0000035 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.83 ± 0.08 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1958
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

117Ag

Nombor jisim117
nombor neutron70
jisim atom relatif
116.911774086 ± 0.00001457 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
73.6 ± 1.4 s
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1958
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

118Ag

Nombor jisim118
nombor neutron71
jisim atom relatif
117.914595484 ± 0.0000027 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.76 ± 0.15 s
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1967
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

119Ag

Nombor jisim119
nombor neutron72
jisim atom relatif
118.915570309 ± 0.000015783 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
6 ± 0.5 s
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1975
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

120Ag

Nombor jisim120
nombor neutron73
jisim atom relatif
119.918784765 ± 0.0000048 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.52 ± 0.07 s
Spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1971
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.003%

121Ag

Nombor jisim121
nombor neutron74
jisim atom relatif
120.920125279 ± 0.000013 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
777 ± 10 ms
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1982
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.08%

122Ag

Nombor jisim122
nombor neutron75
jisim atom relatif
121.923664446 ± 0.000041 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
529 ± 13 ms
Spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1978
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.186%

123Ag

Nombor jisim123
nombor neutron76
jisim atom relatif
122.92531506 ± 0.000035 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
294 ± 5 ms
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1976
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.56%

124Ag

Nombor jisim124
nombor neutron77
jisim atom relatif
123.928899227 ± 0.00027 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
177.9 ± 2.6 ms
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1984
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.3%

125Ag

Nombor jisim125
nombor neutron78
jisim atom relatif
124.930735 ± 0.000465 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
160 ± 5 ms
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)11.8%

126Ag

Nombor jisim126
nombor neutron79
jisim atom relatif
125.934814 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
52 ± 10 ms
Spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)13.7%

127Ag

Nombor jisim127
nombor neutron80
jisim atom relatif
126.937037 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
89 ± 2 ms
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1995
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)14.6%

128Ag

Nombor jisim128
nombor neutron81
jisim atom relatif
127.941266 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
60 ± 3 ms
Spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2000
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)20%
2n (2-neutron emission)

129Ag

Nombor jisim129
nombor neutron82
jisim atom relatif
128.944315 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
49.9 ± 3.5 ms
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2000
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)20%

130Ag

Nombor jisim130
nombor neutron83
jisim atom relatif
129.950727 ± 0.000455 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
40.6 ± 4.5 ms
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2000
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

131Ag

Nombor jisim131
nombor neutron84
jisim atom relatif
130.956253 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
35 ± 8 ms
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2013
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)10%

132Ag

Nombor jisim132
nombor neutron85
jisim atom relatif
131.96307 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
30 ± 14 ms
Spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2015
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

133Ag

Nombor jisim133
nombor neutron86
jisim atom relatif
132.968781 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Silver crystal

sejarah

penemu atau perekaKnown to the ancients.
tempat penemuan
tarikh penemuan
EtimologiAnglo-Saxon: siolful, (silver); symbol from Latin: argentium.
sebutanSIL-ver (Inggeris)

sumber

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0.075 mg/kg
natural abundance (lautan)
0.00004 mg/L
natural abundance (Tubuh manusia)
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0.000014 %
natural abundance (Matahari)
0.0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0.00000006 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.9577
2p4.0806
2s12.3658
3d14.4602
3p17.1914
3s16.9688
4d32.2372
4p28.4376
4s27.1352
5s40.2445