Алюминий

Алюминий (Al)

metallic chemical element of silvery appearance with symbol Al and atomic number 13
Atomic Number13
Atomic Weight26.9815385
Адади массавӣ27
Group13
Period3
Blockp
proton13 p+
neutron14 n0
electron13 e-
Animated Bohr model of Al (Алюминий)

Хусусияти Физикӣ

Atomic Radius
125 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
126 pm
Metallic Radius
125 pm
ionic radius
39 pm
Crystal Radius
53 pm
Van der Waals radius
184 pm
зичӣ
2,7 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Алюминий0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

энергия
proton affinity
electron affinity
0,43283 eV/particle
ionization energy
5,9857684 eV/particle
ionization energy of Al (Алюминий)
enthalpy of vaporization
284,1 kJ/mol
гармои гудозиш
10,75 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
330,9 kJ/mol
electron
Абри электронӣ2, 8, 3
Bohr model: Al (Алюминий)
valence electron3
Lewis structure: Al (Алюминий)
electron configuration[Ne] 3s2 3p1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1
Enhanced Bohr model of Al (Алюминий)
Orbital Diagram of Al (Алюминий)
oxidation number-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3
electronegativity
1.61
Electrophilicity Index
0,9274010094475963 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2 792,15 K
Melting Point
933,473 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
6 700,15 K
triple point
appearance
Ранг
Silver
appearancesilvery gray metallic
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000231 1/K
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
навъConductor
electrical conductivity
38 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,000000026 m Ω
superconductivity
1,175 K
magnetism
навъparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000078 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,00000000021 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0000211
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
сохт
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
4,05 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
2,75 MPa
bulk modulus
76 GPa
shear modulus
26 GPa
Young's modulus
70 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,35
speed of sound
5 100 m/s
classification
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIIIB
IUPAC GroupIIIA
Glawe Number78
Mendeleev Number82
Pettifor Number80
Geochemical Classmajor
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
57,8 ± 1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
528 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,233
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,03
ададҳои квантӣ2P1/2
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Aluminum

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes22
Natural Isotopes1

21Al

Адади массавӣ21
neutron number8
relative atomic mass
21,029082 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

22Al

Адади массавӣ22
neutron number9
relative atomic mass
22,01954 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
91,1 ± 0,5 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1982
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)55%
2p (2-proton emission)1.1%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.038%

23Al

Адади массавӣ23
neutron number10
relative atomic mass
23,007244351 ± 0,00000037 Da
g-factor
1,556 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
446 ± 6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.22%

24Al

Адади массавӣ24
neutron number11
relative atomic mass
23,999947598 ± 0,000000244 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,053 ± 0,004 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.035%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0016%

25Al

Адади массавӣ25
neutron number12
relative atomic mass
24,990428308 ± 0,000000069 Da
g-factor
1,45788 ± 0,00048
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,1666 ± 0,0023 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,24 ± 0,02
таърихи кашф1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

26Al

Адади массавӣ26
neutron number13
relative atomic mass
25,986891876 ± 0,000000071 Da
g-factor
0,5606 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
717 ± 24 ky
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,26 ± 0,03
таърихи кашф1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

27Al

Адади массавӣ27
neutron number14
relative atomic mass
26,981538408 ± 0,00000005 Da
g-factor
1,45628 ± 0,000008
natural abundance
100
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1466 ± 0,001
таърихи кашф1922
parity+

28Al

Адади массавӣ28
neutron number15
relative atomic mass
27,981910009 ± 0,000000052 Da
g-factor
1,0803333333333 ± 0,0016666666666667
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,245 ± 0,005 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,172 ± 0,012
таърихи кашф1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

29Al

Адади массавӣ29
neutron number16
relative atomic mass
28,980453164 ± 0,00000037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,56 ± 0,06 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

30Al

Адади массавӣ30
neutron number17
relative atomic mass
29,982969171 ± 0,000002077 Da
g-factor
1,004 ± 0,0023333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,62 ± 0,06 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

31Al

Адади массавӣ31
neutron number18
relative atomic mass
30,983949754 ± 0,0000024 Da
g-factor
1,5328 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
644 ± 25 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,134 ± 0,002
таърихи кашф1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.6%

32Al

Адади массавӣ32
neutron number19
relative atomic mass
31,988084338 ± 0,0000077 Da
g-factor
1,953 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
32,6 ± 0,5 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,0255 ± 0,0003
таърихи кашф1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.7%

33Al

Адади массавӣ33
neutron number20
relative atomic mass
32,990877685 ± 0,0000075 Da
g-factor
1,636 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
41,46 ± 0,09 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,141 ± 0,003
таърихи кашф1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8.5%

34Al

Адади массавӣ34
neutron number21
relative atomic mass
33,996781924 ± 0,000002259 Da
g-factor
0,53925 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
53,73 ± 0,13 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1977
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%
2n (2-neutron emission)

35Al

Адади массавӣ35
neutron number22
relative atomic mass
34,999759816 ± 0,0000079 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
38,16 ± 0,21 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)35.8%
2n (2-neutron emission)

36Al

Адади массавӣ36
neutron number23
relative atomic mass
36,006388 ± 0,0001605 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
90 ± 40 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1979
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)31%
2n (2-neutron emission)

37Al

Адади массавӣ37
neutron number24
relative atomic mass
37,010531 ± 0,0001935 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11,4 ± 0,3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)52%
2n (2-neutron emission)1%

38Al

Адади массавӣ38
neutron number25
relative atomic mass
38,017681 ± 0,000161 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9 ± 0,7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)84%
2n (2-neutron emission)

39Al

Адади массавӣ39
neutron number26
relative atomic mass
39,02307 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,6 ± 1,6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)97%
2n (2-neutron emission)

40Al

Адади массавӣ40
neutron number27
relative atomic mass
40,03094 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1996
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

41Al

Адади массавӣ41
neutron number28
relative atomic mass
41,037134 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

42Al

Адади массавӣ42
neutron number29
relative atomic mass
42,045078 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2007
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

43Al

Адади массавӣ43
neutron number30
relative atomic mass
43,05182 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2007
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Aluminium-4
Aluminium bar surface etched

таърих

кошифHans Christian Oersted
макони кашфDenmark
таърихи кашф1825
РешашиносӣLatin: alumen, aluminis, (alum).
pronunciationah-LOO-men-em (Англисӣ)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
82 300 mg/kg
natural abundance (Уқёнус)
0,002 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,00009 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,91 %
natural abundance (Офтоб)
0,006 %
Abundance in Universe
0,005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.409
2p4.0366
2s4.7864
3p8.9344
3s8.8828