Bismuth

Bismuth (Bi)

chemical element with symbol Bi and atomic number 83
Atomic Number83
Atomic Weight208.9804
mass number209
Group15
Period6
Blockp
proton83 p+
neutron126 n0
electron83 e-
Animated Bohr model of Bi (Bismuth)

Āhuatanga Ōkiko

Atomic Radius
160 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
151 pm
Metallic Radius
151 pm
ionic radius
96 pm
Crystal Radius
110 pm
Van der Waals radius
207 pm
density
9.79 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Bismuth0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energy
proton affinity
electron affinity
0.942362 eV/particle
ionization energy
7.285516 eV/particle
ionization energy of Bi (Bismuth)
enthalpy of vaporization
172 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
standard enthalpy of formation
209.6 kJ/mol
electron
electron shell2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5
Bohr model: Bi (Bismuth)
valence electron5
Lewis structure: Bi (Bismuth)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
Enhanced Bohr model of Bi (Bismuth)
Orbital Diagram of Bi (Bismuth)
oxidation number-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
electronegativity
1.9
Electrophilicity Index
1.334075610943783 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1,837.15 K
Melting Point
544.552 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
4,620.15 K
triple point
appearance
color
Gray
appearancelustrous silver
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0.0000134 1/K
molar heat capacity
25.52 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.122 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
0.77 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0.0000013 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0.000000017 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0.0000000036 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0.00017
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureBase Centered Monoclinic (RHL)
lattice constant
4.75 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, 1.925622, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
2.25 MPa
bulk modulus
31 GPa
shear modulus
12 GPa
Young's modulus
32 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0.33
speed of sound
1,790 m/s
classification
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number92
Mendeleev Number97
Pettifor Number87
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
48 ± 4 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0.034
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.000006
quantum number4S3/2
space group12 (C12/m1)

Isotopes of Bismuth

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes41
Natural Isotopes1

184Bi

mass number184
neutron number101
relative atomic mass
184.001347 ± 0.000131 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6.6 ± 1.5 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2003
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

185Bi

mass number185
neutron number102
relative atomic mass
184.9976 ± 0.000087 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1996
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
α (α emission)

186Bi

mass number186
neutron number103
relative atomic mass
185.996623169 ± 0.0000182 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14.8 ± 0.7 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ SF (β+-delayed fission)0.011%

187Bi

mass number187
neutron number104
relative atomic mass
186.993147272 ± 0.00001074 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
37 ± 2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1999
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

188Bi

mass number188
neutron number105
relative atomic mass
187.992276064 ± 0.000012001 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
60 ± 3 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ SF (β+-delayed fission)0.0014%

189Bi

mass number189
neutron number106
relative atomic mass
188.989195139 ± 0.000022384 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
688 ± 5 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1973
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

190Bi

mass number190
neutron number107
relative atomic mass
189.988624828 ± 0.000022515 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6.3 ± 0.1 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)77%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)23%
β+ SF (β+-delayed fission)6%

191Bi

mass number191
neutron number108
relative atomic mass
190.985786972 ± 0.000008037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
12.4 ± 0.3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)51%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

192Bi

mass number192
neutron number109
relative atomic mass
191.985470077 ± 0.000032326 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
34.6 ± 0.9 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88%
α (α emission)12%

193Bi

mass number193
neutron number110
relative atomic mass
192.98294722 ± 0.000008132 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
63.6 ± 3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)96.5%
α (α emission)3.5%

194Bi

mass number194
neutron number111
relative atomic mass
193.982798581 ± 0.000005638 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
95 ± 3 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.46%

195Bi

mass number195
neutron number112
relative atomic mass
194.980648759 ± 0.000005675 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
183 ± 4 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.03%

196Bi

mass number196
neutron number113
relative atomic mass
195.980666509 ± 0.000026224 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5.13 ± 0.2 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.00115%

197Bi

mass number197
neutron number114
relative atomic mass
196.978864927 ± 0.000008946 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9.33 ± 0.5 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

198Bi

mass number198
neutron number115
relative atomic mass
197.979201316 ± 0.000029598 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10.3 ± 0.3 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

199Bi

mass number199
neutron number116
relative atomic mass
198.977672841 ± 0.000011395 Da
g-factor
1.0222222222222 ± 0.088888888888889
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
27 ± 1 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

200Bi

mass number200
neutron number117
relative atomic mass
199.97813129 ± 0.00002437 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
36.4 ± 0.5 m
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

201Bi

mass number201
neutron number118
relative atomic mass
200.976995017 ± 0.000013072 Da
g-factor
1.0666666666667 ± 0.066666666666667
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
103 ± 3 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

202Bi

mass number202
neutron number119
relative atomic mass
201.977723042 ± 0.000015032 Da
g-factor
0.848 ± 0.0028
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1.72 ± 0.05 h
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)1%

203Bi

mass number203
neutron number120
relative atomic mass
202.976892077 ± 0.000013717 Da
g-factor
0.88866666666667 ± 0.0028888888888889
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11.76 ± 0.05 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

204Bi

mass number204
neutron number121
relative atomic mass
203.977835687 ± 0.000009854 Da
g-factor
0.717 ± 0.0025
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11.22 ± 0.1 h
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

205Bi

mass number205
neutron number122
relative atomic mass
204.977385182 ± 0.000005161 Da
g-factor
0.89933333333333 ± 0.0015555555555556
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14.91 ± 0.07 d
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.81 ± 0.03
time of discovery or invention1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

206Bi

mass number206
neutron number123
relative atomic mass
205.978498843 ± 0.000008193 Da
g-factor
0.7235 ± 0.0013333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6.243 ± 0.003 d
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.54 ± 0.04
time of discovery or invention1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

207Bi

mass number207
neutron number124
relative atomic mass
206.978470551 ± 0.000002573 Da
g-factor
0.90508888888889 ± 0.00044444444444444
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
31.22 ± 0.17 y
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.76 ± 0.02
time of discovery or invention1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

208Bi

mass number208
neutron number125
relative atomic mass
207.97974206 ± 0.000002474 Da
g-factor
0.9144 ± 0.002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
368 ± 4 ky
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.7 ± 0.08
time of discovery or invention1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

209Bi

mass number209
neutron number126
relative atomic mass
208.980398599 ± 0.000001465 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
100
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
20.1 ± 0.8 Ey
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.516 ± 0.015
time of discovery or invention1924
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

210Bi

mass number210
neutron number127
relative atomic mass
209.984120237 ± 0.000001463 Da
g-factor
-0.0443 ± 0.0001
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5.012 ± 0.005 d
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.19 ± 0.006
time of discovery or invention1905
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)13.2%

211Bi

mass number211
neutron number128
relative atomic mass
210.987268715 ± 0.000005842 Da
g-factor
0.85555555555556 ± 0.0066666666666667
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2.14 ± 0.02 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.7 ± 0.3
time of discovery or invention1905
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β (β decay)0.276%

212Bi

mass number212
neutron number129
relative atomic mass
211.99128503 ± 0.000001989 Da
g-factor
0.32 ± 0.04
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
60.55 ± 0.06 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.1 ± 0.4
time of discovery or invention1905
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)64.06%
α (α emission)35.94%
βα (β-delayed α emission)0.014%

213Bi

mass number213
neutron number130
relative atomic mass
212.99438357 ± 0.000005455 Da
g-factor
0.822 ± 0.0015555555555556
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
45.6 ± 0.04 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.83 ± 0.05
time of discovery or invention1947
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)97.91%
α (α emission)2.09%

214Bi

mass number214
neutron number131
relative atomic mass
213.998710909 ± 0.000012033 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
19.9 ± 0.4 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1904
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)99.979%
α (α emission)0.021%
βα (β-delayed α emission)0.003%

215Bi

mass number215
neutron number132
relative atomic mass
215.001749095 ± 0.000006037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7.62 ± 0.13 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1953
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

216Bi

mass number216
neutron number133
relative atomic mass
216.006305985 ± 0.000012 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2.21 ± 0.04 m
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

217Bi

mass number217
neutron number134
relative atomic mass
217.009372 ± 0.000019 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
98.5 ± 1.3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1998
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

218Bi

mass number218
neutron number135
relative atomic mass
218.014188 ± 0.000029 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
33 ± 1 s
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1998
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

219Bi

mass number219
neutron number136
relative atomic mass
219.01752 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8.7 ± 2.9 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

220Bi

mass number220
neutron number137
relative atomic mass
220.022501 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9.5 ± 5.7 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

221Bi

mass number221
neutron number138
relative atomic mass
221.02598 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

222Bi

mass number222
neutron number139
relative atomic mass
222.031079 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

223Bi

mass number223
neutron number140
relative atomic mass
223.034611 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

224Bi

mass number224
neutron number141
relative atomic mass
224.039796 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Bismuth crystals and 1cm3 cube

kōrero nehe

discoverer or inventorKnown to the ancients.
location of discovery
time of discovery or invention
etymologyGerman: bisemutum, (white mass), Now spelled wismut.
pronunciationBIZ-meth (Ingarihi)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0.0085 mg/kg
natural abundance (Moana nui)
0.00002 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0.0000069 %
natural abundance (Te Rā)
0.000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0.00000007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.6018
2p4.533
2s21.824
3d13.4585
3p23.0678
3s24.1145
4d37.7608
4f37.9308
4p36.1496
4s35.2928
5d58.756
5p53.979
5s51.971
6p69.6602
6s67.76