Klor

Klor (Cl)

chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17
Atomic Number17
Atomic Weight35.45
Hejmara baristeyî35
Group17
Period3
Blockp
Proton17 p+
Notron18 n0
Kareva17 e-
Animated Bohr model of Cl (Klor)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
100 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
99 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
181 pm
Crystal Radius
167 pm
Van der Waals radius
175 pm
density
0,002898 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Klor0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

wize
proton affinity
513,6 kJ/mol
electron affinity
3,612725 eV/particle
ionization energy
12,96763 eV/particle
ionization energy of Cl (Klor)
enthalpy of vaporization
20,41 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
6,41 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
121,302 kJ/mol
Kareva
electron shell2, 8, 7
Bohr model: Cl (Klor)
valence electron7
Lewis structure: Cl (Klor)
electron configuration[Ne] 3s2 3p5
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5
Enhanced Bohr model of Cl (Klor)
Orbital Diagram of Cl (Klor)
oxidation number-1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
electronegativity
3.16
Electrophilicity Index
3,673315922583194 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterGas
gaseous state of matterDiatomic
Boiling Point
239,11 K
Melting Point
171,65 K
critical pressure
7,991 MPa
critical temperature
417,05 K
triple point
appearance
color
Yellow
appearancepale yellow-green gas
refractive index
1,000773
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,009 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
33,949 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,479 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio7/5
electrical properties
typeInsulator
electrical conductivity
0,00000001 MS/m
electrical resistivity
100 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000072 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000511 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000000231
magnetic ordering
Germahiya Curie
Néel temperature
pêkhate
Crystal StructureBase Centered Orthorhombic (ORC)
lattice constant
6,24 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
1,1 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
Leza dengê
206 m/s
classification
CategoryHalogens, Halogens
CAS GroupVIIB
IUPAC GroupVIIA
Glawe Number101
Mendeleev Number107
Pettifor Number99
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
490,1 kJ/mol
polarizability
14,6 ± 0,1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
94,6 a₀
allotropeDichlorine
Neutron cross section
35,3
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,033
quantum number2P3/2
space group64 (Cmca)

Isotopes of Chlorine

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes23
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition3575.80%3575.80%3724.20%3724.20%

28Cl

Hejmara baristeyî28
neutron number11
Giraniya atomê
28,030349 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

29Cl

Hejmara baristeyî29
neutron number12
Giraniya atomê
29,015053 ± 0,000203 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,4 ± 1,9 zs
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1993
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

30Cl

Hejmara baristeyî30
neutron number13
Giraniya atomê
30,005018333 ± 0,000025631 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

31Cl

Hejmara baristeyî31
neutron number14
Giraniya atomê
30,992448097 ± 0,0000037 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
190 ± 1 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.4%

32Cl

Hejmara baristeyî32
neutron number15
Giraniya atomê
31,985684605 ± 0,000000603 Da
g-factor
1,115 ± 0,006
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
298 ± 1 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.054%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.026%

33Cl

Hejmara baristeyî33
neutron number16
Giraniya atomê
32,977451988 ± 0,000000419 Da
g-factor
0,50313333333333 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,5038 ± 0,0022 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

34Cl

Hejmara baristeyî34
neutron number17
Giraniya atomê
33,97376249 ± 0,000000052 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,5267 ± 0,0004 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

35Cl

Hejmara baristeyî35
neutron number18
Giraniya atomê
34,968852694 ± 0,000000038 Da
g-factor
0,5478 ± 0,000013333333333333
natural abundance
75,8 ± 0,2
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,0817 ± 0,0008
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1919
parity+

36Cl

Hejmara baristeyî36
neutron number19
Giraniya atomê
35,968306822 ± 0,000000038 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
301,3 ± 1,5 ky
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,178 ± 0,004
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1941
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)98.1%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)1.9%

37Cl

Hejmara baristeyî37
neutron number20
Giraniya atomê
36,965902573 ± 0,000000055 Da
g-factor
0,456 ± 0,0000066666666666667
natural abundance
24,2 ± 0,2
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,0644 ± 0,0006
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1919
parity+

38Cl

Hejmara baristeyî38
neutron number21
Giraniya atomê
37,968010408 ± 0,000000105 Da
g-factor
1,025 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
37,23 ± 0,014 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

39Cl

Hejmara baristeyî39
neutron number22
Giraniya atomê
38,968008151 ± 0,000001859 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
56,2 ± 0,6 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

40Cl

Hejmara baristeyî40
neutron number23
Giraniya atomê
39,970415466 ± 0,000034423 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,35 ± 0,03 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

41Cl

Hejmara baristeyî41
neutron number24
Giraniya atomê
40,970684525 ± 0,000073777 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
38,4 ± 0,8 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

42Cl

Hejmara baristeyî42
neutron number25
Giraniya atomê
41,973342 ± 0,000064 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,8 ± 0,3 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

43Cl

Hejmara baristeyî43
neutron number26
Giraniya atomê
42,9740637 ± 0,000066407 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,13 ± 0,09 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

44Cl

Hejmara baristeyî44
neutron number27
Giraniya atomê
43,978014918 ± 0,000091859 Da
g-factor
0,2749 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
562 ± 106 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1979
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8%

45Cl

Hejmara baristeyî45
neutron number28
Giraniya atomê
44,980394353 ± 0,000146177 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
413 ± 25 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)24%

46Cl

Hejmara baristeyî46
neutron number29
Giraniya atomê
45,985254926 ± 0,0001044 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
232 ± 2 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)60%
2n (2-neutron emission)

47Cl

Hejmara baristeyî47
neutron number30
Giraniya atomê
46,989715 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
101 ± 5 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3%
2n (2-neutron emission)

48Cl

Hejmara baristeyî48
neutron number31
Giraniya atomê
47,995405 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1989
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

49Cl

Hejmara baristeyî49
neutron number32
Giraniya atomê
49,000794 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

50Cl

Hejmara baristeyî50
neutron number33
Giraniya atomê
50,008266 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2009
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

51Cl

Hejmara baristeyî51
neutron number34
Giraniya atomê
51,015341 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

52Cl

Hejmara baristeyî52
neutron number35
Giraniya atomê
52,024004 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2018
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Chlorine liquid in an ampoule

dîrok

kaşîf an îcadkerCarl Wilhelm Scheele
location of discoverySweden
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1774
BêjenasîGreek: chlôros (greenish yellow).
pronunciationKLOR-een (îngilîzî)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
145 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okyanûs)
19.400 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,12 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,037 %
natural abundance (Roj)
0,0008 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.4761
2p4.0068
2s5.5696
3p10.8839
3s9.9317