Temir

Temir (Fe)

chemical element with symbol Fe and atomic number 26
Atomic Number26
Atomic Weight55.845
mass number56
Group8
Period4
Blockd
Proton26 p+
Neytron30 n0
Elektron26 e-
Animated Bohr model of Fe (Temir)

Fizik Xossa

Atom Radiusi
140 pm
Molyar hajm
Kovalentlik Radiusi
116 pm
Metallic Radius
117 pm
Ion radiuslar
63 pm
Crystal Radius
77 pm
Van der Waals radius
204 pm
density
7,87 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Temir0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtom RadiusiKovalentlik RadiusiMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energiya
proton affinity
754 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
7,9024678 eV/particle
ionization energy of Fe (Temir)
Solishtirma qaynash issiqligi
340 kJ/mol
solishtirma erish issiqligi
13,8 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
415,5 kJ/mol
Elektron
Ion asboblar2, 8, 14, 2
Bohr model: Fe (Temir)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Fe (Temir)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d6 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d6 4s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Fe (Temir)
Orbital Diagram of Fe (Temir)
Oksidlanish darajasi-4, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Elektrmanfiylik
1.83
Electrophilicity Index
1,045904228706801 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3 134,15 K
Melting Point
1 811,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
9 340,15 K
triple point
appearance
Rang
Gray
appearancelustrous metallic with a grayish tinge
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
80,4 W/(m K)
Issiqlikdan kengayish
0,0000118 1/K
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
0,449 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
10 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000009700000000001 m Ω
superconductivity
Magnetizm
typeferromagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
magnetic ordering
Kyuri nuqtasi
1 043 K
Néel temperature
Tuzilma
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic (BCC)
Kristall panjara davri
2,87 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Qattiqlik
4 MPa
bulk modulus
170 GPa
shear modulus
82 GPa
Yung moduli
211 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,29
Tovush tezligi
4 910 m/s
klassifikatsiya
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number71
Mendeleev Number59
Pettifor Number61
Geochemical Classmajor
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
731,1 kJ/mol
polarizability
62 ± 4 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
482 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
2,56
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0015
Atom kvant sonlari5D4
space group229 (Im_3m)

Isotopes of Iron

Stable Isotopes3
Unstable Isotopes29
Natural Isotopes4
Isotopic Composition5691.75%5691.75%545.85%545.85%572.12%572.12%580.28%580.28%

45Fe

mass number45
neutron number19
Nisbiy atom massa
45,015467 ± 0,000304 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,5 ± 0,2 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1996
parity+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)70%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)30%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)18.9%
2p (2-proton emission)7.8%

46Fe

mass number46
neutron number20
Nisbiy atom massa
46,001299 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
13 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)78.7%
2p (2-proton emission)

47Fe

mass number47
neutron number21
Nisbiy atom massa
46,992346 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
21,9 ± 0,2 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1992
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)88.4%

48Fe

mass number48
neutron number22
Nisbiy atom massa
47,980667 ± 0,000099 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
45,3 ± 0,6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)15.3%

49Fe

mass number49
neutron number23
Nisbiy atom massa
48,973429 ± 0,000026 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
64,7 ± 0,3 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)56.7%

50Fe

mass number50
neutron number24
Nisbiy atom massa
49,962988 ± 0,000009 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
152 ± 0,6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0%

51Fe

mass number51
neutron number25
Nisbiy atom massa
50,956855137 ± 0,000001501 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
305,4 ± 2,3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

52Fe

mass number52
neutron number26
Nisbiy atom massa
51,948113364 ± 0,000000192 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
8,275 ± 0,008 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

53Fe

mass number53
neutron number27
Nisbiy atom massa
52,945305629 ± 0,000001792 Da
g-factor
-0,18571428571429 ± 0,0028571428571429
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
8,51 ± 0,02 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

54Fe

mass number54
neutron number28
Nisbiy atom massa
53,939608189 ± 0,000000368 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
5,845 ± 0,105
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1923
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

55Fe

mass number55
neutron number29
Nisbiy atom massa
54,938291158 ± 0,00000033 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,7562 ± 0,0004 y
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

56Fe

mass number56
neutron number30
Nisbiy atom massa
55,934935537 ± 0,000000287 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
91,754 ± 0,106
Radioaktivlikstable isotope
Yarim yemirilish davriNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1923
parity+

57Fe

mass number57
neutron number31
Nisbiy atom massa
56,93539195 ± 0,000000287 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
2,119 ± 0,029
Radioaktivlikstable isotope
Yarim yemirilish davriNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1935
parity-

58Fe

mass number58
neutron number32
Nisbiy atom massa
57,933273575 ± 0,000000339 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,282 ± 0,012
Radioaktivlikstable isotope
Yarim yemirilish davriNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1935
parity+

59Fe

mass number59
neutron number33
Nisbiy atom massa
58,934873492 ± 0,000000354 Da
g-factor
-0,22386666666667 ± 0,00026666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
44,5 ± 0,012 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

60Fe

mass number60
neutron number34
Nisbiy atom massa
59,934070249 ± 0,000003656 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,62 ± 0,04 My
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

61Fe

mass number61
neutron number35
Nisbiy atom massa
60,936746241 ± 0,0000028 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
5,98 ± 0,06 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1957
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

62Fe

mass number62
neutron number36
Nisbiy atom massa
61,936791809 ± 0,000003 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
68 ± 2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

63Fe

mass number63
neutron number37
Nisbiy atom massa
62,940272698 ± 0,000004618 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
6,1 ± 0,6 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1980
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

64Fe

mass number64
neutron number38
Nisbiy atom massa
63,940987761 ± 0,000005386 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2 ± 0,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

65Fe

mass number65
neutron number39
Nisbiy atom massa
64,945015323 ± 0,000005487 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
805 ± 10 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1980
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

66Fe

mass number66
neutron number40
Nisbiy atom massa
65,946249958 ± 0,0000044 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
467 ± 29 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

67Fe

mass number67
neutron number41
Nisbiy atom massa
66,95093 ± 0,0000041 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
394 ± 9 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1985
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

68Fe

mass number68
neutron number42
Nisbiy atom massa
67,952875 ± 0,000207 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
188 ± 4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0%

69Fe

mass number69
neutron number43
Nisbiy atom massa
68,957918 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
162 ± 7 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1992
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

70Fe

mass number70
neutron number44
Nisbiy atom massa
69,960397 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
61,4 ± 0,7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

71Fe

mass number71
neutron number45
Nisbiy atom massa
70,965722 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
34,3 ± 2,6 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

72Fe

mass number72
neutron number46
Nisbiy atom massa
71,968599 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
17 ± 1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

73Fe

mass number73
neutron number47
Nisbiy atom massa
72,974246 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
12,9 ± 1,6 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

74Fe

mass number74
neutron number48
Nisbiy atom massa
73,977821 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
5 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

75Fe

mass number75
neutron number49
Nisbiy atom massa
74,984219 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2013
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

76Fe

mass number76
neutron number50
Nisbiy atom massa
75,988631 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2017
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Iron electrolytic and 1cm3 cube

tarix

discoverer or inventorKnown to the ancients.
location of discovery
time of discovery or invention
EtimologiyaAnglo-Saxon: iron; symbol from Latin: ferrum (iron).
pronunciationEYE-ern (inglizcha)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
56 300 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okean)
0,002 mg/L
natural abundance (Inson tanasi)
0,006 %
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
22 %
natural abundance (Quyosh)
0,1 %
Abundance in Universe
0,11 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.619
2p3.9112
2s7.401
3d14.8202
3p13.2221
3s12.3239
4s20.566