Galioa

Galioa (Ga)

31 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number31
Atomic Weight69.723
masa-zenbaki69
Group13
Period4
Blockp
protoi31 p+
neutroi38 n0
elektroi31 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Ga (Galioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
130 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
124 pm
Metallic Radius
125 pm
Erradio ioniko
47 pm
Crystal Radius
61 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
187 pm
dentsitatea
5,91 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Galioa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
5,9993018 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Ga (Galioa)
Irakite-entalpia
270,3 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
5,59 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
271,96 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 3
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Ga (Galioa)
balentzia-elektroi3
Lewis egitura: Ga (Galioa)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p1
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Ga (Galioa)
Orbital Diagram of Ga (Galioa)
Oxidazio-egoera-5, -4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3
Elektronegatibotasun
1.81
Electrophilicity Index
0,927762651403701 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
2.502,15 K
Melting Point
302,9146 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
302,9166 K
appearance
kolore
Silver
appearancesilver-white
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
28,1 W/(m K)
Bero-dilatazio
0,00012 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,03 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,373 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
7,1 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,00000014 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
1,083 K
Magnetismo
typediamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
−0,000000003 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
−0,000000000209 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
−0,0000177
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureBase Centered Orthorhombic (ORC)
lattice constant
4,51 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
1,5 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
Zizaila modulua
Youngen modulu
Poissonen modulu
Soinuaren lastertasun
2.740 m/s
classification
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIIIB
IUPAC GroupIIIA
Glawe Number79
Mendeleev Number83
Pettifor Number81
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
50 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
498 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
2,9
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0015
zenbaki kuantiko2P1/2
talde espazial64 (Cmca)

Isotopes of Gallium

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes31
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition6960.11%6960.11%7139.89%7139.89%

56Ga

masa-zenbaki56
neutron number25
atomo-masa erlatibo
55,995878 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

57Ga

masa-zenbaki57
neutron number26
atomo-masa erlatibo
56,983457 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

58Ga

masa-zenbaki58
neutron number27
atomo-masa erlatibo
57,974729 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

59Ga

masa-zenbaki59
neutron number28
atomo-masa erlatibo
58,963757 ± 0,000183 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

60Ga

masa-zenbaki60
neutron number29
atomo-masa erlatibo
59,957498 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
72,4 ± 1,7 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.6%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.023%

61Ga

masa-zenbaki61
neutron number30
atomo-masa erlatibo
60,949398861 ± 0,000040787 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
165,9 ± 2,5 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.25%

62Ga

masa-zenbaki62
neutron number31
atomo-masa erlatibo
61,944189639 ± 0,000000684 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
116,122 ± 0,021 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

63Ga

masa-zenbaki63
neutron number32
atomo-masa erlatibo
62,939294194 ± 0,0000014 Da
g-factor
0,097866666666667 ± 0,00033333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
32,4 ± 0,5 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,212 ± 0,014
aurkikuntza-data1965
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

64Ga

masa-zenbaki64
neutron number33
atomo-masa erlatibo
63,936840366 ± 0,000001533 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,627 ± 0,012 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1953
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

65Ga

masa-zenbaki65
neutron number34
atomo-masa erlatibo
64,932734424 ± 0,000000849 Da
g-factor
1,182 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
15,133 ± 0,028 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,21 ± 0,015
aurkikuntza-data1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

66Ga

masa-zenbaki66
neutron number35
atomo-masa erlatibo
65,931589766 ± 0,000001172 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,304 ± 0,008 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

67Ga

masa-zenbaki67
neutron number36
atomo-masa erlatibo
66,928202276 ± 0,000001262 Da
g-factor
1,2329333333333 ± 0,00033333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,2617 ± 0,0004 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,197 ± 0,002
aurkikuntza-data1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

68Ga

masa-zenbaki68
neutron number37
atomo-masa erlatibo
67,927980161 ± 0,000001535 Da
g-factor
0,01174 ± 0,00007
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
67,842 ± 0,016 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,0277 ± 0,0014
aurkikuntza-data1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

69Ga

masa-zenbaki69
neutron number38
atomo-masa erlatibo
68,925573528 ± 0,000001285 Da
g-factor
1,3433466666667 ± 0,00004
natural abundance
60,108 ± 0,05
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,171 ± 0,002
aurkikuntza-data1923
parity-

70Ga

masa-zenbaki70
neutron number39
atomo-masa erlatibo
69,926021914 ± 0,000001289 Da
g-factor
0,571 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
21,14 ± 0,05 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,105 ± 0,007
aurkikuntza-data1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)99.59%
ϵ (electron capture)0.41%

71Ga

masa-zenbaki71
neutron number40
atomo-masa erlatibo
70,924702554 ± 0,00000087 Da
g-factor
1,7068866666667 ± 0,00006
natural abundance
39,892 ± 0,05
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,107 ± 0,001
aurkikuntza-data1923
parity-

72Ga

masa-zenbaki72
neutron number41
atomo-masa erlatibo
71,926367452 ± 0,000000878 Da
g-factor
−0,044046666666667 ± 0,0000066666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
14,025 ± 0,01 h
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,53 ± 0,006
aurkikuntza-data1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

73Ga

masa-zenbaki73
neutron number42
atomo-masa erlatibo
72,92517468 ± 0,0000018 Da
g-factor
0,13933333333333 ± 0,0013333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,86 ± 0,03 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

74Ga

masa-zenbaki74
neutron number43
atomo-masa erlatibo
73,926945725 ± 0,000003214 Da
g-factor
0 ± 0,026666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,12 ± 0,12 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,55 ± 0,04
aurkikuntza-data1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

75Ga

masa-zenbaki75
neutron number44
atomo-masa erlatibo
74,926504484 ± 0,00000072 Da
g-factor
1,2233333333333 ± 0,0026666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
126 ± 2 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,285 ± 0,017
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

76Ga

masa-zenbaki76
neutron number45
atomo-masa erlatibo
75,928827624 ± 0,0000021 Da
g-factor
−0,4725 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
30,6 ± 0,6 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,33 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1961
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

77Ga

masa-zenbaki77
neutron number46
atomo-masa erlatibo
76,929154299 ± 0,0000026 Da
g-factor
1,3453333333333 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
13,2 ± 0,2 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,208 ± 0,013
aurkikuntza-data1968
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

78Ga

masa-zenbaki78
neutron number47
atomo-masa erlatibo
77,931610854 ± 0,000001127 Da
g-factor
−0,607 ± 0,0025
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,09 ± 0,05 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,33 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

79Ga

masa-zenbaki79
neutron number48
atomo-masa erlatibo
78,932851582 ± 0,000001296 Da
g-factor
0,69733333333333 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,848 ± 0,003 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,158 ± 0,01
aurkikuntza-data1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.089%

80Ga

masa-zenbaki80
neutron number49
atomo-masa erlatibo
79,936420773 ± 0,000003103 Da
g-factor
0,006 ± 0,00066666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,9 ± 0,1 s
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,38 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.86%

81Ga

masa-zenbaki81
neutron number50
atomo-masa erlatibo
80,938133841 ± 0,000003503 Da
g-factor
0,6984 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,217 ± 0,005 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,048 ± 0,008
aurkikuntza-data1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)12.5%

82Ga

masa-zenbaki82
neutron number51
atomo-masa erlatibo
81,943176531 ± 0,000002604 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
600 ± 2 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)21.2%
2n (2-neutron emission)

83Ga

masa-zenbaki83
neutron number52
atomo-masa erlatibo
82,9471203 ± 0,000002804 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
310 ± 0,7 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)85%
2n (2-neutron emission)

84Ga

masa-zenbaki84
neutron number53
atomo-masa erlatibo
83,952663 ± 0,000032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
97,6 ± 1,2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1991
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)43%
2n (2-neutron emission)1.6%

85Ga

masa-zenbaki85
neutron number54
atomo-masa erlatibo
84,957333 ± 0,00004 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
95,3 ± 1 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)77%
2n (2-neutron emission)1.3%

86Ga

masa-zenbaki86
neutron number55
atomo-masa erlatibo
85,963757 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
49 ± 2 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)69%
2n (2-neutron emission)16.2%

87Ga

masa-zenbaki87
neutron number56
atomo-masa erlatibo
86,969007 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
29 ± 4 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)81%
2n (2-neutron emission)10.2%

88Ga

masa-zenbaki88
neutron number57
atomo-masa erlatibo
87,975963 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Gallium crystals

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaPaul Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran
aurkikuntzaren lekuaFrance
aurkikuntza-data1875
etimologiaLatin: Gallia (France).
pronunciationGAL-i-em (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,00003 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,00076 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,000004 %
Abundance in Universe
0,000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6906
2p3.9092
2s8.401
3d15.9067
3p14.7964
3s14.0038
4p24.7784
4s23.9332