Gadolinium

Gadolinium (Gd)

Gadolinium is the 64th element in the periodic table and has a symbol of Gd and atomic number of 64. It has an atomic weight of 157.25 and a mass number of 158. Gadolinium has sixty-four protons and ninety-four neutrons in its nucleus, and sixty-four electrons in six shells. It is located in group Lanthanides, period six and block f of the periodic table. Soft silvery metallic element belonging to the lanthanoids. Seven natural, stable isotopes are known in addition to eleven artificial isotopes. Gd-155 and Gd-157 and the best neutron absorbers of all elements. Gadolinium compounds are used in electronics. Discovered by J.C.G Marignac in 1880.
Atomic Number64
Atomic Weight157.25
Mass Number158
Group
Period6
Blockf
Protons64 p+
Neutrons94 n0
Electrons64 e-
Animated Bohr Model of Gd (Gadolinium)

Physical Properties

Atomic Radius
180 pm
Molar Volume
Covalent Radius
169 pm
Metallic Radius
Ionic Radius
93.8 pm
Crystal Radius
107.8 pm
Van der Waals Radius
234 pm
Density
7.9 g/cm³
Atomic Radii of the Elements: Gadolinium0153045607590105120135150165180195210225240pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals Radius

Chemical Properties

Energy
Proton Affinity
Electron Affinity
Ionization Energy
6.149796 eV/particle
Ionization Energies of Gd (Gadolinium)
Heat of Vaporization
398 kJ/mol
Heat of Fusion
Heat of Formation
397.5 kJ/mol
Electrons
Electron Shells2, 8, 18, 25, 9, 2
Bohr Model: Gd (Gadolinium)
Valence Electrons2
Lewis Structure: Gd (Gadolinium)
Electron Configuration[Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f7 5d1 6s2
Enhanced Bohr Model of Gd (Gadolinium)
Orbital Diagram of Gd (Gadolinium)
Oxidation States0, 1, 2, 3
Electronegativity
1.2
Electrophilicity Index
States of Matter
PhaseSolid
Gas Phase
Boiling Point
3,546.15 K
Melting Point
1,586.15 K
Critical Pressure
Critical Temperature
Triple Point
Visual

Gadolinium is a Silver. Gd has a CPK of #ff1493, Jmol of #45ffc7, and MOLCAS GV of #45ffc7. The Appearance of Element 64 is silvery white.

Color
Silver
Appearancesilvery white
Refractive Index
Thermodynamic Properties
Thermal Conductivity
Thermal Expansion
0.0000094 1/K
Molar Heat Capacity
37.03 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.236 J/(g⋅K)
Heat Capacity Ratio (Adiabatic Index)
Electrical Properties
TypeConductor
Electrical Conductivity
0.77 MS/m
Electrical Resistivity
0.0000013 m Ω
Superconducting Point
Magnetism
Typeferromagnetic
Magnetic Susceptibility (Mass)
Magnetic Susceptibility (Molar)
Magnetic Susceptibility (Volume)
Magnetic Ordering
Curie Point
292 K
Neel Point
Structure

The Crystal Structure of Gadolinium is HEX. The lattice constant of Gd is 3.64 Å. The lattice angles of Element 64 are π/2, π/2, 2 π/3.

Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
Lattice Constant
3.64 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
Mechanical Properties

Gadolinium has a Vickers of 570 MPa. The Bulk Modulus of Gd is 38 GPa. The Shear Modulus of Element 64 is 22 GPa. The Young Modulus of Gadolinium (Gd) is 55 GPa. The Poisson Ratio of Gadolinium is 0.26. The Speed of Sound of Gd is 2680 m/s.

Hardness
Bulk Modulus
38 GPa
Shear Modulus
22 GPa
Young's Modulus
55 GPa
Poisson Ratio
0.26
Speed of Sound
2,680 m/s
Classification

The Glawe Number of Gadolinium is 26. The Mendeleev Number of Gd is 27. The Pettifor Number of Element 64 is 27. The Geochemical Class of Gadolinium (Gd) is rare earth & related. The Goldschmidt Class of Gadolinium is litophile.

CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number26
Mendeleev Number27
Pettifor Number27
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt Classlitophile

Other

The Dipole Polarizability of Gadolinium is 158 plus or minus 20 a₀. Gd has a C6 Dispersion Coefficient (GB) of 2340 a₀. The Allotropes of Element 64 is . The Neutron Cross Section of Gadolinium (Gd) is 49000. The Neutron Mass Absorption of Gadolinium is 7.3. The Quantum Numbers of Gd is 9D2. The Space Group of Element 64 is 194 (P63/mmc).

Gas Basicity
Dipole Polarizability
158 ± 20 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
Allotropes
Neutron Cross Section
49,000
Neutron Mass Absorption
7.3
Quantum Numbers9D2
Space Group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Gadolinium

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes35
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition15824.84%15824.84%16021.86%16021.86%15620.47%15620.47%15514.80%15514.80%15715.65%15715.65%1542.18%1542.18%1520.20%1520.20%

133Gd

Mass Number133
Neutron Number69
Relative Atomic Mass
132.961288 ± 0.000537 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin5/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

134Gd

Mass Number134
Neutron Number70
Relative Atomic Mass
133.955416 ± 0.000429 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

135Gd

Mass Number135
Neutron Number71
Relative Atomic Mass
134.952496 ± 0.000429 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
1.1 ± 0.2 s
Spin5/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1996
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2%

136Gd

Mass Number136
Neutron Number72
Relative Atomic Mass
135.9473 ± 0.00032 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year2000
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

137Gd

Mass Number137
Neutron Number73
Relative Atomic Mass
136.94502 ± 0.00032 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
2.2 ± 0.2 s
Spin7/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1999
Parity

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

138Gd

Mass Number138
Neutron Number74
Relative Atomic Mass
137.940247 ± 0.000215 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
4.7 ± 0.9 s
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1985
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

139Gd

Mass Number139
Neutron Number75
Relative Atomic Mass
138.93813 ± 0.00021 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
5.7 ± 0.3 s
Spin9/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1983
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

140Gd

Mass Number140
Neutron Number76
Relative Atomic Mass
139.933674 ± 0.00003 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
15.8 ± 0.4 s
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1985
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)67%
ϵ (electron capture)33%

141Gd

Mass Number141
Neutron Number77
Relative Atomic Mass
140.932126 ± 0.000021213 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
14 ± 4 s
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1986
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.03%

142Gd

Mass Number142
Neutron Number78
Relative Atomic Mass
141.928116 ± 0.00003 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
70.2 ± 0.6 s
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1986
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
ϵ (electron capture)52%
e+ (positron emission)48%

143Gd

Mass Number143
Neutron Number79
Relative Atomic Mass
142.926750678 ± 0.000215032 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
39 ± 2 s
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1975
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)

144Gd

Mass Number144
Neutron Number80
Relative Atomic Mass
143.922963 ± 0.00003 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
4.47 ± 0.06 m
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1968
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

145Gd

Mass Number145
Neutron Number81
Relative Atomic Mass
144.921710051 ± 0.000021165 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
23 ± 0.4 m
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1959
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

146Gd

Mass Number146
Neutron Number82
Relative Atomic Mass
145.918318513 ± 0.000004376 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
48.27 ± 0.09 d
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1957
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

147Gd

Mass Number147
Neutron Number83
Relative Atomic Mass
146.919101014 ± 0.000002025 Da
G-Factor
0.29142857142857 ± 0.025714285714286
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
38.06 ± 0.12 h
Spin7/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1957
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

148Gd

Mass Number148
Neutron Number84
Relative Atomic Mass
147.918121414 ± 0.000001566 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
71.3 ± 1 y
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1953
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)100%
+ (double β+ decay)

149Gd

Mass Number149
Neutron Number85
Relative Atomic Mass
148.919347666 ± 0.000003553 Da
G-Factor
0.25142857142857 ± 0.011428571428571
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
9.28 ± 0.1 d
Spin7/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1951
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)4.3%

150Gd

Mass Number150
Neutron Number86
Relative Atomic Mass
149.918663949 ± 0.0000065 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
1.79 ± 0.08 My
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1953
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)100%
+ (double β+ decay)

151Gd

Mass Number151
Neutron Number87
Relative Atomic Mass
150.920354922 ± 0.000003212 Da
G-Factor
0.22 ± 0.017142857142857
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
123.9 ± 1 d
Spin7/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1950
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%
α (α emission)1.1%

152Gd

Mass Number152
Neutron Number88
Relative Atomic Mass
151.919798414 ± 0.000001081 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
0.2 ± 0.03
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
108 ± 8 Ty
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1938
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)100%
+ (double β+ decay)

153Gd

Mass Number153
Neutron Number89
Relative Atomic Mass
152.921756945 ± 0.000001075 Da
G-Factor
0.25333333333333 ± 0.053333333333333
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
240.6 ± 0.7 d
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1947
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

154Gd

Mass Number154
Neutron Number90
Relative Atomic Mass
153.920872974 ± 0.000001066 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
2.18 ± 0.02
RadioactivityStable
Half LifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1938
Parity+

155Gd

Mass Number155
Neutron Number91
Relative Atomic Mass
154.922629356 ± 0.000001055 Da
G-Factor
-0.17273333333333 ± 0.00026666666666667
Abundance
14.8 ± 0.09
RadioactivityStable
Half LifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
1.27 ± 0.03
Discovery Year1933
Parity-

156Gd

Mass Number156
Neutron Number92
Relative Atomic Mass
155.92213012 ± 0.000001054 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
20.47 ± 0.03
RadioactivityStable
Half LifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1933
Parity+

157Gd

Mass Number157
Neutron Number93
Relative Atomic Mass
156.923967424 ± 0.000001048 Da
G-Factor
-0.22653333333333 ± 0.0004
Abundance
15.65 ± 0.04
RadioactivityStable
Half LifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
1.35 ± 0.03
Discovery Year1933
Parity-

158Gd

Mass Number158
Neutron Number94
Relative Atomic Mass
157.9241112 ± 0.000001048 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
24.84 ± 0.08
RadioactivityStable
Half LifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1933
Parity+

159Gd

Mass Number159
Neutron Number95
Relative Atomic Mass
158.926395822 ± 0.000001051 Da
G-Factor
-0.29333333333333 ± 0.02
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
18.479 ± 0.004 h
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1949
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

160Gd

Mass Number160
Neutron Number96
Relative Atomic Mass
159.927061202 ± 0.000001206 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
21.86 ± 0.03
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1933
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
(double β decay)

161Gd

Mass Number161
Neutron Number97
Relative Atomic Mass
160.929676267 ± 0.000001614 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
3.646 ± 0.003 m
Spin5/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1949
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

162Gd

Mass Number162
Neutron Number98
Relative Atomic Mass
161.930991812 ± 0.000004254 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
8.4 ± 0.2 m
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1967
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

163Gd

Mass Number163
Neutron Number99
Relative Atomic Mass
162.93409664 ± 0.000000855 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
68 ± 3 s
Spin7/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1982
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

164Gd

Mass Number164
Neutron Number100
Relative Atomic Mass
163.935916193 ± 0.000001073 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
45 ± 3 s
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1988
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

165Gd

Mass Number165
Neutron Number101
Relative Atomic Mass
164.93931708 ± 0.0000014 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
11.6 ± 1 s
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1998
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

166Gd

Mass Number166
Neutron Number102
Relative Atomic Mass
165.941630413 ± 0.0000017 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
5.1 ± 0.8 s
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year2005
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

167Gd

Mass Number167
Neutron Number103
Relative Atomic Mass
166.945490012 ± 0.000005596 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
4.2 ± 0.3 s
Spin5/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year2012
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

168Gd

Mass Number168
Neutron Number104
Relative Atomic Mass
167.948309 ± 0.000322 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
3.03 ± 0.16 s
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1985
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

169Gd

Mass Number169
Neutron Number105
Relative Atomic Mass
168.952882 ± 0.000429 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
750 ± 210 ms
Spin7/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year2012
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

170Gd

Mass Number170
Neutron Number106
Relative Atomic Mass
169.956146 ± 0.000537 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
420 ± 130 ms
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year2012
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

171Gd

Mass Number171
Neutron Number107
Relative Atomic Mass
170.961127 ± 0.000537 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin9/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year2018
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

172Gd

Mass Number172
Neutron Number108
Relative Atomic Mass
171.964605 ± 0.000322 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year2018
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Gadolinium

History

Gadolinium was first detected spectroscopically in 1880 by the Swiss chemist Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac who separated its oxide. He observed spectroscopic lines due to gadolinium in samples of gadolinite and in the separate mineral cerite. The metal was isolated by Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran in 1886. From gadolinite, a mineral named for Gadolin, a Finnish chemist

DiscoverersJean de Marignac
Discovery LocationSwitzerland
Discovery Year1880
Etymology (Name Origin)Named after the mineral gadolinite.
PronunciationGAD-eh-LIN-i-em (English)
Gadolinium is considered to be moderately toxic
Gadolinium has the highest neutron cross-section among any stable nuclides

Uses

Gadolinium is used to make gadolinium yttrium garnets which have microwave applications. It is also used in intravenous radiocontrast agents in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Gadolinium compounds are used for making green phosphors for color TV tubes, and in manufacturing compact discs. Used in steel alloying agents and the manufacture of electronic components.

Sources

Found with other rare earths in gadolinite and monazite sand.

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
6.2 mg/kg
Natural Abundance (Oceans)
0.0000007 mg/L
Natural Abundance (Human Body)
Natural Abundance (Meteor)
0.000023 %
Natural Abundance (Sun)
0.0000002 %
Abundance in Universe
0.0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.2565
2p4.2946
2s16.783
3d13.723
3p19.8508
3s20.2903
4d34.3664
4f38.9864
4p31.3532
4s30.556
5p47.236
5s45.118
6s55.7854

Also Known As

  • Gd
  • element 64
  • 64Gd
  • Gad
  • gadolininum
  • gadolinum

Translations

  • Frenchgadolinium
  • Italiangadolinio
  • GermanGadolinium
  • Amharicጋዶሊኒየም
  • Arabicغادولينيوم
  • AzerbaijaniQadolinium
  • BelarusianГадаліній
  • Bulgarianгадолиний
  • Banglaগ্যাডালিনিয়াম
  • Bosniangadolinij
  • Catalangadolini
  • CorsicanGadoliniu
  • Czechgadolinium
  • ChuvashГадолини
  • WelshGadoliniwm
  • Danishgadolinium
  • Greekγαδολίνιο
  • Esperantogadolinio
  • Spanishgadolinio
  • Estoniangadoliinium
  • Basquegadolinio
  • ExtremaduranGadolíniu
  • Persianگادولینیم
  • Finnishgadolinium
  • FriulianGadolini
  • Irishgadailiniam
  • Galiciangadolinio
  • ManxGadolinnium
  • Hakka Chinesegadolinium
  • Hebrewגדוליניום
  • Hindiगैडोलिनियम
  • Fiji HindiGadolinium
  • Croatiangadolinij
  • Haitian CreoleGadolinyòm
  • Hungariangadolínium
  • Armenianգադոլինիում
  • Interlinguagadolinium
  • Indonesiangadolinium
  • Idogadolinio
  • Japaneseガドリニウム
  • Lojbanjinmrgadolini
  • JavaneseGadolinium
  • Georgianგადოლინიუმი
  • KazakhГадолиний
  • Korean가돌리늄
  • KomiГадолиний
  • Latingadolinium
  • LuxembourgishGadolinium
  • LigurianGadolinio
  • Lithuaniangadolinis
  • Latviangadolīnijs
  • Malayalamഗാഡോലിനിയം
  • Marathiगॅडोलिनियम
  • Western MariГадолиний
  • MalayGadolinium
  • Burmeseဂါဒိုလီနီယမ်
  • Dutchgadolinium
  • Norwegian Nynorskgadolinium
  • Polishgadolin
  • Western Panjabiگاڈولینیم
  • Portuguesegadolínio
  • QuechuaGadolinyu
  • Romaniangadoliniu
  • Russianгадолиний
  • YakutГадолиниум
  • Siciliangaduliniu
  • Serbo-CroatianGadolinijum
  • Slovakgadolínium
  • Sloveniangadolinij
  • Albaniangadolini
  • Serbianгадолинијум
  • Saterland FrisianGadolinium
  • Swedishgadolinium
  • Tamilகடோலினியம்
  • Thaiแกโดลิเนียม
  • Turkishgadolinyum
  • Uyghurگادولنىي
  • Ukrainianгадоліній
  • Urduگیڈولنیئم
  • VepsGadolinii
  • Vietnamesegadolini
  • Waraygadolinyo
  • KalmykГадолиниум
  • YorubaGadolinium
  • Chinese
  • Norwegian Bokmålgadolinium
  • Bretongadoliniom
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