Vodonik

Vodonik (H)

hemijski element sa simbolom H i atomskim brojem 1
Atomic Number1
Atomic Weight1.008
Maseni broj1
Group1
Period1
Blocks
Proton1 p+
Neutron0 n0
Elektron1 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of H (Vodonik)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
25 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
32 pm
Metallic Radius
Ionski radijus
-38 pm
Crystal Radius
-24 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
110 pm
gustoća
0,000082 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Vodonik0102030405060708090100110pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
electron affinity
0,754195 eV/particle
ionization energy
13,598434005136 eV/particle
Toplota isparavanja
0,904 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
0,117 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
217,998 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell1
Bohrov model atoma: H (Vodonik)
Valentni elektron1
Lewis structure: H (Vodonik)
electron configuration1s1
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of H (Vodonik)
Orbital Diagram of H (Vodonik)
oksidacijsko stanje-1, 1
Elektronegativnost
2.2
Electrophilicity Index
2,00476999140139 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeGas
gaseous state of matterDiatomic
Boiling Point
20,271 K
Melting Point
13,99 K
critical pressure
1,2858 MPa
Kritična temperatura
32,938 K
Trojna tačka
13,8033 K
7,041 kPa
appearance
boja
Colorless
appearancecolorless gas
Indeks prelamanja
1,000132
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,1815 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
28,836 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
14,304 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio7/5
electrical properties
type
Specifična električna provodljivost
electrical resistivity
Superprovodljivost
Magnetizam
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000248 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,00000000004999 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,00000000223
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,75 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
bulk modulus
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
Brzina zvuka
1.270 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryOther nonmetals, Nonmetals
CAS GroupIA
IUPAC GroupIA
Glawe Number103
Mendeleev Number105
Pettifor Number103
Geochemical Classvolatile
Goldschmidt classificationatmophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
4,50711 ± 0,00003 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
6,499026705 a₀
allotropeDihydrogen
Neutron cross section
0,332
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,011
Kvantni brojevi2S1/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Hydrogen

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes5
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition199.99%199.99%20.01%20.01%

1H

Maseni broj1
broj neutrona0
relative atomic mass
1,007825031898 ± 0,000000000014 Da
g-factor
5,585694702 ± 0,000000018
natural abundance
99,9855 ± 0,0078
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1920
parity+

2D

Maseni broj2
broj neutrona1
relative atomic mass
2,014101777844 ± 0,000000000015 Da
g-factor
0,857438231 ± 0,000000005
natural abundance
0,0145 ± 0,0078
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1932
parity+

3T

Maseni broj3
broj neutrona2
relative atomic mass
3,01604928132 ± 0,00000000008 Da
g-factor
5,95792492 ± 0,000000028
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
12,32 ± 0,02 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

4H

Maseni broj4
broj neutrona3
relative atomic mass
4,026431867 ± 0,000107354 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
139 ± 10 ys
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)100%

5H

Maseni broj5
broj neutrona4
relative atomic mass
5,035311492 ± 0,00009602 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
86 ± 6 ys
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
2n (2-neutron emission)100%

6H

Maseni broj6
broj neutrona5
relative atomic mass
6,044955437 ± 0,000272816 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
294 ± 67 ys
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1984
parity-

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)
3n (3-neutron emission)

7H

Maseni broj7
broj neutrona6
relative atomic mass
7,052749 ± 0,001078 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
652 ± 558 ys
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2003
parity+

decay modeintensity
2n (2-neutron emission)
Hydrogen discharge tube

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljHenry Cavendish
mjesto otkrićaEngland
datum otkrića1766
EtimologijaGreek: hydro (water) and genes (generate)
pronunciationHI-dreh-jen (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
1.400 mg/kg
natural abundance (okean)
108.000 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
10 %
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
2,4 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
75 %
Abundance in Universe
75 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0