Hidrogenoa

Hidrogenoa (H)

1 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number1
Atomic Weight1.008
masa-zenbaki1
Group1
Period1
Blocks
protoi1 p+
neutroi0 n0
elektroi1 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of H (Hidrogenoa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
25 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
32 pm
Metallic Radius
Erradio ioniko
−38 pm
Crystal Radius
−24 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
110 pm
dentsitatea
0,000082 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Hidrogenoa0102030405060708090100110pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
0,754195 eV/particle
ionizazio energia
13,598434005136 eV/particle
Irakite-entalpia
0,904 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
0,117 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
217,998 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza1
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: H (Hidrogenoa)
balentzia-elektroi1
Lewis egitura: H (Hidrogenoa)
electron configuration1s1
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of H (Hidrogenoa)
Orbital Diagram of H (Hidrogenoa)
Oxidazio-egoera-1, 1
Elektronegatibotasun
2.2
Electrophilicity Index
2,00476999140139 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraGas
materiaren egoera gaseosoDiatomic
Boiling Point
20,271 K
Melting Point
13,99 K
critical pressure
1,2858 MPa
critical temperature
32,938 K
Puntu hirukoitz
13,8033 K
7,041 kPa
appearance
kolore
Colorless
appearancecolorless gas
errefrakzio-indize
1,000132
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,1815 W/(m K)
Bero-dilatazio
molar heat capacity
28,836 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
14,304 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko7/5
electrical properties
type
Eroankortasun elektriko
Erresistibitate elektriko
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
typediamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
−0,0000000248 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
−0,00000000004999 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
−0,00000000223
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,75 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
konprimagarritasun-modulu
Zizaila modulua
Youngen modulu
Poissonen modulu
Soinuaren lastertasun
1.270 m/s
classification
CategoryOther nonmetals, Nonmetals
CAS GroupIA
IUPAC GroupIA
Glawe Number103
Mendeleev Number105
Pettifor Number103
Geochemical Classvolatile
Goldschmidt classificationatmophile

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Gas Basicity
polarizability
4,50711 ± 0,00003 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
6,499026705 a₀
allotropeDihydrogen
Neutron cross section
0,332
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,011
zenbaki kuantiko2S1/2
talde espazial194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Hydrogen

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes5
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition199.99%199.99%20.01%20.01%

1H

masa-zenbaki1
neutron number0
atomo-masa erlatibo
1,007825031898 ± 0,000000000014 Da
g-factor
5,585694702 ± 0,000000018
natural abundance
99,9855 ± 0,0078
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1920
parity+

2D

masa-zenbaki2
neutron number1
atomo-masa erlatibo
2,014101777844 ± 0,000000000015 Da
g-factor
0,857438231 ± 0,000000005
natural abundance
0,0145 ± 0,0078
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1932
parity+

3T

masa-zenbaki3
neutron number2
atomo-masa erlatibo
3,01604928132 ± 0,00000000008 Da
g-factor
5,95792492 ± 0,000000028
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
12,32 ± 0,02 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

4H

masa-zenbaki4
neutron number3
atomo-masa erlatibo
4,026431867 ± 0,000107354 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
139 ± 10 ys
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)100%

5H

masa-zenbaki5
neutron number4
atomo-masa erlatibo
5,035311492 ± 0,00009602 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
86 ± 6 ys
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
2n (2-neutron emission)100%

6H

masa-zenbaki6
neutron number5
atomo-masa erlatibo
6,044955437 ± 0,000272816 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
294 ± 67 ys
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1984
parity-

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)
3n (3-neutron emission)

7H

masa-zenbaki7
neutron number6
atomo-masa erlatibo
7,052749 ± 0,001078 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
652 ± 558 ys
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2003
parity+

decay modeintensity
2n (2-neutron emission)
Hydrogen discharge tube

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaHenry Cavendish
aurkikuntzaren lekuaEngland
aurkikuntza-data1766
etimologiaGreek: hydro (water) and genes (generate)
pronunciationHI-dreh-jen (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
1.400 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
108.000 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
10 %
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
2,4 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
75 %
Abundance in Universe
75 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0