Vodorod

Vodorod (H)

chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1; lightest and most abundant substance in the universe
Atomic Number1
Atomic Weight1.008
mass number1
Group1
Period1
Blocks
Proton1 p+
Neytron0 n0
Elektron1 e-
Animated Bohr model of H (Vodorod)

Fizik Xossa

Atom Radiusi
25 pm
Molyar hajm
Kovalentlik Radiusi
32 pm
Metallic Radius
Ion radiuslar
-38 pm
Crystal Radius
-24 pm
Van der Waals radius
110 pm
density
0,000082 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Vodorod0102030405060708090100110pmAtom RadiusiKovalentlik RadiusiMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energiya
proton affinity
electron affinity
0,754195 eV/particle
ionization energy
13,598434005136 eV/particle
Solishtirma qaynash issiqligi
0,904 kJ/mol
solishtirma erish issiqligi
0,117 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
217,998 kJ/mol
Elektron
Ion asboblar1
Bohr model: H (Vodorod)
valence electron1
Lewis structure: H (Vodorod)
electron configuration1s1
Enhanced Bohr model of H (Vodorod)
Orbital Diagram of H (Vodorod)
Oksidlanish darajasi-1, 1
Elektrmanfiylik
2.2
Electrophilicity Index
2,00476999140139 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterGas
gaseous state of matterDiatomic
Boiling Point
20,271 K
Melting Point
13,99 K
critical pressure
1,2858 MPa
critical temperature
32,938 K
triple point
13,8033 K
7,041 kPa
appearance
Rang
Colorless
appearancecolorless gas
refractive index
1,000132
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,1815 W/(m K)
Issiqlikdan kengayish
molar heat capacity
28,836 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
14,304 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio7/5
electrical properties
type
electrical conductivity
electrical resistivity
superconductivity
Magnetizm
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000248 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,00000000004999 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,00000000223
magnetic ordering
Kyuri nuqtasi
Néel temperature
Tuzilma
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
Kristall panjara davri
3,75 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Qattiqlik
bulk modulus
shear modulus
Yung moduli
Poisson's ratio
Tovush tezligi
1 270 m/s
klassifikatsiya
CategoryOther nonmetals, Nonmetals
CAS GroupIA
IUPAC GroupIA
Glawe Number103
Mendeleev Number105
Pettifor Number103
Geochemical Classvolatile
Goldschmidt classificationatmophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
4,50711 ± 0,00003 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
6,499026705 a₀
allotropeDihydrogen
Neutron cross section
0,332
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,011
Atom kvant sonlari2S1/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Hydrogen

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes5
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition199.99%199.99%20.01%20.01%

1H

mass number1
neutron number0
Nisbiy atom massa
1,007825031898 ± 0,000000000014 Da
g-factor
5,585694702 ± 0,000000018
natural abundance
99,9855 ± 0,0078
Radioaktivlikstable isotope
Yarim yemirilish davriNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1920
parity+

2D

mass number2
neutron number1
Nisbiy atom massa
2,014101777844 ± 0,000000000015 Da
g-factor
0,857438231 ± 0,000000005
natural abundance
0,0145 ± 0,0078
Radioaktivlikstable isotope
Yarim yemirilish davriNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1932
parity+

3T

mass number3
neutron number2
Nisbiy atom massa
3,01604928132 ± 0,00000000008 Da
g-factor
5,95792492 ± 0,000000028
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
12,32 ± 0,02 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

4H

mass number4
neutron number3
Nisbiy atom massa
4,026431867 ± 0,000107354 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
139 ± 10 ys
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)100%

5H

mass number5
neutron number4
Nisbiy atom massa
5,035311492 ± 0,00009602 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
86 ± 6 ys
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
2n (2-neutron emission)100%

6H

mass number6
neutron number5
Nisbiy atom massa
6,044955437 ± 0,000272816 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
294 ± 67 ys
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1984
parity-

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)
3n (3-neutron emission)

7H

mass number7
neutron number6
Nisbiy atom massa
7,052749 ± 0,001078 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
652 ± 558 ys
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2003
parity+

decay modeintensity
2n (2-neutron emission)
Hydrogen discharge tube

tarix

discoverer or inventorHenry Cavendish
location of discoveryEngland
time of discovery or invention1766
EtimologiyaGreek: hydro (water) and genes (generate)
pronunciationHI-dreh-jen (inglizcha)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
1 400 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okean)
108 000 mg/L
natural abundance (Inson tanasi)
10 %
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
2,4 %
natural abundance (Quyosh)
75 %
Abundance in Universe
75 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0