Mangaan

Mangaan (Mn)

chemical element, symbol Mn and atomic number 25
Atomic Number25
Atomic Weight54.938044
Massagetal55
Group7
Period4
Blockd
proton25 p+
neutron30 n0
elektron25 e-
Animated Bohr model of Mn (Mangaan)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
140 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
119 pm
Metallic Radius
118 pm
Ioonradius
66 pm
Crystal Radius
80 pm
Van der Waals radius
205 pm
density
7,3 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Mangaan0153045607590105120135150165180195210pmAtoomradiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
797,3 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
7,434018 eV/particle
ionization energy of Mn (Mangaan)
Verdampingswarmte
221 kJ/mol
smeltingswarmte
13,4 kJ/mol
Vormingsentalpie
283,3 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronskil2, 8, 13, 2
Bohr model: Mn (Mangaan)
Valenselektrone2
Lewisteorie: Mn (Mangaan)
elektronkonfigurasie[Ar] 3d5 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d5 4s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Mn (Mangaan)
Orbital Diagram of Mn (Mangaan)
Oksidasietoestand-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Elektronegatiwiteit
1.55
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2 334,15 K
Melting Point
1 519,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
4 325,15 K
triple point
appearance
kleur
Silver
appearancesilvery metallic
Brekingsindeks
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000217 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,32 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,479 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Geleidingsvermoë
0,62 MS/m
Elektriese resistiwiteit
0,0000016 m Ω
superconductivity
Magnetisme
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,000000121 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,0000000066475 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,00090387
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
100 K
structure
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic (CUB)
lattice constant
8,89 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
6 MPa
Massamodulus
120 GPa
Skuifmodulus
Young se modulus
198 GPa
Poisson se verhouding
Spoed van klank
5 150 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIA
IUPAC GroupVIIB
Glawe Number72
Mendeleev Number55
Pettifor Number60
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
774,4 kJ/mol
polarizability
68 ± 9 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
552 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
13,3
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0083
quantum number6S5/2
Ruimtegroep217 (I_43m)

Isotopes of Manganese

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes30
Natural Isotopes1

43Mn

Massagetal43
neutron number18
relative atomic mass
43,018647 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

44Mn

Massagetal44
neutron number19
relative atomic mass
44,008009 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

45Mn

Massagetal45
neutron number20
relative atomic mass
44,994654 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

46Mn

Massagetal46
neutron number21
relative atomic mass
45,986669 ± 0,000093 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
36,2 ± 0,4 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)57%
2p (2-proton emission)18%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)

47Mn

Massagetal47
neutron number22
relative atomic mass
46,975774 ± 0,000034 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
88 ± 1,3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.7%

48Mn

Massagetal48
neutron number23
relative atomic mass
47,96854876 ± 0,000007191 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
158,1 ± 2,2 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.28%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)6%

49Mn

Massagetal49
neutron number24
relative atomic mass
48,95961335 ± 0,000002377 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
382 ± 7 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

50Mn

Massagetal50
neutron number25
relative atomic mass
49,954238157 ± 0,000000123 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
283,21 ± 0,07 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

51Mn

Massagetal51
neutron number26
relative atomic mass
50,94820877 ± 0,000000326 Da
g-factor
1,43 ± 0,0016
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
45,81 ± 0,21 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,41 ± 0,08
ontdekkingsdatum1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

52Mn

Massagetal52
neutron number27
relative atomic mass
51,94555909 ± 0,000000138 Da
g-factor
0,51036666666667 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,591 ± 0,003 d
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,5 ± 0,07
ontdekkingsdatum1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

53Mn

Massagetal53
neutron number28
relative atomic mass
52,941287497 ± 0,000000371 Da
g-factor
1,438 ± 0,0014285714285714
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,7 ± 0,4 My
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,17 ± 0,03
ontdekkingsdatum1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

54Mn

Massagetal54
neutron number29
relative atomic mass
53,940355772 ± 0,00000108 Da
g-factor
1,099 ± 0,001
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
312,081 ± 0,032 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,37 ± 0,03
ontdekkingsdatum1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%
β (β decay)0.93%
e+ (positron emission)1.28%

55Mn

Massagetal55
neutron number30
relative atomic mass
54,93804304 ± 0,000000279 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
100
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,33 ± 0,01
ontdekkingsdatum1923
parity-

56Mn

Massagetal56
neutron number31
relative atomic mass
55,938902816 ± 0,000000314 Da
g-factor
1,08 ± 0,00066666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,5789 ± 0,0001 h
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,24 ± 0,08
ontdekkingsdatum1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

57Mn

Massagetal57
neutron number32
relative atomic mass
56,938285944 ± 0,000001615 Da
g-factor
1,3924 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
85,4 ± 1,8 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,37 ± 0,03
ontdekkingsdatum1954
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

58Mn

Massagetal58
neutron number33
relative atomic mass
57,940066643 ± 0,0000029 Da
g-factor
2,623 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3 ± 0,1 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,03 ± 0,08
ontdekkingsdatum1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

59Mn

Massagetal59
neutron number34
relative atomic mass
58,940391111 ± 0,0000025 Da
g-factor
1,3976 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,59 ± 0,05 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,34 ± 0,03
ontdekkingsdatum1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

60Mn

Massagetal60
neutron number35
relative atomic mass
59,943136574 ± 0,0000025 Da
g-factor
2,488 ± 0,007
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
280 ± 20 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1 ± 0,2
ontdekkingsdatum1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

61Mn

Massagetal61
neutron number36
relative atomic mass
60,944452541 ± 0,0000025 Da
g-factor
1,4132 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
709 ± 8 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,36 ± 0,03
ontdekkingsdatum1980
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

62Mn

Massagetal62
neutron number37
relative atomic mass
61,947907384 ± 0,000007023 Da
g-factor
2,384 ± 0,007
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
92 ± 13 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1 ± 0,2
ontdekkingsdatum1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

63Mn

Massagetal63
neutron number38
relative atomic mass
62,949664672 ± 0,000004 Da
g-factor
1,3756 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
275 ± 4 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,48 ± 0,04
ontdekkingsdatum1985
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

64Mn

Massagetal64
neutron number39
relative atomic mass
63,953849369 ± 0,0000038 Da
g-factor
2,085 ± 0,003
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
88,8 ± 2,4 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.7%

65Mn

Massagetal65
neutron number40
relative atomic mass
64,956019749 ± 0,000004 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
91,9 ± 0,7 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1985
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7.9%

66Mn

Massagetal66
neutron number41
relative atomic mass
65,960546833 ± 0,000012 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
63,8 ± 0,9 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7.4%
2n (2-neutron emission)

67Mn

Massagetal67
neutron number42
relative atomic mass
66,96395 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
46,7 ± 2,3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)10%
2n (2-neutron emission)

68Mn

Massagetal68
neutron number43
relative atomic mass
67,968953 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
33,7 ± 1,5 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1995
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)18%
2n (2-neutron emission)

69Mn

Massagetal69
neutron number44
relative atomic mass
68,972775 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
22,1 ± 1,6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1995
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)40%
2n (2-neutron emission)

70Mn

Massagetal70
neutron number45
relative atomic mass
69,978046 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
19,9 ± 1,7 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2009
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

71Mn

Massagetal71
neutron number46
relative atomic mass
70,982158 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

72Mn

Massagetal72
neutron number47
relative atomic mass
71,988009 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2013
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

73Mn

Massagetal73
neutron number48
relative atomic mass
72,992807 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2017
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Manganese electrolytic and 1cm3 cube

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurJohann Gahn
ligging van ontdekkingSweden
ontdekkingsdatum1774
etimologieLatin: magnes (magnet); Italian: manganese.
uitspraakMAN-ge-nees (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
950 mg/kg
natural abundance (oseaan)
0,0002 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,00002 %
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
0,27 %
natural abundance (Son)
0,001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0008 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6043
2p3.916
2s7.2062
3d14.4718
3p12.8908
3s11.9821
4s19.7168