Manganès

Manganès (Mn)

chemical element, symbol Mn and atomic number 25
Atomic Number25
Atomic Weight54.938044
Rhif màs55
Group7
Period4
Blockd
Proton25 p+
Niwtron30 n0
Electron25 e-
Animated Bohr model of Mn (Manganès)

Nodwedd Ffisegol

Atomic Radius
140 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
119 pm
Metallic Radius
118 pm
ionic radius
66 pm
Crystal Radius
80 pm
Van der Waals radius
205 pm
density
7.3 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Manganès0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Nodwedd Gemegol

egni
proton affinity
797.3 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
7.434018 eV/particle
ionization energy of Mn (Manganès)
enthalpy of vaporization
221 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
13.4 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
283.3 kJ/mol
Electron
plisgyn yr electron2, 8, 13, 2
Bohr model: Mn (Manganès)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Mn (Manganès)
trefn yr electronnau[Ar] 3d5 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d5 4s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Mn (Manganès)
Orbital Diagram of Mn (Manganès)
Cyflwr ocsidiad-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Electronegatifedd
1.55
Electrophilicity Index
cyflwr sylfaenol mater
cyflwr materSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2,334.15 K
Melting Point
1,519.15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
4,325.15 K
triple point
appearance
lliw
Silver
appearancesilvery metallic
Mynegrif plygiant
nodwedd ffisegol gwrthrych
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0.0000217 1/K
molar heat capacity
26.32 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.479 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
dargludedd trydanol
0.62 MS/m
Gwrthedd
0.0000016 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0.000000121 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0.0000000066475 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0.00090387
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
100 K
strwythur
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic (CUB)
lattice constant
8.89 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
nodwedd mecanyddol deunyddiau
hardness
6 MPa
bulk modulus
120 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
198 GPa
Poisson's ratio
speed of sound
5,150 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIA
IUPAC GroupVIIB
Glawe Number72
Mendeleev Number55
Pettifor Number60
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
774.4 kJ/mol
polarizability
68 ± 9 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
552 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
13.3
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.0083
quantum number6S5/2
space group217 (I_43m)

Isotopes of Manganese

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes30
Natural Isotopes1

43Mn

Rhif màs43
neutron number18
relative atomic mass
43.018647 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

44Mn

Rhif màs44
neutron number19
relative atomic mass
44.008009 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

45Mn

Rhif màs45
neutron number20
relative atomic mass
44.994654 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

46Mn

Rhif màs46
neutron number21
relative atomic mass
45.986669 ± 0.000093 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
36.2 ± 0.4 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)57%
2p (2-proton emission)18%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)

47Mn

Rhif màs47
neutron number22
relative atomic mass
46.975774 ± 0.000034 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
88 ± 1.3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.7%

48Mn

Rhif màs48
neutron number23
relative atomic mass
47.96854876 ± 0.000007191 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
158.1 ± 2.2 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.28%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)6%

49Mn

Rhif màs49
neutron number24
relative atomic mass
48.95961335 ± 0.000002377 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
382 ± 7 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

50Mn

Rhif màs50
neutron number25
relative atomic mass
49.954238157 ± 0.000000123 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
283.21 ± 0.07 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

51Mn

Rhif màs51
neutron number26
relative atomic mass
50.94820877 ± 0.000000326 Da
g-factor
1.43 ± 0.0016
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
45.81 ± 0.21 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.41 ± 0.08
dyddiad darganfod1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

52Mn

Rhif màs52
neutron number27
relative atomic mass
51.94555909 ± 0.000000138 Da
g-factor
0.51036666666667 ± 0.0002
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
5.591 ± 0.003 d
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.5 ± 0.07
dyddiad darganfod1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

53Mn

Rhif màs53
neutron number28
relative atomic mass
52.941287497 ± 0.000000371 Da
g-factor
1.438 ± 0.0014285714285714
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
3.7 ± 0.4 My
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.17 ± 0.03
dyddiad darganfod1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

54Mn

Rhif màs54
neutron number29
relative atomic mass
53.940355772 ± 0.00000108 Da
g-factor
1.099 ± 0.001
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
312.081 ± 0.032 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.37 ± 0.03
dyddiad darganfod1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%
β (β decay)0.93%
e+ (positron emission)1.28%

55Mn

Rhif màs55
neutron number30
relative atomic mass
54.93804304 ± 0.000000279 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
100
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.33 ± 0.01
dyddiad darganfod1923
parity-

56Mn

Rhif màs56
neutron number31
relative atomic mass
55.938902816 ± 0.000000314 Da
g-factor
1.08 ± 0.00066666666666667
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.5789 ± 0.0001 h
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.24 ± 0.08
dyddiad darganfod1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

57Mn

Rhif màs57
neutron number32
relative atomic mass
56.938285944 ± 0.000001615 Da
g-factor
1.3924 ± 0.0008
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
85.4 ± 1.8 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.37 ± 0.03
dyddiad darganfod1954
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

58Mn

Rhif màs58
neutron number33
relative atomic mass
57.940066643 ± 0.0000029 Da
g-factor
2.623 ± 0.002
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
3 ± 0.1 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.03 ± 0.08
dyddiad darganfod1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

59Mn

Rhif màs59
neutron number34
relative atomic mass
58.940391111 ± 0.0000025 Da
g-factor
1.3976 ± 0.0012
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
4.59 ± 0.05 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.34 ± 0.03
dyddiad darganfod1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

60Mn

Rhif màs60
neutron number35
relative atomic mass
59.943136574 ± 0.0000025 Da
g-factor
2.488 ± 0.007
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
280 ± 20 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.1 ± 0.2
dyddiad darganfod1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

61Mn

Rhif màs61
neutron number36
relative atomic mass
60.944452541 ± 0.0000025 Da
g-factor
1.4132 ± 0.0008
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
709 ± 8 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.36 ± 0.03
dyddiad darganfod1980
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

62Mn

Rhif màs62
neutron number37
relative atomic mass
61.947907384 ± 0.000007023 Da
g-factor
2.384 ± 0.007
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
92 ± 13 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.1 ± 0.2
dyddiad darganfod1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

63Mn

Rhif màs63
neutron number38
relative atomic mass
62.949664672 ± 0.000004 Da
g-factor
1.3756 ± 0.0012
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
275 ± 4 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.48 ± 0.04
dyddiad darganfod1985
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

64Mn

Rhif màs64
neutron number39
relative atomic mass
63.953849369 ± 0.0000038 Da
g-factor
2.085 ± 0.003
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
88.8 ± 2.4 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.7%

65Mn

Rhif màs65
neutron number40
relative atomic mass
64.956019749 ± 0.000004 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
91.9 ± 0.7 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1985
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7.9%

66Mn

Rhif màs66
neutron number41
relative atomic mass
65.960546833 ± 0.000012 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
63.8 ± 0.9 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7.4%
2n (2-neutron emission)

67Mn

Rhif màs67
neutron number42
relative atomic mass
66.96395 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
46.7 ± 2.3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)10%
2n (2-neutron emission)

68Mn

Rhif màs68
neutron number43
relative atomic mass
67.968953 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
33.7 ± 1.5 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1995
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)18%
2n (2-neutron emission)

69Mn

Rhif màs69
neutron number44
relative atomic mass
68.972775 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
22.1 ± 1.6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1995
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)40%
2n (2-neutron emission)

70Mn

Rhif màs70
neutron number45
relative atomic mass
69.978046 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
19.9 ± 1.7 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2009
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

71Mn

Rhif màs71
neutron number46
relative atomic mass
70.982158 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

72Mn

Rhif màs72
neutron number47
relative atomic mass
71.988009 ± 0.000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2013
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

73Mn

Rhif màs73
neutron number48
relative atomic mass
72.992807 ± 0.000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2017
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Manganese electrolytic and 1cm3 cube

hanes

darganfyddwr neu ddyfeisiwrJohann Gahn
man darganfodSweden
dyddiad darganfod1774
geirdarddiadLatin: magnes (magnet); Italian: manganese.
ynganiadMAN-ge-nees (Saesneg)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
950 mg/kg
natural abundance (cefnfor)
0.0002 mg/L
natural abundance (corff dynol)
0.00002 %
natural abundance (Awyrfaen)
0.27 %
natural abundance (Haul)
0.001 %
Abundance in Universe
0.0008 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6043
2p3.916
2s7.2062
3d14.4718
3p12.8908
3s11.9821
4s19.7168