Mangan

Mangan (Mn)

chemical element, symbol Mn and atomic number 25
Atomic Number25
Atomic Weight54.938044
Nombor jisim55
Group7
Period4
Blockd
proton25 p+
neutron30 n0
Elektron25 e-
Animated Model Bohr of Mn (Mangan)

Sifat Fizikal

Jejari Atom
140 pm
molar volume
Jejari kovalen
119 pm
Metallic Radius
118 pm
ionic radius
66 pm
Crystal Radius
80 pm
Jejari van der Waals
205 pm
ketumpatan
7.3 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Mangan0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmJejari AtomJejari KovalenMetallic RadiusJejari van der Waals

Sifat Kimia

tenaga
proton affinity
797.3 kJ/mol
Pertalian elektron
ionization energy
7.434018 eV/particle
ionization energy of Mn (Mangan)
Entalpi pengewapan
221 kJ/mol
entalpi pelakuran
13.4 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
283.3 kJ/mol
Elektron
Petala elektron2, 8, 13, 2
Model Bohr: Mn (Mangan)
Elektron valens2
Teori ion Lewis: Mn (Mangan)
tatarajah elektron[Ar] 3d5 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d5 4s2
Enhanced Model Bohr of Mn (Mangan)
Orbital Diagram of Mn (Mangan)
Keadaan pengoksidaan-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Keelektronegatifan
1.55
Electrophilicity Index
keadaan jirim asas
fasa jirimSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2,334.15 K
Melting Point
1,519.15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
4,325.15 K
triple point
rupa
warna
Silver
rupasilvery metallic
indeks biasan
sifat bahan
Thermal Conductivity
Pengembangan terma
0.0000217 1/K
molar heat capacity
26.32 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.479 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Kekonduksian elektrik
0.62 MS/m
Kerintangan dan kekonduksian elektrik
0.0000016 m Ω
Kesuperkonduksian
kemagnetan
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0.000000121 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0.0000000066475 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0.00090387
magnetic ordering
Suhu Curie
Néel temperature
100 K
struktur
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic (CUB)
lattice constant
8.89 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
6 MPa
Modulus pukal
120 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
198 GPa
Nisbah Poisson
Kelajuan bunyi
5,150 m/s
pengelasan
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIA
IUPAC GroupVIIB
Glawe Number72
Mendeleev Number55
Pettifor Number60
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
774.4 kJ/mol
polarizability
68 ± 9 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
552 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
13.3
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.0083
Nombor kuantum6S5/2
space group217 (I_43m)

Isotopes of Manganese

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes30
Natural Isotopes1

43Mn

Nombor jisim43
nombor neutron18
jisim atom relatif
43.018647 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
p (proton emission)

44Mn

Nombor jisim44
nombor neutron19
jisim atom relatif
44.008009 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
p (proton emission)

45Mn

Nombor jisim45
nombor neutron20
jisim atom relatif
44.994654 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
p (proton emission)

46Mn

Nombor jisim46
nombor neutron21
jisim atom relatif
45.986669 ± 0.000093 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
36.2 ± 0.4 ms
Spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1987
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)57%
2p (2-proton emission)18%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)

47Mn

Nombor jisim47
nombor neutron22
jisim atom relatif
46.975774 ± 0.000034 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
88 ± 1.3 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1987
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.7%

48Mn

Nombor jisim48
nombor neutron23
jisim atom relatif
47.96854876 ± 0.000007191 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
158.1 ± 2.2 ms
Spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1987
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.28%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)6%

49Mn

Nombor jisim49
nombor neutron24
jisim atom relatif
48.95961335 ± 0.000002377 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
382 ± 7 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1970
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

50Mn

Nombor jisim50
nombor neutron25
jisim atom relatif
49.954238157 ± 0.000000123 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
283.21 ± 0.07 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1952
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

51Mn

Nombor jisim51
nombor neutron26
jisim atom relatif
50.94820877 ± 0.000000326 Da
g-factor
1.43 ± 0.0016
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
45.81 ± 0.21 m
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.41 ± 0.08
tarikh penemuan1938
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

52Mn

Nombor jisim52
nombor neutron27
jisim atom relatif
51.94555909 ± 0.000000138 Da
g-factor
0.51036666666667 ± 0.0002
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.591 ± 0.003 d
Spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.5 ± 0.07
tarikh penemuan1938
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

53Mn

Nombor jisim53
nombor neutron28
jisim atom relatif
52.941287497 ± 0.000000371 Da
g-factor
1.438 ± 0.0014285714285714
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.7 ± 0.4 My
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.17 ± 0.03
tarikh penemuan1955
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)100%

54Mn

Nombor jisim54
nombor neutron29
jisim atom relatif
53.940355772 ± 0.00000108 Da
g-factor
1.099 ± 0.001
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
312.081 ± 0.032 d
Spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.37 ± 0.03
tarikh penemuan1938
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)100%
β (β decay)0.93%
e+ (positron emission)1.28%

55Mn

Nombor jisim55
nombor neutron30
jisim atom relatif
54.93804304 ± 0.000000279 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
100
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.33 ± 0.01
tarikh penemuan1923
parity-

56Mn

Nombor jisim56
nombor neutron31
jisim atom relatif
55.938902816 ± 0.000000314 Da
g-factor
1.08 ± 0.00066666666666667
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.5789 ± 0.0001 h
Spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.24 ± 0.08
tarikh penemuan1934
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

57Mn

Nombor jisim57
nombor neutron32
jisim atom relatif
56.938285944 ± 0.000001615 Da
g-factor
1.3924 ± 0.0008
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
85.4 ± 1.8 s
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.37 ± 0.03
tarikh penemuan1954
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

58Mn

Nombor jisim58
nombor neutron33
jisim atom relatif
57.940066643 ± 0.0000029 Da
g-factor
2.623 ± 0.002
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3 ± 0.1 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.03 ± 0.08
tarikh penemuan1961
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

59Mn

Nombor jisim59
nombor neutron34
jisim atom relatif
58.940391111 ± 0.0000025 Da
g-factor
1.3976 ± 0.0012
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.59 ± 0.05 s
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.34 ± 0.03
tarikh penemuan1976
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

60Mn

Nombor jisim60
nombor neutron35
jisim atom relatif
59.943136574 ± 0.0000025 Da
g-factor
2.488 ± 0.007
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
280 ± 20 ms
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.1 ± 0.2
tarikh penemuan1978
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

61Mn

Nombor jisim61
nombor neutron36
jisim atom relatif
60.944452541 ± 0.0000025 Da
g-factor
1.4132 ± 0.0008
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
709 ± 8 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.36 ± 0.03
tarikh penemuan1980
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

62Mn

Nombor jisim62
nombor neutron37
jisim atom relatif
61.947907384 ± 0.000007023 Da
g-factor
2.384 ± 0.007
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
92 ± 13 ms
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.1 ± 0.2
tarikh penemuan1983
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

63Mn

Nombor jisim63
nombor neutron38
jisim atom relatif
62.949664672 ± 0.000004 Da
g-factor
1.3756 ± 0.0012
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
275 ± 4 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.48 ± 0.04
tarikh penemuan1985
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

64Mn

Nombor jisim64
nombor neutron39
jisim atom relatif
63.953849369 ± 0.0000038 Da
g-factor
2.085 ± 0.003
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
88.8 ± 2.4 ms
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1985
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.7%

65Mn

Nombor jisim65
nombor neutron40
jisim atom relatif
64.956019749 ± 0.000004 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
91.9 ± 0.7 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1985
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7.9%

66Mn

Nombor jisim66
nombor neutron41
jisim atom relatif
65.960546833 ± 0.000012 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
63.8 ± 0.9 ms
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1992
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7.4%
2n (2-neutron emission)

67Mn

Nombor jisim67
nombor neutron42
jisim atom relatif
66.96395 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
46.7 ± 2.3 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1997
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)10%
2n (2-neutron emission)

68Mn

Nombor jisim68
nombor neutron43
jisim atom relatif
67.968953 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
33.7 ± 1.5 ms
Spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1995
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)18%
2n (2-neutron emission)

69Mn

Nombor jisim69
nombor neutron44
jisim atom relatif
68.972775 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
22.1 ± 1.6 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1995
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)40%
2n (2-neutron emission)

70Mn

Nombor jisim70
nombor neutron45
jisim atom relatif
69.978046 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
19.9 ± 1.7 ms
Spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2009
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

71Mn

Nombor jisim71
nombor neutron46
jisim atom relatif
70.982158 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2010
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

72Mn

Nombor jisim72
nombor neutron47
jisim atom relatif
71.988009 ± 0.000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2013
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

73Mn

Nombor jisim73
nombor neutron48
jisim atom relatif
72.992807 ± 0.000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2017
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
Manganese electrolytic and 1cm3 cube

sejarah

penemu atau perekaJohann Gahn
tempat penemuanSweden
tarikh penemuan1774
EtimologiLatin: magnes (magnet); Italian: manganese.
sebutanMAN-ge-nees (Inggeris)

sumber

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
950 mg/kg
natural abundance (lautan)
0.0002 mg/L
natural abundance (Tubuh manusia)
0.00002 %
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0.27 %
natural abundance (Matahari)
0.001 %
Abundance in Universe
0.0008 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6043
2p3.916
2s7.2062
3d14.4718
3p12.8908
3s11.9821
4s19.7168