Molibden

Molibden (Mo)

chemical element with symbol Mo and atomic number 42
Atomski broj42
Relativna atomska masa95.95
Maseni broj98
Skupina6
Perioda5
Blokd
proton42 p+
neutron56 n0
elektron42 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Mo (Molibden)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
145 pm
Molni volumen
Kovalentni Radijus
138 pm
Metallic Radius
130 pm
Ionski radijus
69 pm
Crystal Radius
83 pm
Van der Waals radius
217 pm
gustoća
10,2 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Molibden0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmAtomski RadijusKovalentni RadijusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Kemijsko Svojstvo

energija
proton affinity
Elektronski afinitet
ionization energy
7,09243 eV/particle
ionization energy of Mo (Molibden)
Toplina isparivanja
590 kJ/mol
toplina taljenja
standard enthalpy of formation
658,98 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronska ljuska2, 8, 18, 13, 1
Bohrov model atoma: Mo (Molibden)
valence electron1
Lewis structure: Mo (Molibden)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d5 5s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d5 5s1
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Mo (Molibden)
Orbital Diagram of Mo (Molibden)
Oksidacijski broj-4, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Elektronegativnost
2.16
Electrophilicity Index
1,2111478608972754 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeČvrsto
gaseous state of matter
Vrelište
4.912,15 K
Talište
2.895,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Trojna točka
appearance
boja
Siva
appearancegray metallic
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Toplinska vodljivost
Toplinsko istezanje
0,0000048 1/K
molar heat capacity
24,06 J/(mol K)
Specifični toplinski kapacitet
0,251 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
20 MS/m
Električna otpornost i provodnost
0,00000004999999999997 m Ω
Supravodljivost
0,915 K
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Mass)
0,0000000117 m³/Kg
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Molar)
0,000000001122 m³/mol
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Volume)
0,0001203
magnetic ordering
Curieva temperatura
Néel temperature
struktura
Kristalna strukturaKubna prostorno centrirana (BCC)
lattice constant
3,15 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
5,5 MPa
bulk modulus
230 GPa
shear modulus
120 GPa
Youngov modul elastičnosti
329 GPa
Poissonov omjer
0,31
brzina zvuka
6.190 m/s
classification
KategorijaPrijelazni metali, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIA
IUPAC GroupVIB
Glawe Number56
Mendeleev Number52
Pettifor Number55
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
87 ± 6 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Nuklearni udarni presjek
2,6
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0009
Kvantni brojevi7S3
space group229 (Im_3m)

Isotopes of Molybdenum

Stabilni izotopi4
Nestabilni izotopi35
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition9824.29%9824.29%9515.87%9515.87%9616.67%9616.67%9214.65%9214.65%949.19%949.19%979.58%979.58%1009.74%1009.74%

81Mo

Maseni broj81
neutron number39
Relativna atomska masa
80,966226 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2013
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

82Mo

Maseni broj82
neutron number40
Relativna atomska masa
81,956661 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2013
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

83Mo

Maseni broj83
neutron number41
Relativna atomska masa
82,950252 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
23 ± 19 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1999
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

84Mo

Maseni broj84
neutron number42
Relativna atomska masa
83,941846 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,3 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1991
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

85Mo

Maseni broj85
neutron number43
Relativna atomska masa
84,938260736 ± 0,000017 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,2 ± 0,2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1992
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.14%

86Mo

Maseni broj86
neutron number44
Relativna atomska masa
85,931174092 ± 0,000003147 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
19,1 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1991
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

87Mo

Maseni broj87
neutron number45
Relativna atomska masa
86,928196198 ± 0,000003067 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
14,1 ± 0,3 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1977
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)15%

88Mo

Maseni broj88
neutron number46
Relativna atomska masa
87,921967779 ± 0,0000041 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1971
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

89Mo

Maseni broj89
neutron number47
Relativna atomska masa
88,919468149 ± 0,0000042 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,11 ± 0,1 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1980
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

90Mo

Maseni broj90
neutron number48
Relativna atomska masa
89,91393127 ± 0,000003717 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,56 ± 0,09 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1953
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

91Mo

Maseni broj91
neutron number49
Relativna atomska masa
90,91174519 ± 0,000006696 Da
g-factor
−0,20688888888889 ± 0,00066666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
15,49 ± 0,01 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1948
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

92Mo

Maseni broj92
neutron number50
Relativna atomska masa
91,906807153 ± 0,000000168 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
14,649 ± 0,106
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1930
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

93Mo

Maseni broj93
neutron number51
Relativna atomska masa
92,906808772 ± 0,000000193 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4 ± 0,8 ky
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1946
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

94Mo

Maseni broj94
neutron number52
Relativna atomska masa
93,905083586 ± 0,000000151 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
9,187 ± 0,033
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1930
Parnost+

95Mo

Maseni broj95
neutron number53
Relativna atomska masa
94,905837436 ± 0,000000132 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
15,873 ± 0,03
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,022 ± 0,001
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1930
Parnost+

96Mo

Maseni broj96
neutron number54
Relativna atomska masa
95,90467477 ± 0,000000128 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
16,673 ± 0,008
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1930
Parnost+

97Mo

Maseni broj97
neutron number55
Relativna atomska masa
96,906016903 ± 0,000000176 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
9,582 ± 0,015
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,255 ± 0,013
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1930
Parnost+

98Mo

Maseni broj98
neutron number56
Relativna atomska masa
97,905403609 ± 0,000000186 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
24,292 ± 0,08
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1930
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

99Mo

Maseni broj99
neutron number57
Relativna atomska masa
98,907707299 ± 0,000000245 Da
g-factor
0,75 ± 0,006
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
65,932 ± 0,005 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1948
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

100Mo

Maseni broj100
neutron number58
Relativna atomska masa
99,907467982 ± 0,000000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
9,744 ± 0,065
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,07 ± 0,14 Ey
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1930
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)100%

101Mo

Maseni broj101
neutron number59
Relativna atomska masa
100,910337648 ± 0,000000331 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
14,61 ± 0,03 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1941
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

102Mo

Maseni broj102
neutron number60
Relativna atomska masa
101,910293725 ± 0,000008916 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
11,3 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1954
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

103Mo

Maseni broj103
neutron number61
Relativna atomska masa
102,913091954 ± 0,0000099 Da
g-factor
−0,18 ± 0,013333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
67,5 ± 1,5 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1963
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

104Mo

Maseni broj104
neutron number62
Relativna atomska masa
103,913747443 ± 0,000009566 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
60 ± 2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1962
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

105Mo

Maseni broj105
neutron number63
Relativna atomska masa
104,916981989 ± 0,000009721 Da
g-factor
−0,22 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
36,3 ± 0,8 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1962
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

106Mo

Maseni broj106
neutron number64
Relativna atomska masa
105,918273231 ± 0,000009801 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,73 ± 0,12 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1969
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

107Mo

Maseni broj107
neutron number65
Relativna atomska masa
106,92211977 ± 0,000009901 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,5 ± 0,5 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1972
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

108Mo

Maseni broj108
neutron number66
Relativna atomska masa
107,924047508 ± 0,000009901 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,105 ± 0,01 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1972
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.5%

109Mo

Maseni broj109
neutron number67
Relativna atomska masa
108,928438318 ± 0,000012 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
700 ± 14 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1992
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.3%

110Mo

Maseni broj110
neutron number68
Relativna atomska masa
109,930717956 ± 0,000026 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
292 ± 7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1992
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2%

111Mo

Maseni broj111
neutron number69
Relativna atomska masa
110,935651966 ± 0,000013503 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
193,6 ± 4,4 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)12%

112Mo

Maseni broj112
neutron number70
Relativna atomska masa
111,938293 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
125 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

113Mo

Maseni broj113
neutron number71
Relativna atomska masa
112,943478 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
80 ± 2 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

114Mo

Maseni broj114
neutron number72
Relativna atomska masa
113,946666 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
58 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1997
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

115Mo

Maseni broj115
neutron number73
Relativna atomska masa
114,952174 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
45,5 ± 2 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

116Mo

Maseni broj116
neutron number74
Relativna atomska masa
115,955759 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
32 ± 4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

117Mo

Maseni broj117
neutron number75
Relativna atomska masa
116,961686 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
22 ± 5 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

118Mo

Maseni broj118
neutron number76
Relativna atomska masa
117,965249 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
21 ± 6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2015
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

119Mo

Maseni broj119
neutron number77
Relativna atomska masa
118,971465 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2018
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Molybdenum crystaline fragment and 1cm3 cube

povijest

otkrio/izumioCarl Wilhelm Scheele
location of discoverySweden
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1778
EtimologijaGreek: molybdos (lead).
pronunciationmeh-LIB-deh-nem (engleski)

source

Obilnost
Zastupljenost u Zemljinoj kori
1,2 mg/kg
natural abundance (ocean)
0,01 mg/L
natural abundance (tijelo)
0,00001 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,00012 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,0000009 %
Zastupljenost u svemiru
0,0000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.8744
2p4.0282
2s11.1232
3d14.7717
3p16.5264
3s16.0185
4d30.6076
4p27.0232
4s25.9036
5s35.894