Nîkel

Nîkel (Ni)

chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28
Atomic Number28
Atomic Weight58.6934
Hejmara baristeyî58
Group10
Period4
Blockd
Proton28 p+
Notron30 n0
Kareva28 e-
Animated Bohr model of Ni (Nîkel)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
135 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
110 pm
Metallic Radius
115 pm
ionic radius
55 pm
Crystal Radius
69 pm
Van der Waals radius
197 pm
density
8,9 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Nîkel0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

wize
proton affinity
737 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
7,639877 eV/particle
ionization energy of Ni (Nîkel)
enthalpy of vaporization
378,6 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
17,61 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
430,1 kJ/mol
Kareva
electron shell2, 8, 16, 2
Bohr model: Ni (Nîkel)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Ni (Nîkel)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d8 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d8 4s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Ni (Nîkel)
Orbital Diagram of Ni (Nîkel)
oxidation number-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
electronegativity
1.91
Electrophilicity Index
1,4915353151966217 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3.186,15 K
Melting Point
1.728,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
color
Gray
appearancelustrous, metallic, and silver with a gold tinge
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
90,9 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000134 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,07 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,444 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
14 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000007000000000002 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
typeferromagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
magnetic ordering
Germahiya Curie
631 K
Néel temperature
pêkhate
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
3,52 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
4 MPa
bulk modulus
180 GPa
shear modulus
76 GPa
Young's modulus
200 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,31
Leza dengê
4.970 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number69
Mendeleev Number67
Pettifor Number67
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
714,1 kJ/mol
polarizability
49 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
373 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
4,5
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0026
quantum number3F4
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Nickel

Stable Isotopes4
Unstable Isotopes31
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition5868.08%5868.08%6026.22%6026.22%623.63%623.63%611.14%611.14%640.93%640.93%

48Ni

Hejmara baristeyî48
neutron number20
Giraniya atomê
48,019515 ± 0,000455 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,8 ± 0,8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2000
parity+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)70%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)30%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

49Ni

Hejmara baristeyî49
neutron number21
Giraniya atomê
49,009157 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,5 ± 1 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1996
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)83.4%

50Ni

Hejmara baristeyî50
neutron number22
Giraniya atomê
49,996286 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
18,5 ± 1,2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)73%
2p (2-proton emission)14%

51Ni

Hejmara baristeyî51
neutron number23
Giraniya atomê
50,987493 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
23,8 ± 0,2 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)87.2%
2p (2-proton emission)0.5%

52Ni

Hejmara baristeyî52
neutron number24
Giraniya atomê
51,975781 ± 0,000089 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
41,8 ± 1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)31.1%

53Ni

Hejmara baristeyî53
neutron number25
Giraniya atomê
52,96819 ± 0,000027 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
55,2 ± 0,7 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)22.7%

54Ni

Hejmara baristeyî54
neutron number26
Giraniya atomê
53,957833 ± 0,000005 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
114,1 ± 0,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

55Ni

Hejmara baristeyî55
neutron number27
Giraniya atomê
54,951329846 ± 0,000000757 Da
g-factor
0,28 ± 0,0085714285714286
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
203,9 ± 1,3 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

56Ni

Hejmara baristeyî56
neutron number28
Giraniya atomê
55,942127761 ± 0,000000428 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,075 ± 0,01 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

57Ni

Hejmara baristeyî57
neutron number29
Giraniya atomê
56,939791394 ± 0,000000608 Da
g-factor
-0,53166666666667 ± 0,00093333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
35,6 ± 0,06 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

58Ni

Hejmara baristeyî58
neutron number30
Giraniya atomê
57,93534165 ± 0,000000374 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
68,0769 ± 0,019
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1921
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

59Ni

Hejmara baristeyî59
neutron number31
Giraniya atomê
58,934345442 ± 0,000000376 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
81 ± 5 ky
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

60Ni

Hejmara baristeyî60
neutron number32
Giraniya atomê
59,930785129 ± 0,000000378 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26,2231 ± 0,015
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1921
parity+

61Ni

Hejmara baristeyî61
neutron number33
Giraniya atomê
60,931054819 ± 0,000000381 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
1,1399 ± 0,0013
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,162 ± 0,015
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1934
parity-

62Ni

Hejmara baristeyî62
neutron number34
Giraniya atomê
61,928344753 ± 0,000000455 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
3,6345 ± 0,004
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1934
parity+

63Ni

Hejmara baristeyî63
neutron number35
Giraniya atomê
62,929669021 ± 0,000000457 Da
g-factor
0,992 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
101,2 ± 1,5 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

64Ni

Hejmara baristeyî64
neutron number36
Giraniya atomê
63,927966228 ± 0,000000497 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,9256 ± 0,0019
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1935
parity+

65Ni

Hejmara baristeyî65
neutron number37
Giraniya atomê
64,930084585 ± 0,000000518 Da
g-factor
0,276 ± 0,024
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,5175 ± 0,0005 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1946
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

66Ni

Hejmara baristeyî66
neutron number38
Giraniya atomê
65,929139333 ± 0,0000015 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
54,6 ± 0,3 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

67Ni

Hejmara baristeyî67
neutron number39
Giraniya atomê
66,931569413 ± 0,0000031 Da
g-factor
1,202 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21 ± 1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1978
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

68Ni

Hejmara baristeyî68
neutron number40
Giraniya atomê
67,931868787 ± 0,0000032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
29 ± 2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

69Ni

Hejmara baristeyî69
neutron number41
Giraniya atomê
68,935610267 ± 0,000004 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11,4 ± 0,3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1984
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

70Ni

Hejmara baristeyî70
neutron number42
Giraniya atomê
69,9364313 ± 0,000002301 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

71Ni

Hejmara baristeyî71
neutron number43
Giraniya atomê
70,940518962 ± 0,000002401 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,56 ± 0,03 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

72Ni

Hejmara baristeyî72
neutron number44
Giraniya atomê
71,941785924 ± 0,000002401 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,57 ± 0,05 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

73Ni

Hejmara baristeyî73
neutron number45
Giraniya atomê
72,946206681 ± 0,000002601 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
840 ± 30 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

74Ni

Hejmara baristeyî74
neutron number46
Giraniya atomê
73,947718 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
507,7 ± 4,6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

75Ni

Hejmara baristeyî75
neutron number47
Giraniya atomê
74,952506 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
331,6 ± 3,2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)10%

76Ni

Hejmara baristeyî76
neutron number48
Giraniya atomê
75,954707 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
234,6 ± 2,7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)14%

77Ni

Hejmara baristeyî77
neutron number49
Giraniya atomê
76,959903 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
158,9 ± 4,2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%
2n (2-neutron emission)

78Ni

Hejmara baristeyî78
neutron number50
Giraniya atomê
77,962555 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
122,2 ± 5,1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

79Ni

Hejmara baristeyî79
neutron number51
Giraniya atomê
78,969769 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
44 ± 8 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

80Ni

Hejmara baristeyî80
neutron number52
Giraniya atomê
79,975051 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30 ± 22 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2014
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

81Ni

Hejmara baristeyî81
neutron number53
Giraniya atomê
80,982727 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2017
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

82Ni

Hejmara baristeyî82
neutron number54
Giraniya atomê
81,988492 ± 0,000859 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2017
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Electrolytic nickel

dîrok

kaşîf an îcadkerAxel Cronstedt
location of discoverySweden
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1751
BêjenasîGerman: kupfernickel (false copper).
pronunciationNIK-l (îngilîzî)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (Okyanûs)
0,00056 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,00001 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
1,3 %
natural abundance (Roj)
0,008 %
Abundance in Universe
0,006 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6474
2p3.9048
2s7.7874
3d15.4705
3p13.915
3s13.039
4s22.2892