Fosfor

Fosfor (P)

chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15
Atomic Number15
Atomic Weight30.973761998
Hejmara baristeyî31
Group15
Period3
Blockp
Proton15 p+
Notron16 n0
Kareva15 e-
Animated Bohr model of P (Fosfor)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
100 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
111 pm
Metallic Radius
110 pm
ionic radius
44 pm
Crystal Radius
58 pm
Van der Waals radius
180 pm
density
1,823 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Fosfor0153045607590105120135150165180pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

wize
proton affinity
626,8 kJ/mol
electron affinity
0,746607 eV/particle
ionization energy
10,486686 eV/particle
ionization energy of P (Fosfor)
enthalpy of vaporization
49,8 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
2,51 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
316,5 kJ/mol
Kareva
electron shell2, 8, 5
Bohr model: P (Fosfor)
valence electron5
Lewis structure: P (Fosfor)
electron configuration[Ne] 3s2 3p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3
Enhanced Bohr model of P (Fosfor)
Orbital Diagram of P (Fosfor)
oxidation number-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
electronegativity
2.19
Electrophilicity Index
1,6194282359497416 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
553,65 K
Melting Point
317,3 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
994,15 K
triple point
appearance
color
Colorless
appearancecolourless, waxy white, yellow, scarlet, red, violet, black
refractive index
1,001212
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
23,824 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,769 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
10 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000001 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000113 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,00000000035 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000206
magnetic ordering
Germahiya Curie
Néel temperature
pêkhate
Crystal StructureSimple Triclinic (CUB)
lattice constant
7,17 Å
Lattice Angles1.25384, 1.57725, 1.24896
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
11 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
Leza dengê
classification
CategoryOther nonmetals, Nonmetals
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number89
Mendeleev Number94
Pettifor Number90
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
604,8 kJ/mol
polarizability
25 ± 1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
185 a₀
allotropeWhite Phosphorus, Red Phosphorus, Black Phosphorus
Neutron cross section
0,18
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0002
quantum number4S3/2
space group2 (P-1)

Isotopes of Phosphorus

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes23
Natural Isotopes1

24P

Hejmara baristeyî24
neutron number9
Giraniya atomê
24,036522 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

25P

Hejmara baristeyî25
neutron number10
Giraniya atomê
25,021675 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

26P

Hejmara baristeyî26
neutron number11
Giraniya atomê
26,01178 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
43,6 ± 0,3 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1983
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)35.1%
2p (2-proton emission)1.99%

27P

Hejmara baristeyî27
neutron number12
Giraniya atomê
26,999292499 ± 0,000009662 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
260 ± 80 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.07%

28P

Hejmara baristeyî28
neutron number13
Giraniya atomê
27,99232646 ± 0,000001231 Da
g-factor
0,104 ± 0,001
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
270,3 ± 0,5 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,137 ± 0,014
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0013%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.00086%

29P

Hejmara baristeyî29
neutron number14
Giraniya atomê
28,981800368 ± 0,000000385 Da
g-factor
2,4688 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,102 ± 0,004 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1941
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

30P

Hejmara baristeyî30
neutron number15
Giraniya atomê
29,97831349 ± 0,000000069 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,5 ± 0,0017 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

31P

Hejmara baristeyî31
neutron number16
Giraniya atomê
30,97376199768 ± 0,0000000008 Da
g-factor
2,26185 ± 0,00001
natural abundance
100
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1920
parity+

32P

Hejmara baristeyî32
neutron number17
Giraniya atomê
31,973907643 ± 0,000000042 Da
g-factor
-0,2528 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14,269 ± 0,007 d
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

33P

Hejmara baristeyî33
neutron number18
Giraniya atomê
32,971725692 ± 0,00000117 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25,35 ± 0,11 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

34P

Hejmara baristeyî34
neutron number19
Giraniya atomê
33,973645886 ± 0,00000087 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
12,43 ± 0,1 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1945
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

35P

Hejmara baristeyî35
neutron number20
Giraniya atomê
34,973314045 ± 0,000002003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
47,3 ± 0,8 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

36P

Hejmara baristeyî36
neutron number21
Giraniya atomê
35,97825961 ± 0,000014078 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,6 ± 0,3 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

37P

Hejmara baristeyî37
neutron number22
Giraniya atomê
36,979606942 ± 0,000040738 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,31 ± 0,13 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

38P

Hejmara baristeyî38
neutron number23
Giraniya atomê
37,984303105 ± 0,000077918 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
640 ± 140 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)12%

39P

Hejmara baristeyî39
neutron number24
Giraniya atomê
38,986285865 ± 0,000120929 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
282 ± 24 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%

40P

Hejmara baristeyî40
neutron number25
Giraniya atomê
39,991262221 ± 0,000089755 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
150 ± 8 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1979
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)15.8%
2n (2-neutron emission)

41P

Hejmara baristeyî41
neutron number26
Giraniya atomê
40,994654 ± 0,000129 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
101 ± 5 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)30%
2n (2-neutron emission)

42P

Hejmara baristeyî42
neutron number27
Giraniya atomê
42,00117214 ± 0,000101996 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
48,5 ± 1,5 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1979
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)50%
2n (2-neutron emission)

43P

Hejmara baristeyî43
neutron number28
Giraniya atomê
43,005411 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
35,8 ± 1,3 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)100%
2n (2-neutron emission)

44P

Hejmara baristeyî44
neutron number29
Giraniya atomê
44,011927 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
18,5 ± 2,5 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1989
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

45P

Hejmara baristeyî45
neutron number30
Giraniya atomê
45,017134 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

46P

Hejmara baristeyî46
neutron number31
Giraniya atomê
46,02452 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1990
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

47P

Hejmara baristeyî47
neutron number32
Giraniya atomê
47,030929 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Phosphor.JPG

dîrok

kaşîf an îcadkerHennig Brand
location of discoveryGermany
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1669
BêjenasîGreek: phosphoros, (bringer of light).
pronunciationFOS-fer-es (îngilîzî)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
1.050 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okyanûs)
0,06 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
1,1 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,11 %
natural abundance (Roj)
0,0007 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.4422
2p4.0388
2s5.175
3p10.1136
3s9.3582