Paladioa

Paladioa (Pd)

46 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number46
Atomic Weight106.42
masa-zenbaki106
Group10
Period5
Blockd
protoi46 p+
neutroi60 n0
elektroi46 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Pd (Paladioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
140 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
120 pm
Metallic Radius
128 pm
Erradio ioniko
59 pm
Crystal Radius
73 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
210 pm
dentsitatea
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Paladioa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
696 kJ/mol
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
8,33686 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Pd (Paladioa)
Irakite-entalpia
372,4 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
17,24 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
376,6 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 18
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Pd (Paladioa)
balentzia-elektroi10
Lewis egitura: Pd (Paladioa)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d10
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Pd (Paladioa)
Orbital Diagram of Pd (Paladioa)
Oxidazio-egoera0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Elektronegatibotasun
2.2
Electrophilicity Index
1,273169376998428 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
3.236,15 K
Melting Point
1.827,95 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Silver
appearancesilvery white
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
71,8 W/(m K)
Bero-dilatazio
0,0000118 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,98 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,246 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
10 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,0000001 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
typeparamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
0,0000000657 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
0,000000006992 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
0,0007899
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
3,89 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
4,75 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
180 GPa
Zizaila modulua
44 GPa
Youngen modulu
121 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,39
Soinuaren lastertasun
3.070 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number65
Mendeleev Number68
Pettifor Number69
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
673,4 kJ/mol
polarizability
26,14 ± 0,1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
6,9
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0023
zenbaki kuantiko1S0
talde espazial225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Palladium

Stable Isotopes4
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes6
Isotopic Composition10627.33%10627.33%10826.46%10826.46%10522.33%10522.33%10411.14%10411.14%11011.72%11011.72%1021.02%1021.02%

90Pd

masa-zenbaki90
neutron number44
atomo-masa erlatibo
89,95737 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2016
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
2p (2-proton emission)

91Pd

masa-zenbaki91
neutron number45
atomo-masa erlatibo
90,950435 ± 0,000454 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
32 ± 3 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)3.1%

92Pd

masa-zenbaki92
neutron number46
atomo-masa erlatibo
91,941192225 ± 0,000370402 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,06 ± 0,03 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.6%

93Pd

masa-zenbaki93
neutron number47
atomo-masa erlatibo
92,936680426 ± 0,000397221 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,17 ± 0,02 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7.4%

94Pd

masa-zenbaki94
neutron number48
atomo-masa erlatibo
93,929036286 ± 0,000004602 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,1 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.13%

95Pd

masa-zenbaki95
neutron number49
atomo-masa erlatibo
94,924888506 ± 0,000003253 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
7,4 ± 0,4 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.23%

96Pd

masa-zenbaki96
neutron number50
atomo-masa erlatibo
95,918213739 ± 0,000004502 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
122 ± 2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

97Pd

masa-zenbaki97
neutron number51
atomo-masa erlatibo
96,916471985 ± 0,0000052 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,1 ± 0,09 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

98Pd

masa-zenbaki98
neutron number52
atomo-masa erlatibo
97,912698335 ± 0,00000509 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
17,7 ± 0,4 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

99Pd

masa-zenbaki99
neutron number53
atomo-masa erlatibo
98,911773073 ± 0,000005482 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
21,4 ± 0,2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1955
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

100Pd

masa-zenbaki100
neutron number54
atomo-masa erlatibo
99,908520438 ± 0,000018934 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,63 ± 0,09 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

101Pd

masa-zenbaki101
neutron number55
atomo-masa erlatibo
100,908284824 ± 0,000004925 Da
g-factor
0,264 ± 0,008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,47 ± 0,06 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

102Pd

masa-zenbaki102
neutron number56
atomo-masa erlatibo
101,905632292 ± 0,000000449 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,02 ± 0,01
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

103Pd

masa-zenbaki103
neutron number57
atomo-masa erlatibo
102,906111074 ± 0,000000942 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
16,991 ± 0,019 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

104Pd

masa-zenbaki104
neutron number58
atomo-masa erlatibo
103,904030393 ± 0,000001434 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
11,14 ± 0,08
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1935
parity+

105Pd

masa-zenbaki105
neutron number59
atomo-masa erlatibo
104,905079479 ± 0,000001222 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
22,33 ± 0,08
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,66 ± 0,011
aurkikuntza-data1935
parity+

106Pd

masa-zenbaki106
neutron number60
atomo-masa erlatibo
105,903480287 ± 0,000001186 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
27,33 ± 0,03
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1935
parity+

107Pd

masa-zenbaki107
neutron number61
atomo-masa erlatibo
106,905128058 ± 0,000001289 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,5 ± 0,3 My
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

108Pd

masa-zenbaki108
neutron number62
atomo-masa erlatibo
107,903891806 ± 0,000001189 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26,46 ± 0,09
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1935
parity+

109Pd

masa-zenbaki109
neutron number63
atomo-masa erlatibo
108,905950576 ± 0,000001195 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
13,59 ± 0,12 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

110Pd

masa-zenbaki110
neutron number64
atomo-masa erlatibo
109,905172878 ± 0,000000657 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
11,72 ± 0,09
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

111Pd

masa-zenbaki111
neutron number65
atomo-masa erlatibo
110,907690358 ± 0,000000785 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
23,56 ± 0,09 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

112Pd

masa-zenbaki112
neutron number66
atomo-masa erlatibo
111,907330557 ± 0,000007027 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
21,04 ± 0,17 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

113Pd

masa-zenbaki113
neutron number67
atomo-masa erlatibo
112,910261912 ± 0,000007458 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
93 ± 5 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

114Pd

masa-zenbaki114
neutron number68
atomo-masa erlatibo
113,91036943 ± 0,000007459 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,42 ± 0,06 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

115Pd

masa-zenbaki115
neutron number69
atomo-masa erlatibo
114,913659333 ± 0,000014543 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
25 ± 2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1958
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

116Pd

masa-zenbaki116
neutron number70
atomo-masa erlatibo
115,914297872 ± 0,000007659 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
11,8 ± 0,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

117Pd

masa-zenbaki117
neutron number71
atomo-masa erlatibo
116,917955584 ± 0,000007788 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,3 ± 0,3 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

118Pd

masa-zenbaki118
neutron number72
atomo-masa erlatibo
117,919067273 ± 0,000002677 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,9 ± 0,1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

119Pd

masa-zenbaki119
neutron number73
atomo-masa erlatibo
118,923341138 ± 0,000008854 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
920 ± 80 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

120Pd

masa-zenbaki120
neutron number74
atomo-masa erlatibo
119,924551745 ± 0,000002464 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
492 ± 33 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1993
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.7%

121Pd

masa-zenbaki121
neutron number75
atomo-masa erlatibo
120,928950342 ± 0,0000036 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
290 ± 1 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.8%

122Pd

masa-zenbaki122
neutron number76
atomo-masa erlatibo
121,930631693 ± 0,000021 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
193 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.5%

123Pd

masa-zenbaki123
neutron number77
atomo-masa erlatibo
122,935126 ± 0,0008475 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
108 ± 1 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)10%

124Pd

masa-zenbaki124
neutron number78
atomo-masa erlatibo
123,937305 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
88 ± 15 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)17%

125Pd

masa-zenbaki125
neutron number79
atomo-masa erlatibo
124,942072 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
60 ± 6 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2008
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)12%

126Pd

masa-zenbaki126
neutron number80
atomo-masa erlatibo
125,944401 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
48,6 ± 0,8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2008
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)22%

127Pd

masa-zenbaki127
neutron number81
atomo-masa erlatibo
126,949307 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
38 ± 2 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)19%
2n (2-neutron emission)

128Pd

masa-zenbaki128
neutron number82
atomo-masa erlatibo
127,952345 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
35 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

129Pd

masa-zenbaki129
neutron number83
atomo-masa erlatibo
128,959334 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
31 ± 7 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2015
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

130Pd

masa-zenbaki130
neutron number84
atomo-masa erlatibo
129,964863 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

131Pd

masa-zenbaki131
neutron number85
atomo-masa erlatibo
130,972367 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Palladium 1-noReflection

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaWilliam Wollaston
aurkikuntzaren lekuaEngland
aurkikuntza-data1803
etimologiaNamed after the asteroid, Pallas, discovered in 1803.
pronunciationpeh-LAY-di-em (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,015 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,000066 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,0000003 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.9411
2p4.07
2s12.1172
3d14.5489
3p16.9804
3s16.7788
4d32.3824
4p28.2768
4s27.014