Paladyûm

Paladyûm (Pd)

chemical element with symbol Pd and atomic number 46
Atomic Number46
Atomic Weight106.42
Hejmara baristeyî106
Group10
Period5
Blockd
Proton46 p+
Notron60 n0
Kareva46 e-
Animated Bohr model of Pd (Paladyûm)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
140 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
120 pm
Metallic Radius
128 pm
ionic radius
59 pm
Crystal Radius
73 pm
Van der Waals radius
210 pm
density
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Paladyûm0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

wize
proton affinity
696 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
8,33686 eV/particle
ionization energy of Pd (Paladyûm)
enthalpy of vaporization
372,4 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
17,24 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
376,6 kJ/mol
Kareva
electron shell2, 8, 18, 18
Bohr model: Pd (Paladyûm)
valence electron10
Lewis structure: Pd (Paladyûm)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d10
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10
Enhanced Bohr model of Pd (Paladyûm)
Orbital Diagram of Pd (Paladyûm)
oxidation number0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
electronegativity
2.2
Electrophilicity Index
1,273169376998428 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3.236,15 K
Melting Point
1.827,95 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
color
Silver
appearancesilvery white
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
71,8 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000118 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,98 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,246 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
10 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000001 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000657 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000006992 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0007899
magnetic ordering
Germahiya Curie
Néel temperature
pêkhate
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
3,89 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
4,75 MPa
bulk modulus
180 GPa
shear modulus
44 GPa
Young's modulus
121 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,39
Leza dengê
3.070 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number65
Mendeleev Number68
Pettifor Number69
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
673,4 kJ/mol
polarizability
26,14 ± 0,1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
6,9
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0023
quantum number1S0
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Palladium

Stable Isotopes4
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes6
Isotopic Composition10627.33%10627.33%10826.46%10826.46%10522.33%10522.33%10411.14%10411.14%11011.72%11011.72%1021.02%1021.02%

90Pd

Hejmara baristeyî90
neutron number44
Giraniya atomê
89,95737 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2016
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
2p (2-proton emission)

91Pd

Hejmara baristeyî91
neutron number45
Giraniya atomê
90,950435 ± 0,000454 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
32 ± 3 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)3.1%

92Pd

Hejmara baristeyî92
neutron number46
Giraniya atomê
91,941192225 ± 0,000370402 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,06 ± 0,03 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.6%

93Pd

Hejmara baristeyî93
neutron number47
Giraniya atomê
92,936680426 ± 0,000397221 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,17 ± 0,02 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7.4%

94Pd

Hejmara baristeyî94
neutron number48
Giraniya atomê
93,929036286 ± 0,000004602 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,1 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.13%

95Pd

Hejmara baristeyî95
neutron number49
Giraniya atomê
94,924888506 ± 0,000003253 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,4 ± 0,4 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.23%

96Pd

Hejmara baristeyî96
neutron number50
Giraniya atomê
95,918213739 ± 0,000004502 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
122 ± 2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

97Pd

Hejmara baristeyî97
neutron number51
Giraniya atomê
96,916471985 ± 0,0000052 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,1 ± 0,09 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

98Pd

Hejmara baristeyî98
neutron number52
Giraniya atomê
97,912698335 ± 0,00000509 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
17,7 ± 0,4 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

99Pd

Hejmara baristeyî99
neutron number53
Giraniya atomê
98,911773073 ± 0,000005482 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21,4 ± 0,2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1955
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

100Pd

Hejmara baristeyî100
neutron number54
Giraniya atomê
99,908520438 ± 0,000018934 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,63 ± 0,09 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

101Pd

Hejmara baristeyî101
neutron number55
Giraniya atomê
100,908284824 ± 0,000004925 Da
g-factor
0,264 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,47 ± 0,06 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

102Pd

Hejmara baristeyî102
neutron number56
Giraniya atomê
101,905632292 ± 0,000000449 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,02 ± 0,01
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

103Pd

Hejmara baristeyî103
neutron number57
Giraniya atomê
102,906111074 ± 0,000000942 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
16,991 ± 0,019 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

104Pd

Hejmara baristeyî104
neutron number58
Giraniya atomê
103,904030393 ± 0,000001434 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
11,14 ± 0,08
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1935
parity+

105Pd

Hejmara baristeyî105
neutron number59
Giraniya atomê
104,905079479 ± 0,000001222 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
22,33 ± 0,08
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,66 ± 0,011
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1935
parity+

106Pd

Hejmara baristeyî106
neutron number60
Giraniya atomê
105,903480287 ± 0,000001186 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
27,33 ± 0,03
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1935
parity+

107Pd

Hejmara baristeyî107
neutron number61
Giraniya atomê
106,905128058 ± 0,000001289 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,5 ± 0,3 My
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

108Pd

Hejmara baristeyî108
neutron number62
Giraniya atomê
107,903891806 ± 0,000001189 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26,46 ± 0,09
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1935
parity+

109Pd

Hejmara baristeyî109
neutron number63
Giraniya atomê
108,905950576 ± 0,000001195 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
13,59 ± 0,12 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

110Pd

Hejmara baristeyî110
neutron number64
Giraniya atomê
109,905172878 ± 0,000000657 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
11,72 ± 0,09
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

111Pd

Hejmara baristeyî111
neutron number65
Giraniya atomê
110,907690358 ± 0,000000785 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
23,56 ± 0,09 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

112Pd

Hejmara baristeyî112
neutron number66
Giraniya atomê
111,907330557 ± 0,000007027 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21,04 ± 0,17 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

113Pd

Hejmara baristeyî113
neutron number67
Giraniya atomê
112,910261912 ± 0,000007458 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
93 ± 5 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

114Pd

Hejmara baristeyî114
neutron number68
Giraniya atomê
113,91036943 ± 0,000007459 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,42 ± 0,06 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

115Pd

Hejmara baristeyî115
neutron number69
Giraniya atomê
114,913659333 ± 0,000014543 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25 ± 2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1958
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

116Pd

Hejmara baristeyî116
neutron number70
Giraniya atomê
115,914297872 ± 0,000007659 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11,8 ± 0,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

117Pd

Hejmara baristeyî117
neutron number71
Giraniya atomê
116,917955584 ± 0,000007788 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,3 ± 0,3 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

118Pd

Hejmara baristeyî118
neutron number72
Giraniya atomê
117,919067273 ± 0,000002677 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,9 ± 0,1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

119Pd

Hejmara baristeyî119
neutron number73
Giraniya atomê
118,923341138 ± 0,000008854 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
920 ± 80 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

120Pd

Hejmara baristeyî120
neutron number74
Giraniya atomê
119,924551745 ± 0,000002464 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
492 ± 33 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1993
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.7%

121Pd

Hejmara baristeyî121
neutron number75
Giraniya atomê
120,928950342 ± 0,0000036 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
290 ± 1 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.8%

122Pd

Hejmara baristeyî122
neutron number76
Giraniya atomê
121,930631693 ± 0,000021 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
193 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.5%

123Pd

Hejmara baristeyî123
neutron number77
Giraniya atomê
122,935126 ± 0,0008475 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
108 ± 1 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)10%

124Pd

Hejmara baristeyî124
neutron number78
Giraniya atomê
123,937305 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
88 ± 15 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)17%

125Pd

Hejmara baristeyî125
neutron number79
Giraniya atomê
124,942072 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
60 ± 6 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2008
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)12%

126Pd

Hejmara baristeyî126
neutron number80
Giraniya atomê
125,944401 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
48,6 ± 0,8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2008
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)22%

127Pd

Hejmara baristeyî127
neutron number81
Giraniya atomê
126,949307 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
38 ± 2 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)19%
2n (2-neutron emission)

128Pd

Hejmara baristeyî128
neutron number82
Giraniya atomê
127,952345 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
35 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

129Pd

Hejmara baristeyî129
neutron number83
Giraniya atomê
128,959334 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
31 ± 7 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2015
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

130Pd

Hejmara baristeyî130
neutron number84
Giraniya atomê
129,964863 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

131Pd

Hejmara baristeyî131
neutron number85
Giraniya atomê
130,972367 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2018
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Palladium 1-noReflection

dîrok

kaşîf an îcadkerWilliam Wollaston
location of discoveryEngland
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1803
BêjenasîNamed after the asteroid, Pallas, discovered in 1803.
pronunciationpeh-LAY-di-em (îngilîzî)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,015 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okyanûs)
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000066 %
natural abundance (Roj)
0,0000003 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.9411
2p4.07
2s12.1172
3d14.5489
3p16.9804
3s16.7788
4d32.3824
4p28.2768
4s27.014