Polonium

Polonium (Po)

chemical element with symbol Po and atomic number 84
Atomic Number84
Atomic Weight209
Massagetal186
Group16
Period6
Blockp
proton84 p+
neutron102 n0
elektron84 e-
Animated Bohr model of Po (Polonium)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
190 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
145 pm
Metallic Radius
Ioonradius
94 pm
Crystal Radius
108 pm
Van der Waals radius
197 pm
density
9,2 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Polonium0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200pmAtoomradiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
ionization energy of Po (Polonium)
Verdampingswarmte
102,9 kJ/mol
smeltingswarmte
Vormingsentalpie
elektron
Elektronskil2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 6
Bohr model: Po (Polonium)
Valenselektrone6
Lewisteorie: Po (Polonium)
elektronkonfigurasie[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p4
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p4
Enhanced Bohr model of Po (Polonium)
Orbital Diagram of Po (Polonium)
Oksidasietoestand-2, 2, 4, 5, 6
Elektronegatiwiteit
2
Electrophilicity Index
2,0413454866441514 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1 235,15 K
Melting Point
527,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
kleur
Silver
appearancesilvery
Brekingsindeks
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Geleidingsvermoë
2,3 MS/m
Elektriese resistiwiteit
0,00000043 m Ω
superconductivity
Magnetisme
type
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureSimple Cubic (SC)
lattice constant
3,35 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
Massamodulus
Skuifmodulus
Young se modulus
Poisson se verhouding
Spoed van klank
classification
CategoryMetalloids, Metalloids
CAS GroupVIB
IUPAC GroupVIA
Glawe Number93
Mendeleev Number103
Pettifor Number91
Geochemical ClassU/Th decay series
Goldschmidt classificationsynthetic

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
44 ± 4 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotropeAlpha Polonium, Beta Polonium
Neutron cross section
0,5
Neutron Mass Absorption
quantum number3P2
Ruimtegroep221 (Pm-3m)

Isotopes of Polonium

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes42
Natural Isotopes0

186Po

Massagetal186
neutron number102
relative atomic mass
186,004403174 ± 0,000019622 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
34 ± 12 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2005
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
p (proton emission)

187Po

Massagetal187
neutron number103
relative atomic mass
187,003031482 ± 0,00003503 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,4 ± 0,25 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2005
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

188Po

Massagetal188
neutron number104
relative atomic mass
187,999415586 ± 0,000021438 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
270 ± 30 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

189Po

Massagetal189
neutron number105
relative atomic mass
188,998473425 ± 0,000023681 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,5 ± 0,5 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1999
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

190Po

Massagetal190
neutron number106
relative atomic mass
189,995101731 ± 0,000014131 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,45 ± 0,05 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1996
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

191Po

Massagetal191
neutron number107
relative atomic mass
190,994558494 ± 0,000007624 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
22 ± 1 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1993
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

192Po

Massagetal192
neutron number108
relative atomic mass
191,991340274 ± 0,000011416 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
32,2 ± 0,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

193Po

Massagetal193
neutron number109
relative atomic mass
192,991062421 ± 0,000015599 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
399 ± 34 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-1,3 ± 0,3
ontdekkingsdatum1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

194Po

Massagetal194
neutron number110
relative atomic mass
193,988186058 ± 0,00001386 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
392 ± 4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

195Po

Massagetal195
neutron number111
relative atomic mass
194,988065781 ± 0,000006486 Da
g-factor
-0,4 ± 0,026666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,64 ± 0,09 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,9 ± 0,3
ontdekkingsdatum1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)94%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

196Po

Massagetal196
neutron number112
relative atomic mass
195,985540722 ± 0,000005778 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,63 ± 0,07 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)94%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

197Po

Massagetal197
neutron number113
relative atomic mass
196,985621939 ± 0,000010585 Da
g-factor
-0,58666666666667 ± 0,046666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
53,6 ± 0,9 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,4 ± 0,2
ontdekkingsdatum1965
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)44%

198Po

Massagetal198
neutron number114
relative atomic mass
197,983388753 ± 0,000018705 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,76 ± 0,024 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)57%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)43%

199Po

Massagetal199
neutron number115
relative atomic mass
198,983640445 ± 0,000005828 Da
g-factor
-0,60666666666667 ± 0,046666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,47 ± 0,15 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,27 ± 0,15
ontdekkingsdatum1965
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)92.5%
α (α emission)7.5%

200Po

Massagetal200
neutron number116
relative atomic mass
199,981812355 ± 0,000008136 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
11,51 ± 0,08 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88.9%
α (α emission)11.1%

201Po

Massagetal201
neutron number117
relative atomic mass
200,982263799 ± 0,000005305 Da
g-factor
-0,65333333333333 ± 0,046666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
15,6 ± 0,1 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1 ± 0,1
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)98.87%
α (α emission)1.13%

202Po

Massagetal202
neutron number118
relative atomic mass
201,980738934 ± 0,000009307 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
44,6 ± 0,4 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)98.08%
α (α emission)1.92%

203Po

Massagetal203
neutron number119
relative atomic mass
202,981416072 ± 0,000004981 Da
g-factor
0,296 ± 0,02
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
36,7 ± 0,5 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,17 ± 0,1
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.89%
α (α emission)0.11%

204Po

Massagetal204
neutron number120
relative atomic mass
203,980310078 ± 0,000010811 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,519 ± 0,012 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.33%
α (α emission)0.67%

205Po

Massagetal205
neutron number121
relative atomic mass
204,981190006 ± 0,000010798 Da
g-factor
0,304 ± 0,024
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,74 ± 0,08 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.96%
α (α emission)0.04%

206Po

Massagetal206
neutron number122
relative atomic mass
205,980473662 ± 0,000004306 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
8,8 ± 0,1 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)94.55%
α (α emission)5.45%

207Po

Massagetal207
neutron number123
relative atomic mass
206,981593334 ± 0,000007148 Da
g-factor
0,316 ± 0,024
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,8 ± 0,02 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,28 ± 0,03
ontdekkingsdatum1947
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.021%

208Po

Massagetal208
neutron number124
relative atomic mass
207,981246035 ± 0,000001795 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,898 ± 0,002 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)0.0042%

209Po

Massagetal209
neutron number125
relative atomic mass
208,982430361 ± 0,000001909 Da
g-factor
1,36 ± 0,16
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
124 ± 3 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1949
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)99.546%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)0.454%

210Po

Massagetal210
neutron number126
relative atomic mass
209,982873686 ± 0,00000123 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
138,376 ± 0,002 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1898
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

211Po

Massagetal211
neutron number127
relative atomic mass
210,986653171 ± 0,000001347 Da
g-factor
-0,26666666666667 ± 0,017777777777778
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
516 ± 3 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,77 ± 0,15
ontdekkingsdatum1913
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

212Po

Massagetal212
neutron number128
relative atomic mass
211,988867982 ± 0,000001237 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
294,4 ± 0,8 ns
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1906
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

213Po

Massagetal213
neutron number129
relative atomic mass
212,992857154 ± 0,000003277 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,705 ± 0,001 us
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

214Po

Massagetal214
neutron number130
relative atomic mass
213,995201287 ± 0,000001556 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
163,47 ± 0,03 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1912
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

215Po

Massagetal215
neutron number131
relative atomic mass
214,999418385 ± 0,000002276 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,781 ± 0,005 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1911
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β (β decay)2.3%

216Po

Massagetal216
neutron number132
relative atomic mass
216,001913416 ± 0,000001948 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
144 ± 0,6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1910
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
(double β decay)

217Po

Massagetal217
neutron number133
relative atomic mass
217,006316145 ± 0,000007025 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,53 ± 0,05 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1956
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)97.5%
β (β decay)2.5%

218Po

Massagetal218
neutron number134
relative atomic mass
218,008971234 ± 0,000002112 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,097 ± 0,012 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1904
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)99.98%
β (β decay)0.02%

219Po

Massagetal219
neutron number135
relative atomic mass
219,013614 ± 0,000017 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
10,3 ± 1 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1998
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)71.8%
α (α emission)28.2%

220Po

Massagetal220
neutron number136
relative atomic mass
220,016386 ± 0,000019 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1998
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

221Po

Massagetal221
neutron number137
relative atomic mass
221,021228 ± 0,000021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,2 ± 0,7 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

222Po

Massagetal222
neutron number138
relative atomic mass
222,02414 ± 0,000043 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
9,1 ± 7,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

223Po

Massagetal223
neutron number139
relative atomic mass
223,02907 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

224Po

Massagetal224
neutron number140
relative atomic mass
224,03211 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

225Po

Massagetal225
neutron number141
relative atomic mass
225,037123 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

226Po

Massagetal226
neutron number142
relative atomic mass
226,04031 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

227Po

Massagetal227
neutron number143
relative atomic mass
227,04539 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
2019-11-22 Spark plugs and static eliminators with radioactive polonium at museum display
671067N
Electron shell 084 polonium
Polonium spectrum visible

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurPierre and Marie Curie
ligging van ontdekkingFrance
ontdekkingsdatum1898
etimologieNamed for Poland, native country of Marie Curie.
uitspraakpeh-LOW-ni-em (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,0000000002 mg/kg
natural abundance (oseaan)
0,000000000000015 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0 %
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
natural abundance (Son)
Abundance in Universe
0 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.6232
2p4.5428
2s22.0782
3d13.428
3p23.2851
3s24.3813
4d36.3328
4f37.8416
4p36.3328
4s35.4784
5d58.696
5p53.9755
5s51.977
6p69.7794
6s67.6692