Platinum

Platinum (Pt)

Platinum is the 78th element in the periodic table and has a symbol of Pt and atomic number of 78. It has an atomic weight of 195.084 and a mass number of 195. Platinum has seventy-eight protons and one hundred seventeen neutrons in its nucleus, and seventy-eight electrons in six shells. It is located in group ten, period six and block d of the periodic table. Attractive greyish-white metal. When pure, it is malleable and ductile. Does not oxidize in air, insoluble in hydrochloric and nitric acid. Corroded by halogens, cyandies, sulphur and alkalis. Hydrogen and Oxygen react explosively in the presence of platinumpy. There are six stable isotopes and three radioisotopes, the most stable being Pt-193 with a half-life of 60 years. Platinum is used in jewelry, laboratory equipment, electrical contacts, dentistry, and anti-pollution devices in cars. PtCl2(NH3)2 is used to treat some forms of cancer. Platinum-Cobalt alloys have magnetic properties. It is also used in the definition of the Standard Hydrogen Electrode. Discovered by Antonio de Ulloa in South America in 1735. The name comes from the Spanish word platina which means silver. Platinum metal is generally not a health concern due to its unreactivity, however platinum compounds should be considered highly toxic.
Atomic Number78
Atomic Weight195.084
Mass Number195
Group10
Period6
Blockd
Protons78 p+
Neutrons117 n0
Electrons78 e-
Animated Bohr Model of Pt (Platinum)

Physical Properties

Atomic Radius
135 pm
Molar Volume
Covalent Radius
123 pm
Metallic Radius
130 pm
Ionic Radius
60 pm
Crystal Radius
74 pm
Van der Waals Radius
213 pm
Density
21.5 g/cm³
Atomic Radii of the Elements: Platinum0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals Radius

Chemical Properties

Energy
Proton Affinity
Electron Affinity
Ionization Energy
8.95883 eV/particle
Ionization Energies of Pt (Platinum)
Heat of Vaporization
470 kJ/mol
Heat of Fusion
21.76 kJ/mol
Heat of Formation
565.7 kJ/mol
Electrons
Electron Shells2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1
Bohr Model: Pt (Platinum)
Valence Electrons1
Lewis Structure: Pt (Platinum)
Electron Configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d9 6s1
Enhanced Bohr Model of Pt (Platinum)
Orbital Diagram of Pt (Platinum)
Oxidation States-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Electronegativity
2.2
Electrophilicity Index
2.249320350691278 eV/particle
States of Matter
PhaseSolid
Gas Phase
Boiling Point
4,098.15 K
Melting Point
2,041.35 K
Critical Pressure
Critical Temperature
Triple Point
Visual

Platinum is a Gray. Pt has a CPK of #ff1493, Jmol of #d0d0e0, and MOLCAS GV of #d0d0e0. The Appearance of Element 78 is silvery white.

Color
Gray
Appearancesilvery white
Refractive Index
Thermodynamic Properties
Thermal Conductivity
71.6 W/(m K)
Thermal Expansion
0.0000089 1/K
Molar Heat Capacity
25.86 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.133 J/(g⋅K)
Heat Capacity Ratio (Adiabatic Index)
Electrical Properties
TypeConductor
Electrical Conductivity
9.4 MS/m
Electrical Resistivity
0.00000011 m Ω
Superconducting Point
Magnetism
Typeparamagnetic
Magnetic Susceptibility (Mass)
0.0000000122 m³/Kg
Magnetic Susceptibility (Molar)
0.00000000238 m³/mol
Magnetic Susceptibility (Volume)
0.0002573
Magnetic Ordering
Curie Point
Neel Point
Structure

The Crystal Structure of Platinum is FCC. The lattice constant of Pt is 3.92 Å. The lattice angles of Element 78 are π/2, π/2, π/2.

Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
Lattice Constant
3.92 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
Mechanical Properties

Platinum has a Brinell of 392 MPa, Mohs hardness of 3.5 MPa, and Vickers of 549 MPa. The Bulk Modulus of Pt is 230 GPa. The Shear Modulus of Element 78 is 61 GPa. The Young Modulus of Platinum (Pt) is 168 GPa. The Poisson Ratio of Platinum is 0.38. The Speed of Sound of Pt is 2680 m/s.

Hardness
3.5 MPa
Bulk Modulus
230 GPa
Shear Modulus
61 GPa
Young's Modulus
168 GPa
Poisson Ratio
0.38
Speed of Sound
2,680 m/s
Classification

The CAS Group of Platinum is VIIIA. The IUPAC Group of Pt is VIII. The Glawe Number of Element 78 is 64. The Mendeleev Number of Platinum (Pt) is 69. The Pettifor Number of Platinum is 68. The Geochemical Class of Pt is noble metal. The Goldschmidt Class of Element 78 is siderophile.

CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number64
Mendeleev Number69
Pettifor Number68
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt Classsiderophile

Other

The Dipole Polarizability of Platinum is 48 plus or minus 4 a₀. Pt has a C6 Dispersion Coefficient (GB) of 470 a₀. The Allotropes of Element 78 is . The Neutron Cross Section of Platinum (Pt) is 10. The Neutron Mass Absorption of Platinum is 0.002. The Quantum Numbers of Pt is 3D3. The Space Group of Element 78 is 225 (Fm_3m).

Gas Basicity
Dipole Polarizability
48 ± 4 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
Allotropes
Neutron Cross Section
10
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.002
Quantum Numbers3D3
Space Group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Platinum

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes42
Natural Isotopes6
Isotopic Composition19432.86%19432.86%19533.78%19533.78%19625.21%19625.21%1987.36%1987.36%1900.01%1900.01%1920.78%1920.78%

165Pt

Mass Number165
Neutron Number87
Relative Atomic Mass
164.999658 ± 0.000429 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
370 ± 180 us
Spin7/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year2019
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)100%

166Pt

Mass Number166
Neutron Number88
Relative Atomic Mass
165.994866 ± 0.000322 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
294 ± 62 us
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1996
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)100%

167Pt

Mass Number167
Neutron Number89
Relative Atomic Mass
166.99275 ± 0.000329 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
915 ± 123 us
Spin7/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1996
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)100%

168Pt

Mass Number168
Neutron Number90
Relative Atomic Mass
167.988180196 ± 0.00016096 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
2.02 ± 0.1 ms
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1981
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

169Pt

Mass Number169
Neutron Number91
Relative Atomic Mass
168.986619 ± 0.000215 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
6.99 ± 0.09 ms
Spin7/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1981
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

170Pt

Mass Number170
Neutron Number92
Relative Atomic Mass
169.982502087 ± 0.000019588 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
13.93 ± 0.16 ms
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1981
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

171Pt

Mass Number171
Neutron Number93
Relative Atomic Mass
170.981248868 ± 0.000086904 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
45.5 ± 2.5 ms
Spin7/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1981
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)86%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

172Pt

Mass Number172
Neutron Number94
Relative Atomic Mass
171.977341059 ± 0.000011139 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
97.6 ± 1.3 ms
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1981
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)96%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

173Pt

Mass Number173
Neutron Number95
Relative Atomic Mass
172.976449922 ± 0.000068096 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
382 ± 2 ms
Spin5/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1966
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)86%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

174Pt

Mass Number174
Neutron Number96
Relative Atomic Mass
173.972820431 ± 0.000011098 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
862 ± 8 ms
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1966
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)74.9%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

175Pt

Mass Number175
Neutron Number97
Relative Atomic Mass
174.972400593 ± 0.000019982 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
2.43 ± 0.04 s
Spin7/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1966
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)64%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

176Pt

Mass Number176
Neutron Number98
Relative Atomic Mass
175.968938162 ± 0.000013647 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
6.33 ± 0.15 s
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1966
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)40%

177Pt

Mass Number177
Neutron Number99
Relative Atomic Mass
176.968469541 ± 0.00001609 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
10 ± 0.4 s
Spin5/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1966
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)94.3%
α (α emission)5.7%

178Pt

Mass Number178
Neutron Number100
Relative Atomic Mass
177.965649288 ± 0.000010878 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
20.7 ± 0.7 s
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1966
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)92.3%
α (α emission)7.7%

179Pt

Mass Number179
Neutron Number101
Relative Atomic Mass
178.965358742 ± 0.000008563 Da
G-Factor
0.86 ± 0.06
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
21.2 ± 0.4 s
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1966
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.24%

180Pt

Mass Number180
Neutron Number102
Relative Atomic Mass
179.96303801 ± 0.00001079 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
56 ± 3 s
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1966
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.48%
α (α emission)0.52%

181Pt

Mass Number181
Neutron Number103
Relative Atomic Mass
180.963089946 ± 0.000014695 Da
G-Factor
0.96 ± 0.04
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
52 ± 2.2 s
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1966
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.074%

182Pt

Mass Number182
Neutron Number104
Relative Atomic Mass
181.961171605 ± 0.000014057 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
2.67 ± 0.12 m
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1963
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)0.962%
α (α emission)0.038%

183Pt

Mass Number183
Neutron Number105
Relative Atomic Mass
182.961595895 ± 0.000015261 Da
G-Factor
1 ± 0.01
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
6.5 ± 1 m
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1963
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0096%

184Pt

Mass Number184
Neutron Number106
Relative Atomic Mass
183.959921929 ± 0.000015828 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
17.3 ± 0.2 m
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1963
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0017%

185Pt

Mass Number185
Neutron Number107
Relative Atomic Mass
184.960613659 ± 0.000027731 Da
G-Factor
-0.16 ± 0.0024444444444444
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
70.9 ± 2.4 m
Spin9/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1960
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.005%

186Pt

Mass Number186
Neutron Number108
Relative Atomic Mass
185.959350845 ± 0.000023344 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
2.08 ± 0.05 h
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1961
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)1.4%

187Pt

Mass Number187
Neutron Number109
Relative Atomic Mass
186.960616646 ± 0.000025837 Da
G-Factor
-0.26466666666667 ± 0.0053333333333333
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
2.35 ± 0.03 h
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1961
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

188Pt

Mass Number188
Neutron Number110
Relative Atomic Mass
187.959397521 ± 0.000005694 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
10.16 ± 0.18 d
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1954
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%
α (α emission)2.6%

189Pt

Mass Number189
Neutron Number111
Relative Atomic Mass
188.960848485 ± 0.000010832 Da
G-Factor
-0.292 ± 0.0053333333333333
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
10.87 ± 0.12 h
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1955
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

190Pt

Mass Number190
Neutron Number112
Relative Atomic Mass
189.959949823 ± 0.000000705 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
0.012 ± 0.002
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
483 ± 3 Gy
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1949
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)100%
+ (double β+ decay)

191Pt

Mass Number191
Neutron Number113
Relative Atomic Mass
190.961676261 ± 0.00000443 Da
G-Factor
-0.33266666666667 ± 0.0033333333333333
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
2.83 ± 0.02 d
Spin3/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1948
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

192Pt

Mass Number192
Neutron Number114
Relative Atomic Mass
191.961042667 ± 0.000002758 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
0.782 ± 0.024
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1935
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)

193Pt

Mass Number193
Neutron Number115
Relative Atomic Mass
192.962984546 ± 0.000001458 Da
G-Factor
1.202 ± 0.016
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
50 ± 6 y
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1948
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

194Pt

Mass Number194
Neutron Number116
Relative Atomic Mass
193.962683498 ± 0.000000532 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
32.864 ± 0.41
RadioactivityStable
Half LifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1935
Parity+

195Pt

Mass Number195
Neutron Number117
Relative Atomic Mass
194.964794325 ± 0.00000054 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
33.775 ± 0.24
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1935
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
α (α emission)

196Pt

Mass Number196
Neutron Number118
Relative Atomic Mass
195.964954648 ± 0.000000547 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
25.211 ± 0.34
RadioactivityStable
Half LifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1935
Parity+

197Pt

Mass Number197
Neutron Number119
Relative Atomic Mass
196.96734303 ± 0.000000575 Da
G-Factor
1.02 ± 0.04
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
19.8915 ± 0.0019 h
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1936
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

198Pt

Mass Number198
Neutron Number120
Relative Atomic Mass
197.967896718 ± 0.000002254 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
7.356 ± 0.13
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1935
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
(double β decay)
α (α emission)

199Pt

Mass Number199
Neutron Number121
Relative Atomic Mass
198.970597022 ± 0.000002317 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
30.8 ± 0.21 m
Spin5/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1937
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

200Pt

Mass Number200
Neutron Number122
Relative Atomic Mass
199.971444609 ± 0.000021588 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
12.6 ± 0.3 h
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1957
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

201Pt

Mass Number201
Neutron Number123
Relative Atomic Mass
200.974513305 ± 0.000053788 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
2.5 ± 0.1 m
Spin5/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year1962
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

202Pt

Mass Number202
Neutron Number124
Relative Atomic Mass
201.975639 ± 0.000027 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
44 ± 15 h
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year1992
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

203Pt

Mass Number203
Neutron Number125
Relative Atomic Mass
202.979055 ± 0.000215 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
22 ± 4 s
Spin1/2
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year2008
Parity-

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

204Pt

Mass Number204
Neutron Number126
Relative Atomic Mass
203.981084 ± 0.000215 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
10.3 ± 1.4 s
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year2008
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)100%

205Pt

Mass Number205
Neutron Number127
Relative Atomic Mass
204.986237 ± 0.000322 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin9/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year2009
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)

206Pt

Mass Number206
Neutron Number128
Relative Atomic Mass
205.99008 ± 0.000322 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year2012
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

207Pt

Mass Number207
Neutron Number129
Relative Atomic Mass
206.995556 ± 0.000429 Da
G-Factor
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin9/2
Quadrupole Moment
Discovery Year2012
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

208Pt

Mass Number208
Neutron Number130
Relative Atomic Mass
207.999463 ± 0.000429 Da
G-Factor
0
Abundance
Radioactivity☢️ Radioactive
Half Life
Spin0
Quadrupole Moment
0
Discovery Year2012
Parity+

Decay ModeIntensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Platinum crystals

History

Platinum was first used by pre-Columbian South American natives to produce artifacts. Antonio de Ulloa published his findings about platinum in 1748, but Sir Charles Wood also investigated the metal in 1741. First reference to it as a new metal was made by William Brownrigg in 1750. From the Spanish word platina, meaning silver

DiscoverersJulius Scaliger
Discovery LocationItaly
Discovery Year1735
Etymology (Name Origin)Spanish: platina (little silver).
PronunciationPLAT-n-em (English)
Platinum is considered to be non-toxic
Platinum exists in higher abundances on the Moon and in meteorites

Uses

The most common use of platinum is as a catalyst in chemical reactions. Platinum is used in jewelry, decoration and dental work. Platinum-cobalt, an alloy of roughly three parts platinum and one part cobalt, is used to make relatively strong permanent magnets. Platinum-based anodes are used in ships, pipelines, and steel piers. Used in jewelry, to make crucible and special containers and as a catalyst. Used with cobalt to produce very strong magnets. Also to make standard weights and measures. Resists corrosion and acid attacks except aqua regia.

Sources

Produced from deposits of native, or elemental, platinum.

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0.005 mg/kg
Natural Abundance (Oceans)
Natural Abundance (Human Body)
Natural Abundance (Meteor)
0.000098 %
Natural Abundance (Sun)
0.0000009 %
Abundance in Universe
0.0000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.506
2p4.4746
2s20.3702
3d13.5027
3p22.1139
3s23.0157
4d37.37
4f38.494
4p35.2696
4s34.3612
5d58.5925
5p53.5805
5s51.412
6s67.2486

Also Known As

  • Pt
  • element 78
  • 78Pt

Translations

  • Norwegian Bokmålplatina
  • Russianплатина
  • Italianplatino
  • Frenchplatine
  • Spanishplatino
  • Norwegian Nynorskplatina
  • Hungarianplatina
  • GermanPlatin
  • Afrikaansplatinum
  • Amharicፕላቲነም
  • AragonesePlatín
  • Arabicبلاتين
  • AzerbaijaniPlatin
  • BelarusianПлаціна
  • Bulgarianплатина
  • Banglaপ্লাটিনাম
  • Bosnianplatina
  • Catalanplatí
  • CherokeeᏝᏘᏅᎻ
  • CorsicanPlatinu
  • Czechplatina
  • ChuvashПлатина
  • WelshPlatinwm
  • Danishplatin
  • Greekλευκόχρυσος
  • Esperantoplateno
  • EstonianPlaatina
  • Basqueplatino
  • Persianپلاتین
  • Finnishplatina
  • FriulianPlatin
  • IrishPlatanam
  • GalicianPlatino
  • Manxplatinum
  • Hakka ChinesePha̍k-kîm
  • Hebrewפלטינה
  • Fiji HindiPlatinum
  • CroatianPlatina
  • Haitian CreolePlatin
  • Armenianպլատին
  • InterlinguaPlatino
  • Indonesianplatina
  • IdoPlatino
  • Icelandicplatína
  • Japanese白金
  • Lojbanlo jinmrplati
  • Georgianპლატინა
  • KazakhПлатина
  • Kannadaಪ್ಲಾಟಿನಮ್
  • Korean백금
  • KurdishPlatîn
  • KomiПлатина
  • Latinplatinum
  • LuxembourgishPlatin
  • lbeКӀяла муси
  • LigurianPatin
  • LithuanianPlatina
  • Latvianplatīns
  • Macedonianплатина
  • Malayalamപ്ലാറ്റിനം
  • Marathiप्लॅटिनम
  • Western MariПлатина
  • MalayPlatinum
  • Burmeseရွှေဖြူ
  • ErzyaАшо киве
  • Low GermanPlatin
  • Dutchplatina
  • OccitanPlatin
  • Polishplatyna
  • Western Panjabiپلاٹینم
  • Portugueseplatina
  • QuechuaQullqiya
  • Romanianplatină
  • Sicilianplatinu
  • Serbo-Croatianplatina
  • SlovakPlatina
  • Slovenianplatina
  • AlbanianPlatina
  • Serbianплатина
  • Saterland FrisianPlatin
  • Swedishplatina
  • SwahiliPlatini
  • Tamilபிளாட்டினம்
  • TajikПлатина
  • Thaiแพลทินัม
  • TagalogPlatino
  • TurkishPlatin
  • Uyghurئاق ئالتۇن
  • Ukrainianплатина
  • Urduپلاٹینیم
  • VepsPlatin
  • Vietnameseplatin
  • WarayPlatino
  • KalmykПлатинум
  • Yiddishפלאטין
  • YorubaPlatinum
  • Chinese
  • CebuanoPlatino
  • Central Kurdishپلاتین
  • Punjabiਪਲੈਟੀਨਮ
  • BretonPlatin
  • Hindiप्लैटिनम
  • Gujaratiપ્લેટિનમ
  • Odiaପ୍ଲାଟିନମ
  • Scotsplatinum
  • PiedmontesePlàtin
  • TatarАгалтын
  • KikuyuPlatinum
  • SomaliBalatiniyaam
  • Literary Chinese
  • Belarusian (Taraskievica orthography)Плятына
  • Cantonese白金
  • Min Nan ChinesePe̍h-kim
  • Newariप्वलाख
  • UzbekPlatina
  • Chinese (Taiwan)
  • Chinese (Hong Kong SAR China)
  • Chinese (Traditional)
  • Chinese (China)
  • Chinese (Simplified)
  • AromanianPlatinâ
  • cdoBăh-gĭng
  • KashubianPlatëna
  • KyrgyzПлатина
  • Malteseplatinu
  • Nepaliप्लाटिनम
  • Scottish GaelicPlatanum
  • ZhuangGimhau
  • Portuguese (Brazil)platina
  • Sanskritप्लाटिनम
  • azbپلاتین
  • Asturianplatín
  • Bhojpuriप्लैटिनम
  • Mongolianцагаан алт
  • SundanesePlatinum
  • Tibetanབེ་ལེ་ཊི་ནམ།
  • Uyghur (Arabic)ئاق ئالتۇن
  • Uyghur (Latin)Platina
  • Teluguప్లాటినం
  • English (United Kingdom)platinum
  • Lingua Franca Novaplatino
  • kbpPlatɩnɩ
  • Wu Chinese
  • oloPlatinu
  • Northern FrisianPlaatin
  • LimburgishPlatina
  • LombardPlatino
  • BavarianPlatin
  • SardinianPlàtinu
  • BashkirАҡ алтын
  • Moroccan Arabicپلاتين
  • Egyptian Arabicبلاتين
  • Pashtoپلاټينيوم
  • Cornishplatinom
  • lldPlatin
  • BikolPlatino
  • Manipuriꯄ꯭ꯂꯥꯇꯤꯅꯝ
  • BalinesePlatinum
  • AtikamekwPiwapiskw
  • ZuluIKhazi