Platîn

Platîn (Pt)

chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78
Atomic Number78
Atomic Weight195.084
Hejmara baristeyî195
Group10
Period6
Blockd
Proton78 p+
Notron117 n0
Kareva78 e-
Animated Bohr model of Pt (Platîn)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
135 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
123 pm
Metallic Radius
130 pm
ionic radius
60 pm
Crystal Radius
74 pm
Van der Waals radius
213 pm
density
21,5 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Platîn0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

wize
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
8,95883 eV/particle
ionization energy of Pt (Platîn)
enthalpy of vaporization
470 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
21,76 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
565,7 kJ/mol
Kareva
electron shell2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1
Bohr model: Pt (Platîn)
valence electron1
Lewis structure: Pt (Platîn)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d9 6s1
Enhanced Bohr model of Pt (Platîn)
Orbital Diagram of Pt (Platîn)
oxidation number-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
electronegativity
2.2
Electrophilicity Index
2,249320350691278 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
4.098,15 K
Melting Point
2.041,35 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
color
Gray
appearancesilvery white
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
71,6 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000089 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,86 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,133 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
9,4 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000011 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000122 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,00000000238 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0002573
magnetic ordering
Germahiya Curie
Néel temperature
pêkhate
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
3,92 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
3,5 MPa
bulk modulus
230 GPa
shear modulus
61 GPa
Young's modulus
168 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,38
Leza dengê
2.680 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number64
Mendeleev Number69
Pettifor Number68
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
48 ± 4 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
10
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,002
quantum number3D3
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Platinum

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes42
Natural Isotopes6
Isotopic Composition19432.86%19432.86%19533.78%19533.78%19625.21%19625.21%1987.36%1987.36%1900.01%1900.01%1920.78%1920.78%

165Pt

Hejmara baristeyî165
neutron number87
Giraniya atomê
164,999658 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
370 ± 180 us
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2019
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

166Pt

Hejmara baristeyî166
neutron number88
Giraniya atomê
165,994866 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
294 ± 62 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1996
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

167Pt

Hejmara baristeyî167
neutron number89
Giraniya atomê
166,99275 ± 0,000329 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
915 ± 123 us
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1996
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

168Pt

Hejmara baristeyî168
neutron number90
Giraniya atomê
167,988180196 ± 0,00016096 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,02 ± 0,1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

169Pt

Hejmara baristeyî169
neutron number91
Giraniya atomê
168,986619 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,99 ± 0,09 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

170Pt

Hejmara baristeyî170
neutron number92
Giraniya atomê
169,982502087 ± 0,000019588 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
13,93 ± 0,16 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

171Pt

Hejmara baristeyî171
neutron number93
Giraniya atomê
170,981248868 ± 0,000086904 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
45,5 ± 2,5 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)86%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

172Pt

Hejmara baristeyî172
neutron number94
Giraniya atomê
171,977341059 ± 0,000011139 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
97,6 ± 1,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)96%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

173Pt

Hejmara baristeyî173
neutron number95
Giraniya atomê
172,976449922 ± 0,000068096 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
382 ± 2 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)86%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

174Pt

Hejmara baristeyî174
neutron number96
Giraniya atomê
173,972820431 ± 0,000011098 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
862 ± 8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)74.9%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

175Pt

Hejmara baristeyî175
neutron number97
Giraniya atomê
174,972400593 ± 0,000019982 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,43 ± 0,04 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)64%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

176Pt

Hejmara baristeyî176
neutron number98
Giraniya atomê
175,968938162 ± 0,000013647 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,33 ± 0,15 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)40%

177Pt

Hejmara baristeyî177
neutron number99
Giraniya atomê
176,968469541 ± 0,00001609 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10 ± 0,4 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)94.3%
α (α emission)5.7%

178Pt

Hejmara baristeyî178
neutron number100
Giraniya atomê
177,965649288 ± 0,000010878 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
20,7 ± 0,7 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)92.3%
α (α emission)7.7%

179Pt

Hejmara baristeyî179
neutron number101
Giraniya atomê
178,965358742 ± 0,000008563 Da
g-factor
0,86 ± 0,06
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21,2 ± 0,4 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.24%

180Pt

Hejmara baristeyî180
neutron number102
Giraniya atomê
179,96303801 ± 0,00001079 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
56 ± 3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.48%
α (α emission)0.52%

181Pt

Hejmara baristeyî181
neutron number103
Giraniya atomê
180,963089946 ± 0,000014695 Da
g-factor
0,96 ± 0,04
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
52 ± 2,2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.074%

182Pt

Hejmara baristeyî182
neutron number104
Giraniya atomê
181,961171605 ± 0,000014057 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,67 ± 0,12 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)0.962%
α (α emission)0.038%

183Pt

Hejmara baristeyî183
neutron number105
Giraniya atomê
182,961595895 ± 0,000015261 Da
g-factor
1 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,5 ± 1 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1963
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0096%

184Pt

Hejmara baristeyî184
neutron number106
Giraniya atomê
183,959921929 ± 0,000015828 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
17,3 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0017%

185Pt

Hejmara baristeyî185
neutron number107
Giraniya atomê
184,960613659 ± 0,000027731 Da
g-factor
-0,16 ± 0,0024444444444444
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
70,9 ± 2,4 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.005%

186Pt

Hejmara baristeyî186
neutron number108
Giraniya atomê
185,959350845 ± 0,000023344 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,08 ± 0,05 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)1.4%

187Pt

Hejmara baristeyî187
neutron number109
Giraniya atomê
186,960616646 ± 0,000025837 Da
g-factor
-0,26466666666667 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,35 ± 0,03 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1961
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

188Pt

Hejmara baristeyî188
neutron number110
Giraniya atomê
187,959397521 ± 0,000005694 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,16 ± 0,18 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%
α (α emission)2.6%

189Pt

Hejmara baristeyî189
neutron number111
Giraniya atomê
188,960848485 ± 0,000010832 Da
g-factor
-0,292 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,87 ± 0,12 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

190Pt

Hejmara baristeyî190
neutron number112
Giraniya atomê
189,959949823 ± 0,000000705 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,012 ± 0,002
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
483 ± 3 Gy
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
+ (double β+ decay)

191Pt

Hejmara baristeyî191
neutron number113
Giraniya atomê
190,961676261 ± 0,00000443 Da
g-factor
-0,33266666666667 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,83 ± 0,02 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

192Pt

Hejmara baristeyî192
neutron number114
Giraniya atomê
191,961042667 ± 0,000002758 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,782 ± 0,024
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

193Pt

Hejmara baristeyî193
neutron number115
Giraniya atomê
192,962984546 ± 0,000001458 Da
g-factor
1,202 ± 0,016
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
50 ± 6 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

194Pt

Hejmara baristeyî194
neutron number116
Giraniya atomê
193,962683498 ± 0,000000532 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
32,864 ± 0,41
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1935
parity+

195Pt

Hejmara baristeyî195
neutron number117
Giraniya atomê
194,964794325 ± 0,00000054 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
33,775 ± 0,24
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1935
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

196Pt

Hejmara baristeyî196
neutron number118
Giraniya atomê
195,964954648 ± 0,000000547 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
25,211 ± 0,34
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1935
parity+

197Pt

Hejmara baristeyî197
neutron number119
Giraniya atomê
196,96734303 ± 0,000000575 Da
g-factor
1,02 ± 0,04
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
19,8915 ± 0,0019 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1936
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

198Pt

Hejmara baristeyî198
neutron number120
Giraniya atomê
197,967896718 ± 0,000002254 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
7,356 ± 0,13
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)
α (α emission)

199Pt

Hejmara baristeyî199
neutron number121
Giraniya atomê
198,970597022 ± 0,000002317 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30,8 ± 0,21 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

200Pt

Hejmara baristeyî200
neutron number122
Giraniya atomê
199,971444609 ± 0,000021588 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
12,6 ± 0,3 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

201Pt

Hejmara baristeyî201
neutron number123
Giraniya atomê
200,974513305 ± 0,000053788 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,5 ± 0,1 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1962
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

202Pt

Hejmara baristeyî202
neutron number124
Giraniya atomê
201,975639 ± 0,000027 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
44 ± 15 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

203Pt

Hejmara baristeyî203
neutron number125
Giraniya atomê
202,979055 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
22 ± 4 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2008
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

204Pt

Hejmara baristeyî204
neutron number126
Giraniya atomê
203,981084 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,3 ± 1,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2008
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

205Pt

Hejmara baristeyî205
neutron number127
Giraniya atomê
204,986237 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2009
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

206Pt

Hejmara baristeyî206
neutron number128
Giraniya atomê
205,99008 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

207Pt

Hejmara baristeyî207
neutron number129
Giraniya atomê
206,995556 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

208Pt

Hejmara baristeyî208
neutron number130
Giraniya atomê
207,999463 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Platinum crystals

dîrok

kaşîf an îcadkerJulius Scaliger
location of discoveryItaly
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1735
BêjenasîSpanish: platina (little silver).
pronunciationPLAT-n-em (îngilîzî)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,005 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okyanûs)
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000098 %
natural abundance (Roj)
0,0000009 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.506
2p4.4746
2s20.3702
3d13.5027
3p22.1139
3s23.0157
4d37.37
4f38.494
4p35.2696
4s34.3612
5d58.5925
5p53.5805
5s51.412
6s67.2486