Swael

Swael (S)

chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16
Atomic Number16
Atomic Weight32.06
Massagetal32
Group16
Period3
Blockp
proton16 p+
neutron16 n0
elektron16 e-
Animated Bohr model of S (Swael)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
100 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
103 pm
Metallic Radius
104 pm
Ioonradius
184 pm
Crystal Radius
170 pm
Van der Waals radius
180 pm
density
2,07 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Swael0153045607590105120135150165180pmAtoomradiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
664,3 kJ/mol
electron affinity
2,07710403 eV/particle
ionization energy
10,36001 eV/particle
ionization energy of S (Swael)
Verdampingswarmte
10,5 kJ/mol
smeltingswarmte
1,23 kJ/mol
Vormingsentalpie
277,17 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronskil2, 8, 6
Bohr model: S (Swael)
Valenselektrone6
Lewisteorie: S (Swael)
elektronkonfigurasie[Ne] 3s2 3p4
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4
Enhanced Bohr model of S (Swael)
Orbital Diagram of S (Swael)
Oksidasietoestand-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Elektronegatiwiteit
2.58
Electrophilicity Index
2,3343529124239053 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
717,76 K
Melting Point
368,35 K
critical pressure
20,7 MPa
critical temperature
1 314,15 K
triple point
appearance
kleur
Yellow
appearancelemon yellow sintered microcrystals
Brekingsindeks
1,001111
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,27 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
0,708 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeInsulator
Geleidingsvermoë
0,000000000000000000001 MS/m
Elektriese resistiwiteit
1 000 000 000 000 000 m Ω
superconductivity
Magnetisme
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000062 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000199 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000122
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureFace Centered Orthorhombic (ORC)
lattice constant
10,47 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
2 MPa
Massamodulus
7,7 GPa
Skuifmodulus
Young se modulus
Poisson se verhouding
Spoed van klank
classification
CategoryOther nonmetals, Nonmetals
CAS GroupVIB
IUPAC GroupVIA
Glawe Number96
Mendeleev Number100
Pettifor Number94
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
640,2 kJ/mol
polarizability
19,4 ± 0,1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
134 a₀
allotropeRhombic Sulphur, Monoclinic Sulphur, Amorphous Sulphur
Neutron cross section
0,52
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00055
quantum number3P2
Ruimtegroep70 (Fddd)

Isotopes of Sulfur

Stable Isotopes4
Unstable Isotopes20
Natural Isotopes4
Isotopic Composition3294.86%3294.86%344.37%344.37%330.76%330.76%360.02%360.02%

26S

Massagetal26
neutron number10
relative atomic mass
26,029716 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum
parity+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)

27S

Massagetal27
neutron number11
relative atomic mass
27,018777 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
16,3 ± 0,2 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)61%
2p (2-proton emission)3%

28S

Massagetal28
neutron number12
relative atomic mass
28,004372762 ± 0,000171767 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
125 ± 10 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)20.7%

29S

Massagetal29
neutron number13
relative atomic mass
28,996678 ± 0,000014 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
188 ± 4 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)46.4%

30S

Massagetal30
neutron number14
relative atomic mass
29,98490677 ± 0,000000221 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,1798 ± 0,0003 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

31S

Massagetal31
neutron number15
relative atomic mass
30,979557002 ± 0,000000246 Da
g-factor
0,97586 ± 0,00016
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,5534 ± 0,0018 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

32S

Massagetal32
neutron number16
relative atomic mass
31,97207117354 ± 0,00000000141 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
94,85 ± 2,55
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1920
parity+

33S

Massagetal33
neutron number17
relative atomic mass
32,97145890862 ± 0,00000000144 Da
g-factor
0,42883333333333 ± 0,000013333333333333
natural abundance
0,763 ± 0,02
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,694 ± 0,004
ontdekkingsdatum1926
parity+

34S

Massagetal34
neutron number18
relative atomic mass
33,967867011 ± 0,000000047 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
4,365 ± 0,235
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1926
parity+

35S

Massagetal35
neutron number19
relative atomic mass
34,969032321 ± 0,000000043 Da
g-factor
0,66666666666667 ± 0,026666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
87,37 ± 0,04 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,483 ± 0,003
ontdekkingsdatum1936
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

36S

Massagetal36
neutron number20
relative atomic mass
35,967080692 ± 0,000000201 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,0158 ± 0,0017
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1938
parity+

37S

Massagetal37
neutron number21
relative atomic mass
36,9711255 ± 0,000000212 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,05 ± 0,02 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1945
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

38S

Massagetal38
neutron number22
relative atomic mass
37,9711633 ± 0,000007699 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
170,3 ± 0,7 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

39S

Massagetal39
neutron number23
relative atomic mass
38,97513385 ± 0,000053677 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
11,5 ± 0,5 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1971
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

40S

Massagetal40
neutron number24
relative atomic mass
39,975482561 ± 0,000004274 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
8,8 ± 2,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

41S

Massagetal41
neutron number25
relative atomic mass
40,979593451 ± 0,0000044 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,99 ± 0,05 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1979
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

42S

Massagetal42
neutron number26
relative atomic mass
41,9810651 ± 0,000003 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,016 ± 0,015 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1%

43S

Massagetal43
neutron number27
relative atomic mass
42,986907635 ± 0,000005335 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
265 ± 13 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1979
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)40%

44S

Massagetal44
neutron number28
relative atomic mass
43,990118846 ± 0,0000056 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
100 ± 1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)18%

45S

Massagetal45
neutron number29
relative atomic mass
44,996414 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
68 ± 2 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)54%
2n (2-neutron emission)

46S

Massagetal46
neutron number30
relative atomic mass
46,000687 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
50 ± 8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

47S

Massagetal47
neutron number31
relative atomic mass
47,00773 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

48S

Massagetal48
neutron number32
relative atomic mass
48,013301 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

49S

Massagetal49
neutron number33
relative atomic mass
49,021891 ± 0,000626 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2018
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Sulfur - El Desierto mine, San Pablo de Napa, Daniel Campos Province, Potosí, Bolivia

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurKnown to the ancients.
ligging van ontdekking
ontdekkingsdatum
etimologieLatin: sulphur (brimstone).
uitspraakSUL-fer (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
350 mg/kg
natural abundance (oseaan)
905 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,2 %
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
4 %
natural abundance (Son)
0,04 %
Abundance in Universe
0,05 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.4591
2p4.023
2s5.3712
3p10.5181
3s9.6331