Stîbyûm

Stîbyûm (Sb)

chemical element with symbol Sb and atomic number of 51
Atomic Number51
Atomic Weight121.76
Hejmara baristeyî121
Group15
Period5
Blockp
Proton51 p+
Notron70 n0
Kareva51 e-
Animated Bohr model of Sb (Stîbyûm)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
145 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
140 pm
Metallic Radius
139 pm
ionic radius
76 pm
Crystal Radius
90 pm
Van der Waals radius
206 pm
density
6,68 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Stîbyûm0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

wize
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
8,608389 eV/particle
ionization energy of Sb (Stîbyûm)
enthalpy of vaporization
195,2 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
20,08 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
264,4 kJ/mol
Kareva
electron shell2, 8, 18, 18, 5
Bohr model: Sb (Stîbyûm)
valence electron5
Lewis structure: Sb (Stîbyûm)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p3
Enhanced Bohr model of Sb (Stîbyûm)
Orbital Diagram of Sb (Stîbyûm)
oxidation number-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
electronegativity
2.05
Electrophilicity Index
1,540637934707554 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1.860,15 K
Melting Point
903,778 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
color
Silver
appearancesilvery lustrous gray
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
24,43 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,000011 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,23 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,207 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
2,5 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000004 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000109 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000001327 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,000073
magnetic ordering
Germahiya Curie
Néel temperature
pêkhate
Crystal StructureSimple Trigonal (RHL)
lattice constant
4,51 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
3 MPa
bulk modulus
42 GPa
shear modulus
20 GPa
Young's modulus
55 GPa
Poisson's ratio
Leza dengê
3.420 m/s
classification
CategoryMetalloids, Metalloids
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number91
Mendeleev Number96
Pettifor Number88
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
43 ± 2 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
492 a₀
allotropeWhite Antimony, Yellow Antimony, Black Antimony
Neutron cross section
5,4
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0016
quantum number4S3/2
space group166 (R_3m)

Isotopes of Antimony

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes39
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition12157.21%12157.21%12342.79%12342.79%

102Sb

Hejmara baristeyî102
neutron number51
Giraniya atomê
101,945142 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

103Sb

Hejmara baristeyî103
neutron number52
Giraniya atomê
102,939162 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

104Sb

Hejmara baristeyî104
neutron number53
Giraniya atomê
103,936344 ± 0,000109 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
470 ± 130 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1995
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7%
p (proton emission)7%
α (α emission)

105Sb

Hejmara baristeyî105
neutron number54
Giraniya atomê
104,931276547 ± 0,000023431 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,12 ± 0,16 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
p (proton emission)0.1%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

106Sb

Hejmara baristeyî106
neutron number55
Giraniya atomê
105,928637979 ± 0,000008 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
600 ± 200 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

107Sb

Hejmara baristeyî107
neutron number56
Giraniya atomê
106,924150621 ± 0,000004452 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

108Sb

Hejmara baristeyî108
neutron number57
Giraniya atomê
107,922226731 ± 0,0000059 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,4 ± 0,3 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

109Sb

Hejmara baristeyî109
neutron number58
Giraniya atomê
108,918141203 ± 0,000005652 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
17,2 ± 0,5 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

110Sb

Hejmara baristeyî110
neutron number59
Giraniya atomê
109,916854283 ± 0,0000064 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
23,6 ± 0,3 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

111Sb

Hejmara baristeyî111
neutron number60
Giraniya atomê
110,913218187 ± 0,0000095 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
75 ± 1 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

112Sb

Hejmara baristeyî112
neutron number61
Giraniya atomê
111,912399903 ± 0,00001914 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
53,5 ± 0,6 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

113Sb

Hejmara baristeyî113
neutron number62
Giraniya atomê
112,909374664 ± 0,000018457 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,67 ± 0,07 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

114Sb

Hejmara baristeyî114
neutron number63
Giraniya atomê
113,909289155 ± 0,000021226 Da
g-factor
0,57333333333333 ± 0,026666666666667
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,49 ± 0,03 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

115Sb

Hejmara baristeyî115
neutron number64
Giraniya atomê
114,906598 ± 0,000017203 Da
g-factor
1,384 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
32,1 ± 0,3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

116Sb

Hejmara baristeyî116
neutron number65
Giraniya atomê
115,906792732 ± 0,000005533 Da
g-factor
0,905 ± 0,003
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
15,8 ± 0,8 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

117Sb

Hejmara baristeyî117
neutron number66
Giraniya atomê
116,904841519 ± 0,000009057 Da
g-factor
1,372 ± 0,024
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,97 ± 0,02 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 1,2
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

118Sb

Hejmara baristeyî118
neutron number67
Giraniya atomê
117,905532194 ± 0,000003237 Da
g-factor
2,46 ± 0,07
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,6 ± 0,1 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

119Sb

Hejmara baristeyî119
neutron number68
Giraniya atomê
118,903944062 ± 0,000007512 Da
g-factor
1,38 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
38,19 ± 0,22 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

120Sb

Hejmara baristeyî120
neutron number69
Giraniya atomê
119,905080308 ± 0,000007728 Da
g-factor
2,3 ± 0,2
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
15,89 ± 0,04 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

121Sb

Hejmara baristeyî121
neutron number70
Giraniya atomê
120,903811353 ± 0,00000269 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
57,21 ± 0,05
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,543 ± 0,011
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1922
parity+

122Sb

Hejmara baristeyî122
neutron number71
Giraniya atomê
121,905169335 ± 0,000002687 Da
g-factor
-0,95 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,7238 ± 0,0002 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,28 ± 0,08
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)97.59%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)2.41%

123Sb

Hejmara baristeyî123
neutron number72
Giraniya atomê
122,904215292 ± 0,000001456 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
42,79 ± 0,05
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,692 ± 0,014
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1922
parity+

124Sb

Hejmara baristeyî124
neutron number73
Giraniya atomê
123,905937065 ± 0,000001457 Da
g-factor
0,4 ± 0,0066666666666667
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
60,2 ± 0,03 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,8 ± 0,2
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

125Sb

Hejmara baristeyî125
neutron number74
Giraniya atomê
124,905254264 ± 0,0000027 Da
g-factor
0,75142857142857 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,7576 ± 0,0011 y
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

126Sb

Hejmara baristeyî126
neutron number75
Giraniya atomê
125,907253158 ± 0,000034189 Da
g-factor
0,16 ± 0,00875
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
12,35 ± 0,06 d
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

127Sb

Hejmara baristeyî127
neutron number76
Giraniya atomê
126,906925557 ± 0,000005457 Da
g-factor
0,77142857142857 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,85 ± 0,05 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

128Sb

Hejmara baristeyî128
neutron number77
Giraniya atomê
127,909146121 ± 0,000020169 Da
g-factor
0,1625 ± 0,025
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,05 ± 0,04 h
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

129Sb

Hejmara baristeyî129
neutron number78
Giraniya atomê
128,909146623 ± 0,000022786 Da
g-factor
0,79714285714286 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,366 ± 0,026 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

130Sb

Hejmara baristeyî130
neutron number79
Giraniya atomê
129,911662686 ± 0,000015257 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
39,5 ± 0,8 m
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1962
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

131Sb

Hejmara baristeyî131
neutron number80
Giraniya atomê
130,911989339 ± 0,000002236 Da
g-factor
0,82571428571429 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
23,03 ± 0,04 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1956
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

132Sb

Hejmara baristeyî132
neutron number81
Giraniya atomê
131,914508013 ± 0,000002648 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,79 ± 0,07 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1956
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

133Sb

Hejmara baristeyî133
neutron number82
Giraniya atomê
132,915272128 ± 0,000003357 Da
g-factor
0,85714285714286 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,34 ± 0,05 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

134Sb

Hejmara baristeyî134
neutron number83
Giraniya atomê
133,920537334 ± 0,0000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
674 ± 4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

135Sb

Hejmara baristeyî135
neutron number84
Giraniya atomê
134,925184354 ± 0,000002834 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,668 ± 0,009 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)19.1%

136Sb

Hejmara baristeyî136
neutron number85
Giraniya atomê
135,930749009 ± 0,000006258 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
923 ± 14 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)24.7%
2n (2-neutron emission)0.14%

137Sb

Hejmara baristeyî137
neutron number86
Giraniya atomê
136,935522519 ± 0,000056 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
497 ± 21 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)49%
2n (2-neutron emission)

138Sb

Hejmara baristeyî138
neutron number87
Giraniya atomê
137,941331 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
333 ± 7 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)72%
2n (2-neutron emission)

139Sb

Hejmara baristeyî139
neutron number88
Giraniya atomê
138,946269 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
182 ± 9 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)90%
2n (2-neutron emission)

140Sb

Hejmara baristeyî140
neutron number89
Giraniya atomê
139,952345 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
170 ± 6 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%
2n (2-neutron emission)7.6%

141Sb

Hejmara baristeyî141
neutron number90
Giraniya atomê
140,957552 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
103 ± 29 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

142Sb

Hejmara baristeyî142
neutron number91
Giraniya atomê
141,963918 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
80 ± 50 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2018
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Antimony-2

dîrok

kaşîf an îcadkerKnown to the ancients.
location of discovery
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
BêjenasîGreek: anti and monos (not alone); symbol from mineral stibnite.
pronunciationAN-teh-MOH-ni (îngilîzî)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,2 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okyanûs)
0,00024 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000012 %
natural abundance (Roj)
0,0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.0256
2p4.1274
2s13.4046
3d14.2002
3p17.8161
3s17.7909
4d32.0256
4p28.8188
4s27.4564
5p41.0055
5s39.389