Antimon

Antimon (Sb)

grundämne
Atomnummer51
Atommassa121.76
masstal121
Grupp15
Period5
Blockp
Protoner51 p+
Neutroner70 n0
Electrons51 e-
Animated Bohrs atommodell of Sb (Antimon)

Egenskaper

fysisk egenskap
atomradie
145 pm
molvolym
kovalent radie
140 pm
Metallic Radius
139 pm
ionic radius
76 pm
Crystal Radius
90 pm
Van der Waalsradie
206 pm
densitet
6,68 g/cm³
energi
proton affinity
Elektronaffinitet
joniseringsenergi
8,608389 eV/particle
joniseringsenergi of Sb (Antimon)
ångbildningsvärme
195,2 kJ/mol
smältvärme
20,08 kJ/mol
Bildningsentalpi
264,4 kJ/mol
Electrons
electron shell2, 8, 18, 18, 5
Bohrs atommodell: Sb (Antimon)
valenselektron5
Elektronformel: Sb (Antimon)
elektronkonfiguration[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
Enhanced Bohrs atommodell of Sb (Antimon)
Orbital Diagram of Sb (Antimon)
oxidationstal-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
elektronegativitet
2.05
Electrophilicity
1,540637934707554 eV/particle
Phases
aggregationstillståndFast
Gas Phase
Kokpunkt
1 860,15 K
Smältpunkt
903,778 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
trippelpunkt
Visual
färg
Silver
appearancesilvery lustrous gray
Brytningsindex
materialegenskap
Värmeledningsförmåga
24,43 W/(m K)
termisk expansion
0,000011 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,23 J/(mol K)
Specifik värmekapacitet
0,207 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
elektrisk konduktivitet
2,5 MS/m
resistivitet
0,0000004 m Ω
supraledare
magnetism
typediamagnetic
magnetisk susceptibilitet (Mass)
−0,0000000109 m³/Kg
magnetisk susceptibilitet (Molar)
−0,000000001327 m³/mol
magnetisk susceptibilitet (Volume)
−0,000073
magnetic ordering
Curiepunkten
Néel temperature
Structure
KristallstrukturEnkelt trigonal (RHL)
Gitterkonstant
4,51 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mekanisk materialegenskap
hårdhet
3 MPa
Kompressibilitet
42 GPa
skjuvmodul
20 GPa
Young's modulus
55 GPa
Poissons konstant
ljudhastighet
3 420 m/s
klassificering
KategoriMetalloid, Metalloids
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number91
Mendeleev Number96
Pettifor Number88
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile
övrigt
Gas Basicity
Dipole Polarizability
43 ± 2 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
492 a₀
AllotropesWhite Antimony, Yellow Antimony, Black Antimony
Träffyta
5,4
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0016
kvanttal4S3/2
rymdgrupp166 (R_3m)

Antimonisotoper

Stabila isotoper2
Instabila isotoper39
Radioactive Isotopes37

102Sb

natural abundance
relative atomic mass
101,945142 ± 0,000429 Da
masstal102
g-factor
Halveringstid
Spinn
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum
Paritet

102Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
p (proton emission)%

103Sb

natural abundance
relative atomic mass
102,939162 ± 0,000322 Da
masstal103
g-factor
Halveringstid
Spinn5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum2010
Paritet+

103Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
p (proton emission)%

104Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
103,936344 ± 0,000109 Da
masstal104
g-factor
Halveringstid
470 ± 130 ms
Spinn
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1995
Paritet

104Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7%
p (proton emission)7%
α (α emission)%

105Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
104,931276547 ± 0,000023431 Da
masstal105
g-factor
Halveringstid
1,12 ± 0,16 s
Spinn5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1994
Paritet+

105Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
p (proton emission)0.1%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)%

106Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
105,928637979 ± 0,000008 Da
masstal106
g-factor
Halveringstid
600 ± 200 ms
Spinn2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1981
Paritet+

106Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

107Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
106,924150621 ± 0,000004452 Da
masstal107
g-factor
Halveringstid
4 ± 0,2 s
Spinn5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1994
Paritet+

107Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

108Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
107,922226731 ± 0,0000059 Da
masstal108
g-factor
Halveringstid
7,4 ± 0,3 s
Spinn4
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1976
Paritet+

108Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

109Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
108,918141203 ± 0,000005652 Da
masstal109
g-factor
Halveringstid
17,2 ± 0,5 s
Spinn5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1976
Paritet+

109Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

110Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
109,916854283 ± 0,0000064 Da
masstal110
g-factor
Halveringstid
23,6 ± 0,3 s
Spinn3
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1972
Paritet+

110Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

111Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
110,913218187 ± 0,0000095 Da
masstal111
g-factor
Halveringstid
75 ± 1 s
Spinn5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1972
Paritet+

111Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

112Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
111,912399903 ± 0,00001914 Da
masstal112
g-factor
Halveringstid
53,5 ± 0,6 s
Spinn3
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1959
Paritet+

112Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

113Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
112,909374664 ± 0,000018457 Da
masstal113
g-factor
Halveringstid
6,67 ± 0,07 m
Spinn5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1958
Paritet+

113Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

114Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
113,909289155 ± 0,000021226 Da
masstal114
g-factor
0,57333333333333 ± 0,026666666666667
Halveringstid
3,49 ± 0,03 m
Spinn3
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1959
Paritet+

114Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

115Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
114,906598 ± 0,000017203 Da
masstal115
g-factor
1,384 ± 0,004
Halveringstid
32,1 ± 0,3 m
Spinn5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1958
Paritet+

115Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

116Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
115,906792732 ± 0,000005533 Da
masstal116
g-factor
0,905 ± 0,003
Halveringstid
15,8 ± 0,8 m
Spinn3
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1949
Paritet+

116Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

117Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
116,904841519 ± 0,000009057 Da
masstal117
g-factor
1,372 ± 0,024
Halveringstid
2,97 ± 0,02 h
Spinn5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 1,2
upptäcktsdatum1947
Paritet+

117Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

118Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
117,905532194 ± 0,000003237 Da
masstal118
g-factor
2,46 ± 0,07
Halveringstid
3,6 ± 0,1 m
Spinn1
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1947
Paritet+

118Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

119Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
118,903944062 ± 0,000007512 Da
masstal119
g-factor
1,38 ± 0,004
Halveringstid
38,19 ± 0,22 h
Spinn5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1947
Paritet+

119Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%

120Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
119,905080308 ± 0,000007728 Da
masstal120
g-factor
2,3 ± 0,2
Halveringstid
15,89 ± 0,04 m
Spinn1
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1937
Paritet+

120Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

121Sb

natural abundance
57,21 ± 0,05
relative atomic mass
120,903811353 ± 0,00000269 Da
masstal121
g-factor
Halveringstid
Spinn5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,543 ± 0,011
upptäcktsdatum1922
Paritet+

122Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
121,905169335 ± 0,000002687 Da
masstal122
g-factor
−0,95 ± 0,01
Halveringstid
2,7238 ± 0,0002 d
Spinn2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,28 ± 0,08
upptäcktsdatum1939
Paritet-

122Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)97.59%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)2.41%

123Sb

natural abundance
42,79 ± 0,05
relative atomic mass
122,904215292 ± 0,000001456 Da
masstal123
g-factor
Halveringstid
Spinn7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,692 ± 0,014
upptäcktsdatum1922
Paritet+

124Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
123,905937065 ± 0,000001457 Da
masstal124
g-factor
0,4 ± 0,0066666666666667
Halveringstid
60,2 ± 0,03 d
Spinn3
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,8 ± 0,2
upptäcktsdatum1939
Paritet-

124Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%

125Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
124,905254264 ± 0,0000027 Da
masstal125
g-factor
0,75142857142857 ± 0,011428571428571
Halveringstid
2,7576 ± 0,0011 y
Spinn7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1951
Paritet+

125Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%

126Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
125,907253158 ± 0,000034189 Da
masstal126
g-factor
0,16 ± 0,00875
Halveringstid
12,35 ± 0,06 d
Spinn8
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1956
Paritet-

126Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%

127Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
126,906925557 ± 0,000005457 Da
masstal127
g-factor
0,77142857142857 ± 0,011428571428571
Halveringstid
3,85 ± 0,05 d
Spinn7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1939
Paritet+

127Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%

128Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
127,909146121 ± 0,000020169 Da
masstal128
g-factor
0,1625 ± 0,025
Halveringstid
9,05 ± 0,04 h
Spinn8
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1956
Paritet-

128Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%

129Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
128,909146623 ± 0,000022786 Da
masstal129
g-factor
0,79714285714286 ± 0,011428571428571
Halveringstid
4,366 ± 0,026 h
Spinn7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1939
Paritet+

129Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%

130Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
129,911662686 ± 0,000015257 Da
masstal130
g-factor
Halveringstid
39,5 ± 0,8 m
Spinn8
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1962
Paritet-

130Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%

131Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
130,911989339 ± 0,000002236 Da
masstal131
g-factor
0,82571428571429 ± 0,011428571428571
Halveringstid
23,03 ± 0,04 m
Spinn7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1956
Paritet+

131Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%

132Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
131,914508013 ± 0,000002648 Da
masstal132
g-factor
Halveringstid
2,79 ± 0,07 m
Spinn4
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1956
Paritet

132Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%

133Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
132,915272128 ± 0,000003357 Da
masstal133
g-factor
0,85714285714286 ± 0,011428571428571
Halveringstid
2,34 ± 0,05 m
Spinn7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1966
Paritet+

133Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%

134Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
133,920537334 ± 0,0000033 Da
masstal134
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
674 ± 4 ms
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1967
Paritet-

134Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)%

135Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
134,925184354 ± 0,000002834 Da
masstal135
g-factor
Halveringstid
1,668 ± 0,009 s
Spinn7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1964
Paritet+

135Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)19.1%

136Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
135,930749009 ± 0,000006258 Da
masstal136
g-factor
Halveringstid
923 ± 14 ms
Spinn1
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1976
Paritet-

136Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)24.7%
2n (2-neutron emission)0.14%

137Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
136,935522519 ± 0,000056 Da
masstal137
g-factor
Halveringstid
497 ± 21 ms
Spinn7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1994
Paritet+

137Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)49%
2n (2-neutron emission)%

138Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
137,941331 ± 0,000322 Da
masstal138
g-factor
Halveringstid
333 ± 7 ms
Spinn3
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1994
Paritet-

138Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)72%
2n (2-neutron emission)%

139Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
138,946269 ± 0,000429 Da
masstal139
g-factor
Halveringstid
182 ± 9 ms
Spinn7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1994
Paritet+

139Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)90%
2n (2-neutron emission)%

140Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
139,952345 ± 0,000644 Da
masstal140
g-factor
Halveringstid
170 ± 6 ms
Spinn3
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum2010
Paritet-

140Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%
2n (2-neutron emission)7.6%

141Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
140,957552 ± 0,000537 Da
masstal141
g-factor
Halveringstid
103 ± 29 ms
Spinn7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum2018
Paritet+

141Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)%
2n (2-neutron emission)%

142Sb

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
141,963918 ± 0,000322 Da
masstal142
g-factor
Halveringstid
80 ± 50 ms
Spinn
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum2018
Paritet

142Sb Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)%
2n (2-neutron emission)%
Antimony-2

historia

upptäckare eller uppfinnareKnown to the ancients.
fyndplats
upptäcktsdatum
etymologiGreek: anti and monos (not alone); symbol from mineral stibnite.
uttalAN-teh-MOH-ni (engelska)

Sources

Förekomst
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,2 mg/kg
Abundance in Oceans
0,00024 mg/L
Abundance in Human Body
Abundance in Meteor
0,000012 %
Abundance in Sun
0,0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.0256
2p4.1274
2s13.4046
3d14.2002
3p17.8161
3s17.7909
4d32.0256
4p28.8188
4s27.4564
5p41.0055
5s39.389