Estany

Estany (Sn)

elfen â'r rhif atomig 50
Atomic Number50
Atomic Weight118.71
Rhif màs120
Group14
Period5
Blockp
Proton50 p+
Niwtron70 n0
Electron50 e-
Animated Bohr model of Sn (Estany)

Nodwedd Ffisegol

Atomic Radius
145 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
140 pm
Metallic Radius
142 pm
ionic radius
55 pm
Crystal Radius
69 pm
Van der Waals radius
217 pm
density
7.287 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Estany0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Nodwedd Gemegol

egni
proton affinity
electron affinity
1.112067 eV/particle
ionization energy
7.343917 eV/particle
ionization energy of Sn (Estany)
enthalpy of vaporization
296 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
7.07 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
301.2 kJ/mol
Electron
plisgyn yr electron2, 8, 18, 18, 4
Bohr model: Sn (Estany)
valence electron4
Lewis structure: Sn (Estany)
trefn yr electronnau[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p2
Enhanced Bohr model of Sn (Estany)
Orbital Diagram of Sn (Estany)
Cyflwr ocsidiad-4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Electronegatifedd
1.96
Electrophilicity Index
1.434238336293717 eV/particle
cyflwr sylfaenol mater
cyflwr materSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2,859.15 K
Melting Point
286.35 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
lliw
Silver
appearancesilvery-white (beta, β) or gray (alpha, α)
Mynegrif plygiant
nodwedd ffisegol gwrthrych
Thermal Conductivity
66.8 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0.000022 1/K
molar heat capacity
26.99 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.227 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
dargludedd trydanol
9.1 MS/m
Gwrthedd
0.00000011 m Ω
superconductivity
3.72 K
magnetism
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0.0000000031 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0.000000000368 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0.0000227
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strwythur
Crystal StructureCentered Tetragonal (TET)
lattice constant
5.82 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
nodwedd mecanyddol deunyddiau
hardness
1.5 MPa
bulk modulus
58 GPa
shear modulus
18 GPa
Young's modulus
50 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0.36
speed of sound
2,500 m/s
classification
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIVB
IUPAC GroupIVA
Glawe Number83
Mendeleev Number90
Pettifor Number83
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
53 ± 6 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
659 a₀
allotropeWhite Tin, Gray Tin
Neutron cross section
0.62
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.0002
quantum number3P0
space group141 (I41/amd)

Isotopes of Tin

Stable Isotopes7
Unstable Isotopes35
Natural Isotopes10
Isotopic Composition12032.58%12032.58%11824.22%11824.22%11614.54%11614.54%1177.68%1177.68%1198.59%1198.59%1245.79%1245.79%1224.63%1224.63%1120.97%1120.97%1140.66%1140.66%1150.34%1150.34%

99Sn

Rhif màs99
neutron number49
relative atomic mass
98.948495 ± 0.000625 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
24 ± 4 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2011
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)5%

100Sn

Rhif màs100
neutron number50
relative atomic mass
99.938648944 ± 0.000257661 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
1.18 ± 0.08 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)17%

101Sn

Rhif màs101
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
100.935259252 ± 0.000322068 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.22 ± 0.05 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)21%

102Sn

Rhif màs102
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
101.930289525 ± 0.000107466 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
3.8 ± 0.2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

103Sn

Rhif màs103
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
102.927973 ± 0.000108 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
7 ± 0.2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.2%

104Sn

Rhif màs104
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
103.923105195 ± 0.000006167 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
20.8 ± 0.5 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

105Sn

Rhif màs105
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
104.921268421 ± 0.000004263 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
32.7 ± 0.5 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.011%

106Sn

Rhif màs106
neutron number56
relative atomic mass
105.916957394 ± 0.000005465 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
1.92 ± 0.08 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

107Sn

Rhif màs107
neutron number57
relative atomic mass
106.915713649 ± 0.0000057 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.9 ± 0.05 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

108Sn

Rhif màs108
neutron number58
relative atomic mass
107.91189429 ± 0.000005778 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
10.3 ± 0.08 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

109Sn

Rhif màs109
neutron number59
relative atomic mass
108.911292857 ± 0.000008533 Da
g-factor
-0.4312 ± 0.0024
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
18.1 ± 0.2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.33 ± 0.11
dyddiad darganfod1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

110Sn

Rhif màs110
neutron number60
relative atomic mass
109.907844835 ± 0.00001479 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
4.154 ± 0.004 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

111Sn

Rhif màs111
neutron number61
relative atomic mass
110.907741143 ± 0.000005728 Da
g-factor
0.17342857142857 ± 0.0011428571428571
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
35.3 ± 0.6 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.2 ± 0.1
dyddiad darganfod1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

112Sn

Rhif màs112
neutron number62
relative atomic mass
111.904824894 ± 0.000000315 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0.97 ± 0.01
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1927
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

113Sn

Rhif màs113
neutron number63
relative atomic mass
112.905175857 ± 0.00000169 Da
g-factor
-1.7554 ± 0.0016
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
115.08 ± 0.04 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

114Sn

Rhif màs114
neutron number64
relative atomic mass
113.90278013 ± 0.000000031 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0.66 ± 0.01
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1927
parity+

115Sn

Rhif màs115
neutron number65
relative atomic mass
114.903344695 ± 0.000000016 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
0.34 ± 0.01
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1927
parity+

116Sn

Rhif màs116
neutron number66
relative atomic mass
115.901742825 ± 0.000000103 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
14.54 ± 0.09
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1922
parity+

117Sn

Rhif màs117
neutron number67
relative atomic mass
116.902954036 ± 0.000000518 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
7.68 ± 0.07
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1923
parity+

118Sn

Rhif màs118
neutron number68
relative atomic mass
117.90160663 ± 0.000000536 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
24.22 ± 0.09
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1924
parity+

119Sn

Rhif màs119
neutron number69
relative atomic mass
118.903311266 ± 0.000000778 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
8.59 ± 0.04
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1925
parity+

120Sn

Rhif màs120
neutron number70
relative atomic mass
119.902202557 ± 0.000000987 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
32.58 ± 0.09
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1926
parity+

121Sn

Rhif màs121
neutron number71
relative atomic mass
120.904243488 ± 0.00000105 Da
g-factor
0.4646 ± 0.00073333333333333
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
27.03 ± 0.04 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.02 ± 0.02
dyddiad darganfod1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

122Sn

Rhif màs122
neutron number72
relative atomic mass
121.903445494 ± 0.000002627 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
4.63 ± 0.03
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1928
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

123Sn

Rhif màs123
neutron number73
relative atomic mass
122.905727065 ± 0.000002661 Da
g-factor
-0.24876363636364 ± 0.0002
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
129.2 ± 0.4 d
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.03 ± 0.04
dyddiad darganfod1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

124Sn

Rhif màs124
neutron number74
relative atomic mass
123.905279619 ± 0.00000141 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
5.79 ± 0.05
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

125Sn

Rhif màs125
neutron number75
relative atomic mass
124.90778937 ± 0.000001426 Da
g-factor
-0.24472727272727 ± 0.00036363636363636
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
9.634 ± 0.015 d
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.2 ± 0.2
dyddiad darganfod1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

126Sn

Rhif màs126
neutron number76
relative atomic mass
125.907658958 ± 0.000011473 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
230 ± 14 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1962
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

127Sn

Rhif màs127
neutron number77
relative atomic mass
126.910391726 ± 0.000009904 Da
g-factor
-0.24127272727273 ± 0.0012727272727273
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.1 ± 0.04 h
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.32 ± 0.14
dyddiad darganfod1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

128Sn

Rhif màs128
neutron number78
relative atomic mass
127.910507828 ± 0.000018982 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
59.07 ± 0.14 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1956
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

129Sn

Rhif màs129
neutron number79
relative atomic mass
128.91348244 ± 0.00001854 Da
g-factor
0.502 ± 0.002
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.23 ± 0.04 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.05 ± 0.12
dyddiad darganfod1962
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

130Sn

Rhif màs130
neutron number80
relative atomic mass
129.913974531 ± 0.00000201 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
3.72 ± 0.07 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

131Sn

Rhif màs131
neutron number81
relative atomic mass
130.917053067 ± 0.000003887 Da
g-factor
0.49733333333333 ± 0.0026666666666667
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
56 ± 0.5 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.04 ± 0.09
dyddiad darganfod1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

132Sn

Rhif màs132
neutron number82
relative atomic mass
131.917823898 ± 0.000002121 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
39.7 ± 0.8 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

133Sn

Rhif màs133
neutron number83
relative atomic mass
132.923913753 ± 0.000002043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
1.37 ± 0.07 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1973
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.0294%

134Sn

Rhif màs134
neutron number84
relative atomic mass
133.92868043 ± 0.0000034 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
0.93 ± 0.08 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)17%

135Sn

Rhif màs135
neutron number85
relative atomic mass
134.934908603 ± 0.0000033 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
515 ± 5 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)21%
2n (2-neutron emission)

136Sn

Rhif màs136
neutron number86
relative atomic mass
135.939699 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
355 ± 18 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)28%
2n (2-neutron emission)

137Sn

Rhif màs137
neutron number87
relative atomic mass
136.946162 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
249 ± 15 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)48%
2n (2-neutron emission)

138Sn

Rhif màs138
neutron number88
relative atomic mass
137.951143 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
148 ± 9 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)36%
2n (2-neutron emission)

139Sn

Rhif màs139
neutron number89
relative atomic mass
138.957799 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
120 ± 38 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2015
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

140Sn

Rhif màs140
neutron number90
relative atomic mass
139.962973 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Cín.PNG

hanes

darganfyddwr neu ddyfeisiwrKnown to the ancients.
man darganfod
dyddiad darganfod
geirdarddiadNamed after Etruscan god, Tinia; symbol from Latin: stannum (tin).
ynganiadTIN (Saesneg)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
2.3 mg/kg
natural abundance (cefnfor)
0.000004 mg/L
natural abundance (corff dynol)
0.00002 %
natural abundance (Awyrfaen)
0.00012 %
natural abundance (Haul)
0.0000009 %
Abundance in Universe
0.0000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.008
2p4.1146
2s13.1406
3d14.2583
3p17.6468
3s17.5802
4d32.03
4p28.7348
4s27.342
5p40.898
5s39.3715