Pîl

Pîl (Sn)

chemical element with symbol Sn and atomic number 50
Atomic Number50
Atomic Weight118.71
Hejmara baristeyî120
Group14
Period5
Blockp
Proton50 p+
Notron70 n0
Kareva50 e-
Animated Bohr model of Sn (Pîl)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
145 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
140 pm
Metallic Radius
142 pm
ionic radius
55 pm
Crystal Radius
69 pm
Van der Waals radius
217 pm
density
7,287 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Pîl0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

wize
proton affinity
electron affinity
1,112067 eV/particle
ionization energy
7,343917 eV/particle
ionization energy of Sn (Pîl)
enthalpy of vaporization
296 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
7,07 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
301,2 kJ/mol
Kareva
electron shell2, 8, 18, 18, 4
Bohr model: Sn (Pîl)
valence electron4
Lewis structure: Sn (Pîl)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p2
Enhanced Bohr model of Sn (Pîl)
Orbital Diagram of Sn (Pîl)
oxidation number-4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
electronegativity
1.96
Electrophilicity Index
1,434238336293717 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2.859,15 K
Melting Point
286,35 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
color
Silver
appearancesilvery-white (beta, β) or gray (alpha, α)
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
66,8 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,000022 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,99 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,227 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
9,1 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000011 m Ω
superconductivity
3,72 K
magnetism
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000031 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000368 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000227
magnetic ordering
Germahiya Curie
Néel temperature
pêkhate
Crystal StructureCentered Tetragonal (TET)
lattice constant
5,82 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
1,5 MPa
bulk modulus
58 GPa
shear modulus
18 GPa
Young's modulus
50 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,36
Leza dengê
2.500 m/s
classification
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIVB
IUPAC GroupIVA
Glawe Number83
Mendeleev Number90
Pettifor Number83
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
53 ± 6 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
659 a₀
allotropeWhite Tin, Gray Tin
Neutron cross section
0,62
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0002
quantum number3P0
space group141 (I41/amd)

Isotopes of Tin

Stable Isotopes7
Unstable Isotopes35
Natural Isotopes10
Isotopic Composition12032.58%12032.58%11824.22%11824.22%11614.54%11614.54%1177.68%1177.68%1198.59%1198.59%1245.79%1245.79%1224.63%1224.63%1120.97%1120.97%1140.66%1140.66%1150.34%1150.34%

99Sn

Hejmara baristeyî99
neutron number49
Giraniya atomê
98,948495 ± 0,000625 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
24 ± 4 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2011
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)5%

100Sn

Hejmara baristeyî100
neutron number50
Giraniya atomê
99,938648944 ± 0,000257661 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,18 ± 0,08 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)17%

101Sn

Hejmara baristeyî101
neutron number51
Giraniya atomê
100,935259252 ± 0,000322068 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,22 ± 0,05 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)21%

102Sn

Hejmara baristeyî102
neutron number52
Giraniya atomê
101,930289525 ± 0,000107466 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,8 ± 0,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

103Sn

Hejmara baristeyî103
neutron number53
Giraniya atomê
102,927973 ± 0,000108 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.2%

104Sn

Hejmara baristeyî104
neutron number54
Giraniya atomê
103,923105195 ± 0,000006167 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
20,8 ± 0,5 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

105Sn

Hejmara baristeyî105
neutron number55
Giraniya atomê
104,921268421 ± 0,000004263 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
32,7 ± 0,5 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.011%

106Sn

Hejmara baristeyî106
neutron number56
Giraniya atomê
105,916957394 ± 0,000005465 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,92 ± 0,08 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

107Sn

Hejmara baristeyî107
neutron number57
Giraniya atomê
106,915713649 ± 0,0000057 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,9 ± 0,05 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

108Sn

Hejmara baristeyî108
neutron number58
Giraniya atomê
107,91189429 ± 0,000005778 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,3 ± 0,08 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

109Sn

Hejmara baristeyî109
neutron number59
Giraniya atomê
108,911292857 ± 0,000008533 Da
g-factor
-0,4312 ± 0,0024
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
18,1 ± 0,2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,33 ± 0,11
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

110Sn

Hejmara baristeyî110
neutron number60
Giraniya atomê
109,907844835 ± 0,00001479 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,154 ± 0,004 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

111Sn

Hejmara baristeyî111
neutron number61
Giraniya atomê
110,907741143 ± 0,000005728 Da
g-factor
0,17342857142857 ± 0,0011428571428571
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
35,3 ± 0,6 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 0,1
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

112Sn

Hejmara baristeyî112
neutron number62
Giraniya atomê
111,904824894 ± 0,000000315 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,97 ± 0,01
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1927
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

113Sn

Hejmara baristeyî113
neutron number63
Giraniya atomê
112,905175857 ± 0,00000169 Da
g-factor
-1,7554 ± 0,0016
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
115,08 ± 0,04 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

114Sn

Hejmara baristeyî114
neutron number64
Giraniya atomê
113,90278013 ± 0,000000031 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,66 ± 0,01
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1927
parity+

115Sn

Hejmara baristeyî115
neutron number65
Giraniya atomê
114,903344695 ± 0,000000016 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
0,34 ± 0,01
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1927
parity+

116Sn

Hejmara baristeyî116
neutron number66
Giraniya atomê
115,901742825 ± 0,000000103 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
14,54 ± 0,09
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1922
parity+

117Sn

Hejmara baristeyî117
neutron number67
Giraniya atomê
116,902954036 ± 0,000000518 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
7,68 ± 0,07
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1923
parity+

118Sn

Hejmara baristeyî118
neutron number68
Giraniya atomê
117,90160663 ± 0,000000536 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
24,22 ± 0,09
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1924
parity+

119Sn

Hejmara baristeyî119
neutron number69
Giraniya atomê
118,903311266 ± 0,000000778 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
8,59 ± 0,04
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1925
parity+

120Sn

Hejmara baristeyî120
neutron number70
Giraniya atomê
119,902202557 ± 0,000000987 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
32,58 ± 0,09
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1926
parity+

121Sn

Hejmara baristeyî121
neutron number71
Giraniya atomê
120,904243488 ± 0,00000105 Da
g-factor
0,4646 ± 0,00073333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
27,03 ± 0,04 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,02 ± 0,02
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

122Sn

Hejmara baristeyî122
neutron number72
Giraniya atomê
121,903445494 ± 0,000002627 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
4,63 ± 0,03
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1928
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

123Sn

Hejmara baristeyî123
neutron number73
Giraniya atomê
122,905727065 ± 0,000002661 Da
g-factor
-0,24876363636364 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
129,2 ± 0,4 d
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,03 ± 0,04
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

124Sn

Hejmara baristeyî124
neutron number74
Giraniya atomê
123,905279619 ± 0,00000141 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
5,79 ± 0,05
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

125Sn

Hejmara baristeyî125
neutron number75
Giraniya atomê
124,90778937 ± 0,000001426 Da
g-factor
-0,24472727272727 ± 0,00036363636363636
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,634 ± 0,015 d
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 0,2
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

126Sn

Hejmara baristeyî126
neutron number76
Giraniya atomê
125,907658958 ± 0,000011473 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
230 ± 14 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1962
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

127Sn

Hejmara baristeyî127
neutron number77
Giraniya atomê
126,910391726 ± 0,000009904 Da
g-factor
-0,24127272727273 ± 0,0012727272727273
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,1 ± 0,04 h
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,32 ± 0,14
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

128Sn

Hejmara baristeyî128
neutron number78
Giraniya atomê
127,910507828 ± 0,000018982 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
59,07 ± 0,14 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1956
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

129Sn

Hejmara baristeyî129
neutron number79
Giraniya atomê
128,91348244 ± 0,00001854 Da
g-factor
0,502 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,23 ± 0,04 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,05 ± 0,12
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1962
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

130Sn

Hejmara baristeyî130
neutron number80
Giraniya atomê
129,913974531 ± 0,00000201 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,72 ± 0,07 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

131Sn

Hejmara baristeyî131
neutron number81
Giraniya atomê
130,917053067 ± 0,000003887 Da
g-factor
0,49733333333333 ± 0,0026666666666667
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
56 ± 0,5 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,04 ± 0,09
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

132Sn

Hejmara baristeyî132
neutron number82
Giraniya atomê
131,917823898 ± 0,000002121 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
39,7 ± 0,8 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

133Sn

Hejmara baristeyî133
neutron number83
Giraniya atomê
132,923913753 ± 0,000002043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,37 ± 0,07 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1973
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.0294%

134Sn

Hejmara baristeyî134
neutron number84
Giraniya atomê
133,92868043 ± 0,0000034 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
0,93 ± 0,08 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)17%

135Sn

Hejmara baristeyî135
neutron number85
Giraniya atomê
134,934908603 ± 0,0000033 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
515 ± 5 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)21%
2n (2-neutron emission)

136Sn

Hejmara baristeyî136
neutron number86
Giraniya atomê
135,939699 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
355 ± 18 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)28%
2n (2-neutron emission)

137Sn

Hejmara baristeyî137
neutron number87
Giraniya atomê
136,946162 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
249 ± 15 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)48%
2n (2-neutron emission)

138Sn

Hejmara baristeyî138
neutron number88
Giraniya atomê
137,951143 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
148 ± 9 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)36%
2n (2-neutron emission)

139Sn

Hejmara baristeyî139
neutron number89
Giraniya atomê
138,957799 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
120 ± 38 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2015
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

140Sn

Hejmara baristeyî140
neutron number90
Giraniya atomê
139,962973 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Cín.PNG

dîrok

kaşîf an îcadkerKnown to the ancients.
location of discovery
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
BêjenasîNamed after Etruscan god, Tinia; symbol from Latin: stannum (tin).
pronunciationTIN (îngilîzî)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
2,3 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okyanûs)
0,000004 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,00002 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,00012 %
natural abundance (Roj)
0,0000009 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.008
2p4.1146
2s13.1406
3d14.2583
3p17.6468
3s17.5802
4d32.03
4p28.7348
4s27.342
5p40.898
5s39.3715