Terbiy

Terbiy (Tb)

element with the atomic number of 65
Atomic Number65
Atomic Weight158.92535
mass number159
Group
Period6
Blockf
Proton65 p+
Neytron94 n0
Elektron65 e-
Animated Bohr model of Tb (Terbiy)

Fizik Xossa

Atom Radiusi
175 pm
Molyar hajm
Kovalentlik Radiusi
168 pm
Metallic Radius
Ion radiuslar
92,3 pm
Crystal Radius
106,3 pm
Van der Waals radius
233 pm
density
8,23 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Terbiy0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240pmAtom RadiusiKovalentlik RadiusiMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energiya
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
ionization energy of Tb (Terbiy)
Solishtirma qaynash issiqligi
389 kJ/mol
solishtirma erish issiqligi
standard enthalpy of formation
388,7 kJ/mol
Elektron
Ion asboblar2, 8, 18, 27, 8, 2
Bohr model: Tb (Terbiy)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Tb (Terbiy)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f9 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f9 6s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Tb (Terbiy)
Orbital Diagram of Tb (Terbiy)
Oksidlanish darajasi0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektrmanfiylik
Electrophilicity Index
1,3142725121307568 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3 503,15 K
Melting Point
1 632,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Rang
Silver
appearancesilvery white
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
11,1 W/(m K)
Issiqlikdan kengayish
0,0000103 1/K
molar heat capacity
28,91 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,182 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
0,83 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000012 m Ω
superconductivity
Magnetizm
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000136 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000002161385 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,1117784
magnetic ordering
Kyuri nuqtasi
222 K
Néel temperature
230 K
Tuzilma
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
Kristall panjara davri
3,6 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Qattiqlik
bulk modulus
38,7 GPa
shear modulus
22 GPa
Yung moduli
56 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,26
Tovush tezligi
2 620 m/s
klassifikatsiya
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number25
Mendeleev Number29
Pettifor Number26
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
170 ± 20 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
23
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,009
Atom kvant sonlari6H15/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Terbium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes39
Natural Isotopes1

135Tb

mass number135
neutron number70
Nisbiy atom massa
134,964516 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
1,01 ± 0,28 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2004
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

136Tb

mass number136
neutron number71
Nisbiy atom massa
135,96146 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

137Tb

mass number137
neutron number72
Nisbiy atom massa
136,95602 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

138Tb

mass number138
neutron number73
Nisbiy atom massa
137,953193 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1993
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)0%

139Tb

mass number139
neutron number74
Nisbiy atom massa
138,94833 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
1,6 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1999
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

140Tb

mass number140
neutron number75
Nisbiy atom massa
139,945805048 ± 0,000859359 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,29 ± 0,15 s
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
ϵ (electron capture)3%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.26%

141Tb

mass number141
neutron number76
Nisbiy atom massa
140,941448 ± 0,000113 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
3,5 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1986
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

142Tb

mass number142
neutron number77
Nisbiy atom massa
141,939280858 ± 0,000752079 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
597 ± 17 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)96.8%
ϵ (electron capture)3.2%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0022%

143Tb

mass number143
neutron number78
Nisbiy atom massa
142,935137332 ± 0,000055 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
12 ± 1 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1985
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

144Tb

mass number144
neutron number79
Nisbiy atom massa
143,933045 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

145Tb

mass number145
neutron number80
Nisbiy atom massa
144,928717001 ± 0,000119051 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
30,9 ± 0,6 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

146Tb

mass number146
neutron number81
Nisbiy atom massa
145,927252739 ± 0,000048159 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
8 ± 4 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

147Tb

mass number147
neutron number82
Nisbiy atom massa
146,92405462 ± 0,000008691 Da
g-factor
3,42 ± 0,1
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
1,64 ± 0,03 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

148Tb

mass number148
neutron number83
Nisbiy atom massa
147,924275476 ± 0,000013379 Da
g-factor
-0,88 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
60 ± 1 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,3 ± 0,2
time of discovery or invention1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

149Tb

mass number149
neutron number84
Nisbiy atom massa
148,923253792 ± 0,000003895 Da
g-factor
2,72 ± 0,04
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
4,118 ± 0,025 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)83.3%
α (α emission)16.7%

150Tb

mass number150
neutron number85
Nisbiy atom massa
149,923664799 ± 0,000007912 Da
g-factor
-0,45 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
3,48 ± 0,16 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1959
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

151Tb

mass number151
neutron number86
Nisbiy atom massa
150,92310897 ± 0,000004395 Da
g-factor
1,852 ± 0,012
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
17,609 ± 0,001 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.9905%
α (α emission)0.0095%

152Tb

mass number152
neutron number87
Nisbiy atom massa
151,924081855 ± 0,000042955 Da
g-factor
-0,29 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
17,5 ± 0,1 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,34 ± 0,13
time of discovery or invention1959
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

153Tb

mass number153
neutron number88
Nisbiy atom massa
152,923441694 ± 0,000004237 Da
g-factor
1,388 ± 0,008
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,34 ± 0,01 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,08 ± 0,14
time of discovery or invention1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

154Tb

mass number154
neutron number89
Nisbiy atom massa
153,924683681 ± 0,000048641 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
9,994 ± 0,039 h
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)

155Tb

mass number155
neutron number90
Nisbiy atom massa
154,923509511 ± 0,000010552 Da
g-factor
1,3533333333333 ± 0,013333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
5,32 ± 0,06 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,41 ± 0,06
time of discovery or invention1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

156Tb

mass number156
neutron number91
Nisbiy atom massa
155,924754209 ± 0,000004044 Da
g-factor
0,56666666666667 ± 0,066666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
5,35 ± 0,1 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,3 ± 0,8
time of discovery or invention1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)

157Tb

mass number157
neutron number92
Nisbiy atom massa
156,924031888 ± 0,000001092 Da
g-factor
1,3533333333333 ± 0,013333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
71 ± 7 y
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,4 ± 0,08
time of discovery or invention1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

158Tb

mass number158
neutron number93
Nisbiy atom massa
157,925419942 ± 0,00000136 Da
g-factor
0,58433333333333 ± 0,0023333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
180 ± 11 y
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1957
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)83.4%
β (β decay)16.6%

159Tb

mass number159
neutron number94
Nisbiy atom massa
158,925353707 ± 0,000001184 Da
g-factor
1,3393333333333 ± 0,0026666666666667
natural abundance
100
Radioaktivlikstable isotope
Yarim yemirilish davriNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,432 ± 0,008
time of discovery or invention1933
parity+

160Tb

mass number160
neutron number95
Nisbiy atom massa
159,927174553 ± 0,000001191 Da
g-factor
0,566 ± 0,0026666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
72,3 ± 0,2 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,85 ± 0,05
time of discovery or invention1943
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

161Tb

mass number161
neutron number96
Nisbiy atom massa
160,927576806 ± 0,000001308 Da
g-factor
1,4666666666667 ± 0,066666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
6,948 ± 0,005 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,3 ± 0,6
time of discovery or invention1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

162Tb

mass number162
neutron number97
Nisbiy atom massa
161,9292754 ± 0,0000022 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
7,6 ± 0,15 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1965
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

163Tb

mass number163
neutron number98
Nisbiy atom massa
162,930653609 ± 0,000004358 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
19,5 ± 0,3 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

164Tb

mass number164
neutron number99
Nisbiy atom massa
163,933327561 ± 0,000002 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
3 ± 0,1 m
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

165Tb

mass number165
neutron number100
Nisbiy atom massa
164,934955198 ± 0,000001654 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,11 ± 0,1 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

166Tb

mass number166
neutron number101
Nisbiy atom massa
165,937939727 ± 0,00000157 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
27,1 ± 1,5 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1996
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

167Tb

mass number167
neutron number102
Nisbiy atom massa
166,940007046 ± 0,000002071 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
18,9 ± 1,6 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

168Tb

mass number168
neutron number103
Nisbiy atom massa
167,943337074 ± 0,0000045 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
9,4 ± 0,4 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1999
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

169Tb

mass number169
neutron number104
Nisbiy atom massa
168,945807 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
5,13 ± 0,32 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

170Tb

mass number170
neutron number105
Nisbiy atom massa
169,949855 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
960 ± 78 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

171Tb

mass number171
neutron number106
Nisbiy atom massa
170,953011 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
1,23 ± 0,1 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

172Tb

mass number172
neutron number107
Nisbiy atom massa
171,957391 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
760 ± 190 ms
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

173Tb

mass number173
neutron number108
Nisbiy atom massa
172,960805 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

174Tb

mass number174
neutron number109
Nisbiy atom massa
173,965679 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2018
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Terbium element

tarix

discoverer or inventorCarl Mosander
location of discoverySweden
time of discovery or invention1843
EtimologiyaNamed after Ytterby, a village in Sweden.
pronunciationTUR-bi-em (inglizcha)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
1,2 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okean)
0,00000014 mg/L
natural abundance (Inson tanasi)
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0,0000039 %
natural abundance (Quyosh)
0,00000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.2739
2p4.3076
2s17.0278
3d13.7015
3p19.9853
3s20.4485
4d34.69
4f39.1352
4p31.6012
4s30.98
5p48.039
5s45.8295
6s56.6996