Тулий

Тулий (Tm)

chemical element with the atomic number of 69
Atomic Number69
Atomic Weight168.93422
Адади массавӣ169
Group
Period6
Blockf
proton69 p+
neutron100 n0
electron69 e-
Animated Bohr model of Tm (Тулий)

Хусусияти Физикӣ

Atomic Radius
175 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
164 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
103 pm
Crystal Radius
117 pm
Van der Waals radius
227 pm
зичӣ
9,321 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Тулий0153045607590105120135150165180195210225240pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

энергия
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
6,18431 eV/particle
ionization energy of Tm (Тулий)
enthalpy of vaporization
232 kJ/mol
гармои гудозиш
standard enthalpy of formation
232,2 kJ/mol
electron
Абри электронӣ2, 8, 18, 31, 8, 2
Bohr model: Tm (Тулий)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Tm (Тулий)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f13 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f13 6s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Tm (Тулий)
Orbital Diagram of Tm (Тулий)
oxidation number0, 1, 2, 3
electronegativity
1.25
Electrophilicity Index
1,2616079623752015 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2 223,15 K
Melting Point
1 818,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ранг
Silver
appearancesilvery gray
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000133 1/K
molar heat capacity
27,03 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
навъConductor
electrical conductivity
1,4 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000007 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
навъparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,00000199 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000336179 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0185488
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
25 K
Néel temperature
56 K
сохт
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,54 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
45 GPa
shear modulus
31 GPa
Young's modulus
74 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,21
speed of sound
classification
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number20
Mendeleev Number37
Pettifor Number22
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
144 ± 15 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
105
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,025
ададҳои квантӣ2F7/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Thulium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes1

144Tm

Адади массавӣ144
neutron number75
relative atomic mass
143,976211 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,3 ± 0,9 us
spin10
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2005
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

145Tm

Адади массавӣ145
neutron number76
relative atomic mass
144,970389 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,17 ± 0,2 us
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1998
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

146Tm

Адади массавӣ146
neutron number77
relative atomic mass
145,966661 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
155 ± 20 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1993
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

147Tm

Адади массавӣ147
neutron number78
relative atomic mass
146,961379887 ± 0,000007341 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
580 ± 30 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1982
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)85%
p (proton emission)15%

148Tm

Адади массавӣ148
neutron number79
relative atomic mass
147,958384026 ± 0,000011 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
700 ± 200 ms
spin10
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

149Tm

Адади массавӣ149
neutron number80
relative atomic mass
148,952828 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
900 ± 200 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.26%

150Tm

Адади массавӣ150
neutron number81
relative atomic mass
149,95009 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

151Tm

Адади массавӣ151
neutron number82
relative atomic mass
150,945494433 ± 0,000020799 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,17 ± 0,11 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1982
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

152Tm

Адади массавӣ152
neutron number83
relative atomic mass
151,944476 ± 0,000058 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8 ± 1 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1980
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

153Tm

Адади массавӣ153
neutron number84
relative atomic mass
152,942058023 ± 0,00001286 Da
g-factor
1,26 ± 0,02
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,48 ± 0,01 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,5 ± 1
таърихи кашф1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)91%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)9%

154Tm

Адади массавӣ154
neutron number85
relative atomic mass
153,941570062 ± 0,000015471 Da
g-factor
-0,57 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,1 ± 0,3 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,4 ± 0,9
таърихи кашф1964
parity

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)54%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)46%

155Tm

Адади массавӣ155
neutron number86
relative atomic mass
154,939209576 ± 0,000010651 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21,6 ± 0,2 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.17%
α (α emission)0.83%

156Tm

Адади массавӣ156
neutron number87
relative atomic mass
155,938985746 ± 0,000015328 Da
g-factor
0,2 ± 0,015
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
83,8 ± 1,8 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,48 ± 0,11
таърихи кашф1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.064%

157Tm

Адади массавӣ157
neutron number88
relative atomic mass
156,936973 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0,952 ± 0,03
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,63 ± 0,09 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)7.5%

158Tm

Адади массавӣ158
neutron number89
relative atomic mass
157,936979525 ± 0,000027074 Da
g-factor
0,02 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,98 ± 0,06 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,74 ± 0,11
таърихи кашф1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

159Tm

Адади массавӣ159
neutron number90
relative atomic mass
158,934975 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
1,368 ± 0,012
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,13 ± 0,16 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,93 ± 0,07
таърихи кашф1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

160Tm

Адади массавӣ160
neutron number91
relative atomic mass
159,935264177 ± 0,000035089 Da
g-factor
0,16 ± 0,02
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,4 ± 0,3 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,58 ± 0,04
таърихи кашф1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

161Tm

Адади массавӣ161
neutron number92
relative atomic mass
160,933549 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0,68571428571429 ± 0,0057142857142857
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30,2 ± 0,8 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,9 ± 0,07
таърихи кашф1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

162Tm

Адади массавӣ162
neutron number93
relative atomic mass
161,934001211 ± 0,000027974 Da
g-factor
0,068 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21,7 ± 0,19 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,69 ± 0,03
таърихи кашф1963
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

163Tm

Адади массавӣ163
neutron number94
relative atomic mass
162,932658282 ± 0,00000592 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,81 ± 0,005 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

164Tm

Адади массавӣ164
neutron number95
relative atomic mass
163,933538019 ± 0,000026845 Da
g-factor
2,37 ± 0,03
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2 ± 0,1 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,71 ± 0,05
таърихи кашф1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
ϵ (electron capture)61%
e+ (positron emission)39%

165Tm

Адади массавӣ165
neutron number96
relative atomic mass
164,932441843 ± 0,000001779 Da
g-factor
-0,278 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30,06 ± 0,03 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

166Tm

Адади массавӣ166
neutron number97
relative atomic mass
165,933562136 ± 0,000012401 Da
g-factor
0,0463 ± 0,00035
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,7 ± 0,03 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,14 ± 0,03
таърихи кашф1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

167Tm

Адади массавӣ167
neutron number98
relative atomic mass
166,932857206 ± 0,00000135 Da
g-factor
-0,394 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,25 ± 0,02 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

168Tm

Адади массавӣ168
neutron number99
relative atomic mass
167,934178457 ± 0,0000018 Da
g-factor
0,075666666666667 ± 0,0036666666666667
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
93,1 ± 0,2 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,23 ± 0,07
таърихи кашф1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)0.01%

169Tm

Адади массавӣ169
neutron number100
relative atomic mass
168,934218956 ± 0,000000792 Da
g-factor
-0,462 ± 0,003
natural abundance
100
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1934
parity+

170Tm

Адади массавӣ170
neutron number101
relative atomic mass
169,935807093 ± 0,000000785 Da
g-factor
0,247 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
128,6 ± 0,3 d
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,74 ± 0,02
таърихи кашф1936
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)99.869%
ϵ (electron capture)0.131%

171Tm

Адади массавӣ171
neutron number102
relative atomic mass
170,936435162 ± 0,000001043 Da
g-factor
-0,46 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,92 ± 0,01 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

172Tm

Адади массавӣ172
neutron number103
relative atomic mass
171,938406959 ± 0,000005884 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
63,6 ± 0,3 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

173Tm

Адади массавӣ173
neutron number104
relative atomic mass
172,93960663 ± 0,000004723 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,24 ± 0,08 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

174Tm

Адади массавӣ174
neutron number105
relative atomic mass
173,942174061 ± 0,00004801 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,4 ± 0,1 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

175Tm

Адади массавӣ175
neutron number106
relative atomic mass
174,94384231 ± 0,000053677 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
15,2 ± 0,5 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1961
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

176Tm

Адади массавӣ176
neutron number107
relative atomic mass
175,946997707 ± 0,000107354 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,85 ± 0,03 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

177Tm

Адади массавӣ177
neutron number108
relative atomic mass
176,948932 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
95 ± 7 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

178Tm

Адади массавӣ178
neutron number109
relative atomic mass
177,952506 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2008
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

179Tm

Адади массавӣ179
neutron number110
relative atomic mass
178,955018 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

180Tm

Адади массавӣ180
neutron number111
relative atomic mass
179,959023 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2012
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

181Tm

Адади массавӣ181
neutron number112
relative atomic mass
180,961954 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

182Tm

Адади массавӣ182
neutron number113
relative atomic mass
181,966194 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Thulium sublimed dendritic and 1cm3 cube

таърих

кошифPer Theodor Cleve
макони кашфSweden
таърихи кашф1879
РешашиносӣFrom Thule ancient name of Scandinavia.
pronunciationTHOO-li-em (Англисӣ)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,52 mg/kg
natural abundance (Уқёнус)
0,00000017 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,0000029 %
natural abundance (Офтоб)
0,00000002 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3437
2p4.3588
2s18.0522
3d13.6257
3p20.5239
3s21.0816
4d36.056
4f40.366
4p33.012
4s31.8624
5p51.272
5s48.963
6s60.4158