Itrij

Itrij (Y)

chemical element with symbol Y and atomic number 39
Atomski broj39
Relativna atomska masa88.90584
Maseni broj89
Skupina3
Perioda5
Blokd
proton39 p+
neutron50 n0
elektron39 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Y (Itrij)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
180 pm
Molni volumen
Kovalentni Radijus
163 pm
Metallic Radius
162 pm
Ionski radijus
90 pm
Crystal Radius
104 pm
Van der Waals radius
232 pm
gustoća
4,47 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Itrij0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240pmAtomski RadijusKovalentni RadijusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Kemijsko Svojstvo

energija
proton affinity
967 kJ/mol
Elektronski afinitet
ionization energy
6,21726 eV/particle
ionization energy of Y (Itrij)
Toplina isparivanja
367 kJ/mol
toplina taljenja
11,5 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
424,7 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronska ljuska2, 8, 18, 9, 2
Bohrov model atoma: Y (Itrij)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Y (Itrij)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d1 5s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d1 5s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Y (Itrij)
Orbital Diagram of Y (Itrij)
Oksidacijski broj0, 1, 2, 3
Elektronegativnost
1.22
Electrophilicity Index
0,9002558378903806 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeČvrsto
gaseous state of matter
Vrelište
3.618,15 K
Talište
1.795,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Trojna točka
appearance
boja
Srebrna
appearancesilvery white
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Toplinska vodljivost
Toplinsko istezanje
0,0000106 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,53 J/(mol K)
Specifični toplinski kapacitet
0,298 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
1,8 MS/m
Električna otpornost i provodnost
0,00000057 m Ω
Supravodljivost
1,3 K
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Mass)
0,0000000666 m³/Kg
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Molar)
0,000000005921 m³/mol
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Volume)
0,0002978
magnetic ordering
Curieva temperatura
Néel temperature
struktura
Kristalna strukturaJednostavna heksagonska (HEX)
lattice constant
3,65 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
bulk modulus
41 GPa
shear modulus
26 GPa
Youngov modul elastičnosti
64 GPa
Poissonov omjer
0,24
brzina zvuka
3.300 m/s
classification
KategorijaPrijelazni metali, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIIA
IUPAC GroupIIIB
Glawe Number21
Mendeleev Number12
Pettifor Number19
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
945,9 kJ/mol
polarizability
162 ± 12 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Nuklearni udarni presjek
1,28
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00059
Kvantni brojevi2D3/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Yttrium

Stabilni izotopi1
Nestabilni izotopi34
Natural Isotopes1

75Y

Maseni broj75
neutron number36
Relativna atomska masa
74,96584 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

76Y

Maseni broj76
neutron number37
Relativna atomska masa
75,958937 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
28 ± 9 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2001
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
p (proton emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

77Y

Maseni broj77
neutron number38
Relativna atomska masa
76,950146 ± 0,000218 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
63 ± 17 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1999
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

78Y

Maseni broj78
neutron number39
Relativna atomska masa
77,94399 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
54 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1992
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

79Y

Maseni broj79
neutron number40
Relativna atomska masa
78,937946 ± 0,000086 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
14,8 ± 0,6 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1992
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

80Y

Maseni broj80
neutron number41
Relativna atomska masa
79,93435475 ± 0,000006701 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
30,1 ± 0,5 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1981
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

81Y

Maseni broj81
neutron number42
Relativna atomska masa
80,929454283 ± 0,000005802 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
70,4 ± 1 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1981
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

82Y

Maseni broj82
neutron number43
Relativna atomska masa
81,926930189 ± 0,000005902 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,3 ± 0,2 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1980
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

83Y

Maseni broj83
neutron number44
Relativna atomska masa
82,922484026 ± 0,00002 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,08 ± 0,08 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1962
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

84Y

Maseni broj84
neutron number45
Relativna atomska masa
83,92067106 ± 0,000004615 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
39,5 ± 0,8 m
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1962
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

85Y

Maseni broj85
neutron number46
Relativna atomska masa
84,916433039 ± 0,00002036 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,68 ± 0,05 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1952
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

86Y

Maseni broj86
neutron number47
Relativna atomska masa
85,914886095 ± 0,000015182 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
14,74 ± 0,02 h
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1951
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

87Y

Maseni broj87
neutron number48
Relativna atomska masa
86,9108761 ± 0,00000121 Da
g-factor
−0,38 ± 0,04
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
79,8 ± 0,3 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1940
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

88Y

Maseni broj88
neutron number49
Relativna atomska masa
87,909501274 ± 0,00000161 Da
g-factor
−0,105 ± 0,0025
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
106,629 ± 0,024 d
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,16 ± 0,03
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1948
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

89Y

Maseni broj89
neutron number50
Relativna atomska masa
88,905838156 ± 0,000000363 Da
g-factor
−0,274596 ± 0,00001
natural abundance
100
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1923
Parnost-

90Y

Maseni broj90
neutron number51
Relativna atomska masa
89,907141749 ± 0,000000379 Da
g-factor
−0,814 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
64,05 ± 0,05 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,125 ± 0,011
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1937
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

91Y

Maseni broj91
neutron number52
Relativna atomska masa
90,907298048 ± 0,000001978 Da
g-factor
0,3278 ± 0,0016
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
58,51 ± 0,06 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1943
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

92Y

Maseni broj92
neutron number53
Relativna atomska masa
91,908945752 ± 0,000009798 Da
g-factor
−0,335 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,54 ± 0,01 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0 ± 0,02
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1940
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

93Y

Maseni broj93
neutron number54
Relativna atomska masa
92,909578434 ± 0,000011259 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,18 ± 0,08 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1948
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

94Y

Maseni broj94
neutron number55
Relativna atomska masa
93,911592062 ± 0,000006849 Da
g-factor
−0,12 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
18,7 ± 0,1 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,03 ± 0,03
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1948
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

95Y

Maseni broj95
neutron number56
Relativna atomska masa
94,912819697 ± 0,000007277 Da
g-factor
−0,32 ± 0,06
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,3 ± 0,1 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1959
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

96Y

Maseni broj96
neutron number57
Relativna atomska masa
95,915909305 ± 0,000006521 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,34 ± 0,05 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1975
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

97Y

Maseni broj97
neutron number58
Relativna atomska masa
96,918286702 ± 0,000007201 Da
g-factor
−0,24 ± 0,02
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,75 ± 0,03 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1970
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.055%

98Y

Maseni broj98
neutron number59
Relativna atomska masa
97,922394841 ± 0,000008501 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
548 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1970
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.33%

99Y

Maseni broj99
neutron number60
Relativna atomska masa
98,924160839 ± 0,000007101 Da
g-factor
1,272 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,484 ± 0,007 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,55 ± 0,17
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1975
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.77%

100Y

Maseni broj100
neutron number61
Relativna atomska masa
99,927727678 ± 0,000012 Da
g-factor
0,6875 ± 0,0025
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
940 ± 30 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1977
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

101Y

Maseni broj101
neutron number62
Relativna atomska masa
100,930160817 ± 0,000007601 Da
g-factor
1,288 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
426 ± 20 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,53 ± 0,17
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1983
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.3%

102Y

Maseni broj102
neutron number63
Relativna atomska masa
101,934328471 ± 0,000004381 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
360 ± 40 ms
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1980
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.6%

103Y

Maseni broj103
neutron number64
Relativna atomska masa
102,937243796 ± 0,000012029 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
239 ± 12 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8%

104Y

Maseni broj104
neutron number65
Relativna atomska masa
103,941943 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
197 ± 4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)34%
2n (2-neutron emission)

105Y

Maseni broj105
neutron number66
Relativna atomska masa
104,945711 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
95 ± 9 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)82%
2n (2-neutron emission)

106Y

Maseni broj106
neutron number67
Relativna atomska masa
105,950842 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
75 ± 6 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1997
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

107Y

Maseni broj107
neutron number68
Relativna atomska masa
106,954943 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
33,5 ± 0,3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1997
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

108Y

Maseni broj108
neutron number69
Relativna atomska masa
107,960515 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
30 ± 5 ms
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

109Y

Maseni broj109
neutron number70
Relativna atomska masa
108,965131 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
25 ± 5 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Yttrium sublimed dendritic and 1cm3 cube

povijest

otkrio/izumioJohann Gadolin
location of discoveryFinland
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1789
EtimologijaFrom the Swedish village, Ytterby, where one of its minerals was first found.
pronunciationIT-ri-em (engleski)

source

Obilnost
Zastupljenost u Zemljinoj kori
natural abundance (ocean)
0,000013 mg/L
natural abundance (tijelo)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,00019 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,000001 %
Zastupljenost u svemiru
0,0000007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.8244
2p3.9968
2s10.3778
3d13.6029
3p15.9075
3s15.4485
4d23.0416
4p26.2544
4s24.7364
5s32.744