Yterbium

Yterbium (Yb)

element with the atomic number of 70
Atomic Number70
Atomic Weight173.045
Nombor jisim174
Group
Period6
Blockf
proton70 p+
neutron104 n0
Elektron70 e-
Animated Model Bohr of Yb (Yterbium)

Sifat Fizikal

Jejari Atom
175 pm
molar volume
Jejari kovalen
170 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
102 pm
Crystal Radius
116 pm
Jejari van der Waals
226 pm
ketumpatan
6.9 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Yterbium0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmJejari AtomJejari KovalenMetallic RadiusJejari van der Waals

Sifat Kimia

tenaga
proton affinity
Pertalian elektron
ionization energy
6.25416 eV/particle
ionization energy of Yb (Yterbium)
Entalpi pengewapan
159 kJ/mol
entalpi pelakuran
3.35 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
155.6 kJ/mol
Elektron
Petala elektron2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2
Model Bohr: Yb (Yterbium)
Elektron valens2
Teori ion Lewis: Yb (Yterbium)
tatarajah elektron[Xe] 4f14 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 6s2
Enhanced Model Bohr of Yb (Yterbium)
Orbital Diagram of Yb (Yterbium)
Keadaan pengoksidaan0, 1, 2, 3
Keelektronegatifan
Electrophilicity Index
0.7743018767771305 eV/particle
keadaan jirim asas
fasa jirimSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1,469.15 K
Melting Point
1,097.15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
rupa
warna
Silver
rupa
indeks biasan
sifat bahan
Thermal Conductivity
Pengembangan terma
0.0000263 1/K
molar heat capacity
26.74 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.155 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Kekonduksian elektrik
3.6 MS/m
Kerintangan dan kekonduksian elektrik
0.00000028 m Ω
Kesuperkonduksian
kemagnetan
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0.0000000059 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0.00000000102 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0.0000388
magnetic ordering
Suhu Curie
Néel temperature
struktur
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
5.49 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
Modulus pukal
31 GPa
shear modulus
9.9 GPa
Young's modulus
24 GPa
Nisbah Poisson
0.21
Kelajuan bunyi
1,590 m/s
pengelasan
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number18
Mendeleev Number39
Pettifor Number17
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
139 ± 6 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
35
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.0076
Nombor kuantum1S0
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Ytterbium

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes33
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition17432.03%17432.03%17221.69%17221.69%17316.10%17316.10%17114.09%17114.09%17613.00%17613.00%1702.98%1702.98%1680.12%1680.12%

148Yb

Nombor jisim148
nombor neutron78
jisim atom relatif
147.967547 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

149Yb

Nombor jisim149
nombor neutron79
jisim atom relatif
148.964219 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
700 ± 200 ms
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2001
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)100%

150Yb

Nombor jisim150
nombor neutron80
jisim atom relatif
149.958314 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2000
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

151Yb

Nombor jisim151
nombor neutron81
jisim atom relatif
150.955402453 ± 0.000322591 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.6 ± 0.5 s
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1985
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

152Yb

Nombor jisim152
nombor neutron82
jisim atom relatif
151.950326699 ± 0.000160718 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.03 ± 0.06 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1982
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

153Yb

Nombor jisim153
nombor neutron83
jisim atom relatif
152.949372 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.2 ± 0.2 s
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1977
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.008%

154Yb

Nombor jisim154
nombor neutron84
jisim atom relatif
153.946395696 ± 0.000018551 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
409 ± 2 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1964
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)92.6%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)7.4%

155Yb

Nombor jisim155
nombor neutron85
jisim atom relatif
154.945783216 ± 0.00001782 Da
g-factor
-0.26 ± 0.0057142857142857
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.793 ± 0.02 s
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.5 ± 0.3
tarikh penemuan1964
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)89%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)11%

156Yb

Nombor jisim156
nombor neutron86
jisim atom relatif
155.942817096 ± 0.000009992 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
26.1 ± 0.7 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1970
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)90%
α (α emission)10%

157Yb

Nombor jisim157
nombor neutron87
jisim atom relatif
156.942651368 ± 0.000011706 Da
g-factor
-0.182 ± 0.0022857142857143
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
38.6 ± 1 s
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1970
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

158Yb

Nombor jisim158
nombor neutron88
jisim atom relatif
157.939871202 ± 0.000008559 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.49 ± 0.13 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1967
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0021%

159Yb

Nombor jisim159
nombor neutron89
jisim atom relatif
158.940060257 ± 0.000018874 Da
g-factor
-0.146 ± 0.0032
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.67 ± 0.09 m
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.22 ± 0.02
tarikh penemuan1975
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

160Yb

Nombor jisim160
nombor neutron90
jisim atom relatif
159.93755921 ± 0.0000059 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.8 ± 0.2 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1967
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

161Yb

Nombor jisim161
nombor neutron91
jisim atom relatif
160.937912384 ± 0.000016211 Da
g-factor
-0.21733333333333 ± 0.0053333333333333
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.2 ± 0.2 m
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1.03 ± 0.02
tarikh penemuan1974
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

162Yb

Nombor jisim162
nombor neutron92
jisim atom relatif
161.935779342 ± 0.000016213 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
18.87 ± 0.19 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1963
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

163Yb

Nombor jisim163
nombor neutron93
jisim atom relatif
162.936345406 ± 0.000016215 Da
g-factor
-0.24866666666667 ± 0.0053333333333333
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
11.05 ± 0.35 m
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1.24 ± 0.02
tarikh penemuan1967
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

164Yb

Nombor jisim164
nombor neutron94
jisim atom relatif
163.934500743 ± 0.000016217 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
75.8 ± 1.7 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1960
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)100%

165Yb

Nombor jisim165
nombor neutron95
jisim atom relatif
164.935270241 ± 0.00002849 Da
g-factor
0.1908 ± 0.0032
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
9.9 ± 0.3 m
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2.48 ± 0.04
tarikh penemuan1964
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

166Yb

Nombor jisim166
nombor neutron96
jisim atom relatif
165.933876439 ± 0.000007515 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
56.7 ± 0.1 h
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1954
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)100%

167Yb

Nombor jisim167
nombor neutron97
jisim atom relatif
166.934954069 ± 0.000004251 Da
g-factor
0.2484 ± 0.0032
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
17.5 ± 0.2 m
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2.7 ± 0.04
tarikh penemuan1954
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

168Yb

Nombor jisim168
nombor neutron98
jisim atom relatif
167.933891297 ± 0.0000001 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0.123 ± 0.003
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1938
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)
+ (double β+ decay)

169Yb

Nombor jisim169
nombor neutron99
jisim atom relatif
168.935184208 ± 0.000000191 Da
g-factor
-0.18085714285714 ± 0.0022857142857143
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
32.014 ± 0.005 d
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3.54 ± 0.06
tarikh penemuan1946
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)100%

170Yb

Nombor jisim170
nombor neutron100
jisim atom relatif
169.934767242 ± 0.000000011 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
2.982 ± 0.039
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1938
parity+

171Yb

Nombor jisim171
nombor neutron101
jisim atom relatif
170.936331515 ± 0.000000013 Da
g-factor
0.9846 ± 0.0008
natural abundance
14.086 ± 0.14
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1934
parity-

172Yb

Nombor jisim172
nombor neutron102
jisim atom relatif
171.936386654 ± 0.000000014 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
21.686 ± 0.13
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1934
parity+

173Yb

Nombor jisim173
nombor neutron103
jisim atom relatif
172.938216211 ± 0.000000012 Da
g-factor
-0.2712 ± 0.00024
natural abundance
16.103 ± 0.063
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2.8 ± 0.04
tarikh penemuan1934
parity-

174Yb

Nombor jisim174
nombor neutron104
jisim atom relatif
173.938867545 ± 0.000000011 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
32.025 ± 0.08
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1934
parity+

175Yb

Nombor jisim175
nombor neutron105
jisim atom relatif
174.941281907 ± 0.000000076 Da
g-factor
0.21885714285714 ± 0.0022857142857143
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.185 ± 0.001 d
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3.52 ± 0.05
tarikh penemuan1945
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

176Yb

Nombor jisim176
nombor neutron106
jisim atom relatif
175.942574706 ± 0.000000015 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
12.995 ± 0.083
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1934
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
(double β decay)
α (α emission)

177Yb

Nombor jisim177
nombor neutron107
jisim atom relatif
176.945263846 ± 0.000000236 Da
g-factor
-0.15444444444444 ± 0.0033333333333333
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.911 ± 0.003 h
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
4.03 ± 0.06
tarikh penemuan1945
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

178Yb

Nombor jisim178
nombor neutron108
jisim atom relatif
177.9466694 ± 0.000007072 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
74 ± 3 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1973
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

179Yb

Nombor jisim179
nombor neutron109
jisim atom relatif
178.94993 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
8 ± 0.4 m
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1982
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

180Yb

Nombor jisim180
nombor neutron110
jisim atom relatif
179.951991 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.4 ± 0.5 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1987
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

181Yb

Nombor jisim181
nombor neutron111
jisim atom relatif
180.95589 ± 0.00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2000
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)

182Yb

Nombor jisim182
nombor neutron112
jisim atom relatif
181.958239 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2012
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)

183Yb

Nombor jisim183
nombor neutron113
jisim atom relatif
182.962426 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2012
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)

184Yb

Nombor jisim184
nombor neutron114
jisim atom relatif
183.965002 ± 0.00054 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2012
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)

185Yb

Nombor jisim185
nombor neutron115
jisim atom relatif
184.969425 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2012
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
Ytterbium element

sejarah

penemu atau perekaJean de Marignac
tempat penemuanSwitzerland
tarikh penemuan1878
EtimologiNamed for the Swedish village of Ytterby.
sebutani-TUR-bi-em (Inggeris)

sumber

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
3.2 mg/kg
natural abundance (lautan)
0.00000082 mg/L
natural abundance (Tubuh manusia)
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0.000018 %
natural abundance (Matahari)
0.0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0.0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3611
2p4.3716
2s18.306
3d13.6033
3p20.6635
3s21.2398
4d36.4104
4f40.568
4p33.598
4s32.4824
5p52.1685
5s49.85
6s61.4068