Zinka

Zinka (Zn)

30 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number30
Atomic Weight65.38
masa-zenbaki64
Group12
Period4
Blockd
protoi30 p+
neutroi34 n0
elektroi30 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Zn (Zinka)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
135 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
118 pm
Metallic Radius
121 pm
Erradio ioniko
60 pm
Crystal Radius
74 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
201 pm
dentsitatea
7,134 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Zinka0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
608,6 kJ/mol
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
9,394199 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Zn (Zinka)
Irakite-entalpia
114,8 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
7,28 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
130,4 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 2
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Zn (Zinka)
balentzia-elektroi2
Lewis egitura: Zn (Zinka)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d10 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Zn (Zinka)
Orbital Diagram of Zn (Zinka)
Oxidazio-egoera-2, 0, 1, 2
Elektronegatibotasun
1.65
Electrophilicity Index
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
1.180,15 K
Melting Point
692,677 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Slate Gray
appearancesilver-gray
errefrakzio-indize
1,00205
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
Bero-dilatazio
0,0000302 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,39 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,388 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
17 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,00000005900000000001 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
0,85 K
Magnetismo
typediamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
−0,00000000221 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
−0,000000000145 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
−0,0000158
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
2,66 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
2,5 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
70 GPa
Zizaila modulua
43 GPa
Youngen modulu
108 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,25
Soinuaren lastertasun
3.700 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIB
IUPAC GroupIIB
Glawe Number74
Mendeleev Number77
Pettifor Number76
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
586 kJ/mol
polarizability
38,67 ± 0,3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
284 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
1,1
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00055
zenbaki kuantiko1S0
talde espazial194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Zinc

Stable Isotopes3
Unstable Isotopes30
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition6449.17%6449.17%6627.73%6627.73%6818.45%6818.45%674.04%674.04%700.61%700.61%

54Zn

masa-zenbaki54
neutron number24
atomo-masa erlatibo
53,993879 ± 0,000232 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,8 ± 0,5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2005
parity+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)87%

55Zn

masa-zenbaki55
neutron number25
atomo-masa erlatibo
54,984681 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
19,8 ± 1,3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2001
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)91%

56Zn

masa-zenbaki56
neutron number26
atomo-masa erlatibo
55,972743 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
32,4 ± 0,7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)88%

57Zn

masa-zenbaki57
neutron number27
atomo-masa erlatibo
56,965056 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
45,7 ± 0,6 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)87%

58Zn

masa-zenbaki58
neutron number28
atomo-masa erlatibo
57,954590296 ± 0,000053678 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
86 ± 1,9 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.7%

59Zn

masa-zenbaki59
neutron number29
atomo-masa erlatibo
58,949311886 ± 0,000000814 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
178,7 ± 1,3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.1%

60Zn

masa-zenbaki60
neutron number30
atomo-masa erlatibo
59,941841317 ± 0,000000588 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,38 ± 0,05 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

61Zn

masa-zenbaki61
neutron number31
atomo-masa erlatibo
60,939506964 ± 0,000017068 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
89,1 ± 0,2 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

62Zn

masa-zenbaki62
neutron number32
atomo-masa erlatibo
61,934333359 ± 0,00000066 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,193 ± 0,015 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

63Zn

masa-zenbaki63
neutron number33
atomo-masa erlatibo
62,93321114 ± 0,000001674 Da
g-factor
−0,18762 ± 0,000033333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
38,47 ± 0,05 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

64Zn

masa-zenbaki64
neutron number34
atomo-masa erlatibo
63,929141776 ± 0,00000069 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
49,17 ± 0,75
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

65Zn

masa-zenbaki65
neutron number35
atomo-masa erlatibo
64,929240534 ± 0,000000693 Da
g-factor
0,30736 ± 0,00008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
243,94 ± 0,04 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,019 ± 0,002
aurkikuntza-data1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

66Zn

masa-zenbaki66
neutron number36
atomo-masa erlatibo
65,926033639 ± 0,000000798 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
27,73 ± 0,98
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1922
parity+

67Zn

masa-zenbaki67
neutron number37
atomo-masa erlatibo
66,927127422 ± 0,00000081 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
4,04 ± 0,16
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,122 ± 0,01
aurkikuntza-data1928
parity-

68Zn

masa-zenbaki68
neutron number38
atomo-masa erlatibo
67,924844232 ± 0,000000835 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
18,45 ± 0,63
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1922
parity+

69Zn

masa-zenbaki69
neutron number39
atomo-masa erlatibo
68,92655036 ± 0,000000853 Da
g-factor
1,114 ± 0,004
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
56,4 ± 0,9 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

70Zn

masa-zenbaki70
neutron number40
atomo-masa erlatibo
69,925319175 ± 0,000002058 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,61 ± 0,1
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

71Zn

masa-zenbaki71
neutron number41
atomo-masa erlatibo
70,927719578 ± 0,000002849 Da
g-factor
1,102 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,4 ± 0,05 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

72Zn

masa-zenbaki72
neutron number42
atomo-masa erlatibo
71,926842806 ± 0,0000023 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
46,5 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

73Zn

masa-zenbaki73
neutron number43
atomo-masa erlatibo
72,92958258 ± 0,000002 Da
g-factor
1,1162 ± 0,001
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
24,5 ± 0,2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

74Zn

masa-zenbaki74
neutron number44
atomo-masa erlatibo
73,92940726 ± 0,0000027 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
95,6 ± 1,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

75Zn

masa-zenbaki75
neutron number45
atomo-masa erlatibo
74,932840244 ± 0,0000021 Da
g-factor
−0,22517142857143 ± 0,00025714285714286
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,2 ± 0,2 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,16 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

76Zn

masa-zenbaki76
neutron number46
atomo-masa erlatibo
75,933114956 ± 0,000001562 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,7 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

77Zn

masa-zenbaki77
neutron number47
atomo-masa erlatibo
76,936887197 ± 0,000002117 Da
g-factor
−0,25905714285714 ± 0,000028571428571429
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,08 ± 0,05 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,48 ± 0,04
aurkikuntza-data1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

78Zn

masa-zenbaki78
neutron number48
atomo-masa erlatibo
77,938289204 ± 0,000002086 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,47 ± 0,15 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

79Zn

masa-zenbaki79
neutron number49
atomo-masa erlatibo
78,942638067 ± 0,000002388 Da
g-factor
−0,26348888888889 ± 0,00022222222222222
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
746 ± 42 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,4 ± 0,04
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.7%

80Zn

masa-zenbaki80
neutron number50
atomo-masa erlatibo
79,944552929 ± 0,000002774 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
562,2 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.36%

81Zn

masa-zenbaki81
neutron number51
atomo-masa erlatibo
80,950402617 ± 0,0000054 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
299,4 ± 2,1 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%
2n (2-neutron emission)

82Zn

masa-zenbaki82
neutron number52
atomo-masa erlatibo
81,954574097 ± 0,0000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
177,9 ± 2,5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)69%
2n (2-neutron emission)

83Zn

masa-zenbaki83
neutron number53
atomo-masa erlatibo
82,961041 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
100 ± 3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)71%
2n (2-neutron emission)

84Zn

masa-zenbaki84
neutron number54
atomo-masa erlatibo
83,965829 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
54 ± 8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)73%
2n (2-neutron emission)

85Zn

masa-zenbaki85
neutron number55
atomo-masa erlatibo
84,973054 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

86Zn

masa-zenbaki86
neutron number56
atomo-masa erlatibo
85,978463 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Zinc fragment sublimed and 1cm3 cube

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaKnown to the ancients.
aurkikuntzaren lekua
aurkikuntza-data
etimologiaGerman: zink (German for tin).
pronunciationZINK (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,0049 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
0,0033 %
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,018 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,0002 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00003 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6755
2p3.902
2s8.172
3d16.1217
3p14.6307
3s13.7808
4s24.0348