Çînko

Çînko (Zn)

chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30
Atomic Number30
Atomic Weight65.38
Hejmara baristeyî64
Group12
Period4
Blockd
Proton30 p+
Notron34 n0
Kareva30 e-
Animated Bohr model of Zn (Çînko)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
135 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
118 pm
Metallic Radius
121 pm
ionic radius
60 pm
Crystal Radius
74 pm
Van der Waals radius
201 pm
density
7,134 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Çînko0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

wize
proton affinity
608,6 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
9,394199 eV/particle
ionization energy of Zn (Çînko)
enthalpy of vaporization
114,8 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
7,28 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
130,4 kJ/mol
Kareva
electron shell2, 8, 18, 2
Bohr model: Zn (Çînko)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Zn (Çînko)
electron configuration[Ar] 3d10 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Zn (Çînko)
Orbital Diagram of Zn (Çînko)
oxidation number-2, 0, 1, 2
electronegativity
1.65
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1.180,15 K
Melting Point
692,677 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
color
Slate Gray
appearancesilver-gray
refractive index
1,00205
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000302 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,39 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,388 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
17 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000005900000000001 m Ω
superconductivity
0,85 K
magnetism
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,00000000221 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000145 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000158
magnetic ordering
Germahiya Curie
Néel temperature
pêkhate
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
2,66 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
2,5 MPa
bulk modulus
70 GPa
shear modulus
43 GPa
Young's modulus
108 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,25
Leza dengê
3.700 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIB
IUPAC GroupIIB
Glawe Number74
Mendeleev Number77
Pettifor Number76
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
586 kJ/mol
polarizability
38,67 ± 0,3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
284 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
1,1
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00055
quantum number1S0
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Zinc

Stable Isotopes3
Unstable Isotopes30
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition6449.17%6449.17%6627.73%6627.73%6818.45%6818.45%674.04%674.04%700.61%700.61%

54Zn

Hejmara baristeyî54
neutron number24
Giraniya atomê
53,993879 ± 0,000232 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,8 ± 0,5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2005
parity+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)87%

55Zn

Hejmara baristeyî55
neutron number25
Giraniya atomê
54,984681 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
19,8 ± 1,3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2001
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)91%

56Zn

Hejmara baristeyî56
neutron number26
Giraniya atomê
55,972743 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
32,4 ± 0,7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)88%

57Zn

Hejmara baristeyî57
neutron number27
Giraniya atomê
56,965056 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
45,7 ± 0,6 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)87%

58Zn

Hejmara baristeyî58
neutron number28
Giraniya atomê
57,954590296 ± 0,000053678 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
86 ± 1,9 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.7%

59Zn

Hejmara baristeyî59
neutron number29
Giraniya atomê
58,949311886 ± 0,000000814 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
178,7 ± 1,3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.1%

60Zn

Hejmara baristeyî60
neutron number30
Giraniya atomê
59,941841317 ± 0,000000588 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,38 ± 0,05 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

61Zn

Hejmara baristeyî61
neutron number31
Giraniya atomê
60,939506964 ± 0,000017068 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
89,1 ± 0,2 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

62Zn

Hejmara baristeyî62
neutron number32
Giraniya atomê
61,934333359 ± 0,00000066 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,193 ± 0,015 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

63Zn

Hejmara baristeyî63
neutron number33
Giraniya atomê
62,93321114 ± 0,000001674 Da
g-factor
-0,18762 ± 0,000033333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
38,47 ± 0,05 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 0,02
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

64Zn

Hejmara baristeyî64
neutron number34
Giraniya atomê
63,929141776 ± 0,00000069 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
49,17 ± 0,75
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

65Zn

Hejmara baristeyî65
neutron number35
Giraniya atomê
64,929240534 ± 0,000000693 Da
g-factor
0,30736 ± 0,00008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
243,94 ± 0,04 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,019 ± 0,002
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

66Zn

Hejmara baristeyî66
neutron number36
Giraniya atomê
65,926033639 ± 0,000000798 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
27,73 ± 0,98
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1922
parity+

67Zn

Hejmara baristeyî67
neutron number37
Giraniya atomê
66,927127422 ± 0,00000081 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
4,04 ± 0,16
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,122 ± 0,01
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1928
parity-

68Zn

Hejmara baristeyî68
neutron number38
Giraniya atomê
67,924844232 ± 0,000000835 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
18,45 ± 0,63
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1922
parity+

69Zn

Hejmara baristeyî69
neutron number39
Giraniya atomê
68,92655036 ± 0,000000853 Da
g-factor
1,114 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
56,4 ± 0,9 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

70Zn

Hejmara baristeyî70
neutron number40
Giraniya atomê
69,925319175 ± 0,000002058 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,61 ± 0,1
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

71Zn

Hejmara baristeyî71
neutron number41
Giraniya atomê
70,927719578 ± 0,000002849 Da
g-factor
1,102 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,4 ± 0,05 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

72Zn

Hejmara baristeyî72
neutron number42
Giraniya atomê
71,926842806 ± 0,0000023 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
46,5 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

73Zn

Hejmara baristeyî73
neutron number43
Giraniya atomê
72,92958258 ± 0,000002 Da
g-factor
1,1162 ± 0,001
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
24,5 ± 0,2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

74Zn

Hejmara baristeyî74
neutron number44
Giraniya atomê
73,92940726 ± 0,0000027 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
95,6 ± 1,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

75Zn

Hejmara baristeyî75
neutron number45
Giraniya atomê
74,932840244 ± 0,0000021 Da
g-factor
-0,22517142857143 ± 0,00025714285714286
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,2 ± 0,2 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,16 ± 0,02
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

76Zn

Hejmara baristeyî76
neutron number46
Giraniya atomê
75,933114956 ± 0,000001562 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,7 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

77Zn

Hejmara baristeyî77
neutron number47
Giraniya atomê
76,936887197 ± 0,000002117 Da
g-factor
-0,25905714285714 ± 0,000028571428571429
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,08 ± 0,05 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,48 ± 0,04
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

78Zn

Hejmara baristeyî78
neutron number48
Giraniya atomê
77,938289204 ± 0,000002086 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,47 ± 0,15 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

79Zn

Hejmara baristeyî79
neutron number49
Giraniya atomê
78,942638067 ± 0,000002388 Da
g-factor
-0,26348888888889 ± 0,00022222222222222
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
746 ± 42 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,4 ± 0,04
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.7%

80Zn

Hejmara baristeyî80
neutron number50
Giraniya atomê
79,944552929 ± 0,000002774 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
562,2 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.36%

81Zn

Hejmara baristeyî81
neutron number51
Giraniya atomê
80,950402617 ± 0,0000054 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
299,4 ± 2,1 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%
2n (2-neutron emission)

82Zn

Hejmara baristeyî82
neutron number52
Giraniya atomê
81,954574097 ± 0,0000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
177,9 ± 2,5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)69%
2n (2-neutron emission)

83Zn

Hejmara baristeyî83
neutron number53
Giraniya atomê
82,961041 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
100 ± 3 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)71%
2n (2-neutron emission)

84Zn

Hejmara baristeyî84
neutron number54
Giraniya atomê
83,965829 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
54 ± 8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)73%
2n (2-neutron emission)

85Zn

Hejmara baristeyî85
neutron number55
Giraniya atomê
84,973054 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

86Zn

Hejmara baristeyî86
neutron number56
Giraniya atomê
85,978463 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Zinc fragment sublimed and 1cm3 cube

dîrok

kaşîf an îcadkerKnown to the ancients.
location of discovery
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
BêjenasîGerman: zink (German for tin).
pronunciationZINK (îngilîzî)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (Okyanûs)
0,0049 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,0033 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,018 %
natural abundance (Roj)
0,0002 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00003 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6755
2p3.902
2s8.172
3d16.1217
3p14.6307
3s13.7808
4s24.0348