Zink, ²Seng

Zink, ²Seng (Zn)

chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30
Atomic Number30
Atomic Weight65.38
Nombor jisim64
Group12
Period4
Blockd
proton30 p+
neutron34 n0
Elektron30 e-
Animated Model Bohr of Zn (Zink, ²Seng)

Sifat Fizikal

Jejari Atom
135 pm
molar volume
Jejari kovalen
118 pm
Metallic Radius
121 pm
ionic radius
60 pm
Crystal Radius
74 pm
Jejari van der Waals
201 pm
ketumpatan
7.134 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Zink, ²Seng0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmJejari AtomJejari KovalenMetallic RadiusJejari van der Waals

Sifat Kimia

tenaga
proton affinity
608.6 kJ/mol
Pertalian elektron
ionization energy
9.394199 eV/particle
ionization energy of Zn (Zink, ²Seng)
Entalpi pengewapan
114.8 kJ/mol
entalpi pelakuran
7.28 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
130.4 kJ/mol
Elektron
Petala elektron2, 8, 18, 2
Model Bohr: Zn (Zink, ²Seng)
Elektron valens2
Teori ion Lewis: Zn (Zink, ²Seng)
tatarajah elektron[Ar] 3d10 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2
Enhanced Model Bohr of Zn (Zink, ²Seng)
Orbital Diagram of Zn (Zink, ²Seng)
Keadaan pengoksidaan-2, 0, 1, 2
Keelektronegatifan
1.65
Electrophilicity Index
keadaan jirim asas
fasa jirimSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1,180.15 K
Melting Point
692.677 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
rupa
warna
Slate Gray
rupasilver-gray
indeks biasan
1.00205
sifat bahan
Thermal Conductivity
Pengembangan terma
0.0000302 1/K
molar heat capacity
25.39 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.388 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Kekonduksian elektrik
17 MS/m
Kerintangan dan kekonduksian elektrik
0.00000005900000000001 m Ω
Kesuperkonduksian
0.85 K
kemagnetan
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0.00000000221 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0.000000000145 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0.0000158
magnetic ordering
Suhu Curie
Néel temperature
struktur
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
2.66 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
2.5 MPa
Modulus pukal
70 GPa
shear modulus
43 GPa
Young's modulus
108 GPa
Nisbah Poisson
0.25
Kelajuan bunyi
3,700 m/s
pengelasan
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIB
IUPAC GroupIIB
Glawe Number74
Mendeleev Number77
Pettifor Number76
Geochemical Classfirst series transition metal
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
586 kJ/mol
polarizability
38.67 ± 0.3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
284 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
1.1
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.00055
Nombor kuantum1S0
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Zinc

Stable Isotopes3
Unstable Isotopes30
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition6449.17%6449.17%6627.73%6627.73%6818.45%6818.45%674.04%674.04%700.61%700.61%

54Zn

Nombor jisim54
nombor neutron24
jisim atom relatif
53.993879 ± 0.000232 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.8 ± 0.5 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2005
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
2p (2-proton emission)87%

55Zn

Nombor jisim55
nombor neutron25
jisim atom relatif
54.984681 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
19.8 ± 1.3 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2001
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)91%

56Zn

Nombor jisim56
nombor neutron26
jisim atom relatif
55.972743 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
32.4 ± 0.7 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2001
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)88%

57Zn

Nombor jisim57
nombor neutron27
jisim atom relatif
56.965056 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
45.7 ± 0.6 ms
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1976
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)87%

58Zn

Nombor jisim58
nombor neutron28
jisim atom relatif
57.954590296 ± 0.000053678 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
86 ± 1.9 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1986
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.7%

59Zn

Nombor jisim59
nombor neutron29
jisim atom relatif
58.949311886 ± 0.000000814 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
178.7 ± 1.3 ms
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1981
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.1%

60Zn

Nombor jisim60
nombor neutron30
jisim atom relatif
59.941841317 ± 0.000000588 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.38 ± 0.05 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1955
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

61Zn

Nombor jisim61
nombor neutron31
jisim atom relatif
60.939506964 ± 0.000017068 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
89.1 ± 0.2 s
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1955
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

62Zn

Nombor jisim62
nombor neutron32
jisim atom relatif
61.934333359 ± 0.00000066 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
9.193 ± 0.015 h
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1948
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

63Zn

Nombor jisim63
nombor neutron33
jisim atom relatif
62.93321114 ± 0.000001674 Da
g-factor
-0.18762 ± 0.000033333333333333
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
38.47 ± 0.05 m
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.2 ± 0.02
tarikh penemuan1937
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

64Zn

Nombor jisim64
nombor neutron34
jisim atom relatif
63.929141776 ± 0.00000069 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
49.17 ± 0.75
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1922
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
+ (double β+ decay)

65Zn

Nombor jisim65
nombor neutron35
jisim atom relatif
64.929240534 ± 0.000000693 Da
g-factor
0.30736 ± 0.00008
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
243.94 ± 0.04 d
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.019 ± 0.002
tarikh penemuan1939
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

66Zn

Nombor jisim66
nombor neutron36
jisim atom relatif
65.926033639 ± 0.000000798 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
27.73 ± 0.98
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1922
parity+

67Zn

Nombor jisim67
nombor neutron37
jisim atom relatif
66.927127422 ± 0.00000081 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
4.04 ± 0.16
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.122 ± 0.01
tarikh penemuan1928
parity-

68Zn

Nombor jisim68
nombor neutron38
jisim atom relatif
67.924844232 ± 0.000000835 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
18.45 ± 0.63
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1922
parity+

69Zn

Nombor jisim69
nombor neutron39
jisim atom relatif
68.92655036 ± 0.000000853 Da
g-factor
1.114 ± 0.004
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
56.4 ± 0.9 m
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1937
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

70Zn

Nombor jisim70
nombor neutron40
jisim atom relatif
69.925319175 ± 0.000002058 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0.61 ± 0.1
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1922
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
(double β decay)

71Zn

Nombor jisim71
nombor neutron41
jisim atom relatif
70.927719578 ± 0.000002849 Da
g-factor
1.102 ± 0.002
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.4 ± 0.05 m
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1955
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

72Zn

Nombor jisim72
nombor neutron42
jisim atom relatif
71.926842806 ± 0.0000023 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
46.5 ± 0.1 h
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1951
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

73Zn

Nombor jisim73
nombor neutron43
jisim atom relatif
72.92958258 ± 0.000002 Da
g-factor
1.1162 ± 0.001
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
24.5 ± 0.2 s
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1972
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

74Zn

Nombor jisim74
nombor neutron44
jisim atom relatif
73.92940726 ± 0.0000027 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
95.6 ± 1.2 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1972
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

75Zn

Nombor jisim75
nombor neutron45
jisim atom relatif
74.932840244 ± 0.0000021 Da
g-factor
-0.22517142857143 ± 0.00025714285714286
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
10.2 ± 0.2 s
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.16 ± 0.02
tarikh penemuan1974
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

76Zn

Nombor jisim76
nombor neutron46
jisim atom relatif
75.933114956 ± 0.000001562 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.7 ± 0.3 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1974
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

77Zn

Nombor jisim77
nombor neutron47
jisim atom relatif
76.936887197 ± 0.000002117 Da
g-factor
-0.25905714285714 ± 0.000028571428571429
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.08 ± 0.05 s
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.48 ± 0.04
tarikh penemuan1977
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

78Zn

Nombor jisim78
nombor neutron48
jisim atom relatif
77.938289204 ± 0.000002086 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.47 ± 0.15 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1977
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

79Zn

Nombor jisim79
nombor neutron49
jisim atom relatif
78.942638067 ± 0.000002388 Da
g-factor
-0.26348888888889 ± 0.00022222222222222
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
746 ± 42 ms
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.4 ± 0.04
tarikh penemuan1981
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.7%

80Zn

Nombor jisim80
nombor neutron50
jisim atom relatif
79.944552929 ± 0.000002774 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
562.2 ± 3 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1981
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.36%

81Zn

Nombor jisim81
nombor neutron51
jisim atom relatif
80.950402617 ± 0.0000054 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
299.4 ± 2.1 ms
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1991
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%
2n (2-neutron emission)

82Zn

Nombor jisim82
nombor neutron52
jisim atom relatif
81.954574097 ± 0.0000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
177.9 ± 2.5 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1997
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)69%
2n (2-neutron emission)

83Zn

Nombor jisim83
nombor neutron53
jisim atom relatif
82.961041 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
100 ± 3 ms
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1997
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)71%
2n (2-neutron emission)

84Zn

Nombor jisim84
nombor neutron54
jisim atom relatif
83.965829 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
54 ± 8 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2010
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)73%
2n (2-neutron emission)

85Zn

Nombor jisim85
nombor neutron55
jisim atom relatif
84.973054 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2010
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

86Zn

Nombor jisim86
nombor neutron56
jisim atom relatif
85.978463 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Zinc fragment sublimed and 1cm3 cube

sejarah

penemu atau perekaKnown to the ancients.
tempat penemuan
tarikh penemuan
EtimologiGerman: zink (German for tin).
sebutanZINK (Inggeris)

sumber

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (lautan)
0.0049 mg/L
natural abundance (Tubuh manusia)
0.0033 %
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0.018 %
natural abundance (Matahari)
0.0002 %
Abundance in Universe
0.00003 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.6755
2p3.902
2s8.172
3d16.1217
3p14.6307
3s13.7808
4s24.0348