Sirkonium

Sirkonium (Zr)

chemical element with symbol Zr and atomic number 40
Atomic Number40
Atomic Weight91.224
Massagetal90
Group4
Period5
Blockd
proton40 p+
neutron50 n0
elektron40 e-
Animated Bohr model of Zr (Sirkonium)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
155 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
154 pm
Metallic Radius
145 pm
Ioonradius
59 pm
Crystal Radius
73 pm
Van der Waals radius
223 pm
density
6,52 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Sirkonium0153045607590105120135150165180195210225240pmAtoomradiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
ionization energy of Zr (Sirkonium)
Verdampingswarmte
567 kJ/mol
smeltingswarmte
19,2 kJ/mol
Vormingsentalpie
610 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronskil2, 8, 18, 10, 2
Bohr model: Zr (Sirkonium)
Valenselektrone2
Lewisteorie: Zr (Sirkonium)
elektronkonfigurasie[Kr] 4d2 5s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d2 5s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Zr (Sirkonium)
Orbital Diagram of Zr (Sirkonium)
Oksidasietoestand-2, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegatiwiteit
1.33
Electrophilicity Index
1,0036040369931862 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
4 679,15 K
Melting Point
2 127,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
kleur
Silver
appearancesilvery white
Brekingsindeks
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
22,7 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000057 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,36 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,278 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Geleidingsvermoë
2,4 MS/m
Elektriese resistiwiteit
0,00000042 m Ω
superconductivity
0,61 K
Magnetisme
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000168 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,00000000153 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,000109
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,23 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
5 MPa
Massamodulus
Skuifmodulus
33 GPa
Young se modulus
68 GPa
Poisson se verhouding
0,34
Spoed van klank
3 800 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIVA
IUPAC GroupIVB
Glawe Number49
Mendeleev Number44
Pettifor Number49
Geochemical Classhigh field strength
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
112 ± 13 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,184
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00066
quantum number3F2
Ruimtegroep194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Zirconium

Stable Isotopes3
Unstable Isotopes34
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition9051.45%9051.45%9217.15%9217.15%9417.38%9417.38%9111.22%9111.22%962.80%962.80%

77Zr

Massagetal77
neutron number37
relative atomic mass
76,966076 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2017
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

78Zr

Massagetal78
neutron number38
relative atomic mass
77,956146 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

79Zr

Massagetal79
neutron number39
relative atomic mass
78,94979 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
56 ± 30 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

80Zr

Massagetal80
neutron number40
relative atomic mass
79,941213 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,6 ± 0,6 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

81Zr

Massagetal81
neutron number41
relative atomic mass
80,938245 ± 0,000099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,5 ± 0,4 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.12%

82Zr

Massagetal82
neutron number42
relative atomic mass
81,931707497 ± 0,0000017 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
32 ± 5 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

83Zr

Massagetal83
neutron number43
relative atomic mass
82,929240926 ± 0,000006902 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
42 ± 2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

84Zr

Massagetal84
neutron number44
relative atomic mass
83,923325663 ± 0,000005903 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
25,8 ± 0,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

85Zr

Massagetal85
neutron number45
relative atomic mass
84,921443199 ± 0,000006902 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
7,86 ± 0,04 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

86Zr

Massagetal86
neutron number46
relative atomic mass
85,916296814 ± 0,000003827 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
16,5 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

87Zr

Massagetal87
neutron number47
relative atomic mass
86,914817338 ± 0,00000445 Da
g-factor
-0,19866666666667 ± 0,0011111111111111
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,68 ± 0,01 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,42 ± 0,05
ontdekkingsdatum1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

88Zr

Massagetal88
neutron number48
relative atomic mass
87,910220715 ± 0,0000058 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
83,4 ± 0,3 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

89Zr

Massagetal89
neutron number49
relative atomic mass
88,908879751 ± 0,000002983 Da
g-factor
-0,23222222222222 ± 0,0013333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
78,36 ± 0,023 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,28 ± 0,1
ontdekkingsdatum1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

90Zr

Massagetal90
neutron number50
relative atomic mass
89,904698755 ± 0,000000126 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
51,45 ± 0,04
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1924
parity+

91Zr

Massagetal91
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
90,905640205 ± 0,000000101 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
11,22 ± 0,05
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,176 ± 0,003
ontdekkingsdatum1934
parity+

92Zr

Massagetal92
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
91,905035336 ± 0,000000101 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
17,15 ± 0,03
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1924
parity+

93Zr

Massagetal93
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
92,906470661 ± 0,000000489 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,61 ± 0,05 My
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

94Zr

Massagetal94
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
93,906312523 ± 0,000000175 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
17,38 ± 0,04
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1924
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

95Zr

Massagetal95
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
94,908040276 ± 0,000000933 Da
g-factor
0,452 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
64,032 ± 0,006 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,22 ± 0,02
ontdekkingsdatum1946
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

96Zr

Massagetal96
neutron number56
relative atomic mass
95,908277615 ± 0,000000122 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
2,8 ± 0,02
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
23,4 ± 1,7 Ey
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)100%

97Zr

Massagetal97
neutron number57
relative atomic mass
96,910963802 ± 0,00000013 Da
g-factor
-1,872 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
16,749 ± 0,008 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

98Zr

Massagetal98
neutron number58
relative atomic mass
97,912740448 ± 0,000009065 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
30,7 ± 0,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

99Zr

Massagetal99
neutron number59
relative atomic mass
98,916675081 ± 0,000011271 Da
g-factor
-1,858 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,1 ± 0,1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

100Zr

Massagetal100
neutron number60
relative atomic mass
99,918010499 ± 0,000008742 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
7,1 ± 0,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

101Zr

Massagetal101
neutron number61
relative atomic mass
100,921458454 ± 0,000008944 Da
g-factor
-0,18133333333333 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,29 ± 0,08 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,81 ± 0,06
ontdekkingsdatum1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

102Zr

Massagetal102
neutron number62
relative atomic mass
101,923154181 ± 0,000009401 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,01 ± 0,08 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

103Zr

Massagetal103
neutron number63
relative atomic mass
102,927204054 ± 0,0000099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,38 ± 0,07 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1%

104Zr

Massagetal104
neutron number64
relative atomic mass
103,929449193 ± 0,00001 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
920 ± 28 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1%

105Zr

Massagetal105
neutron number65
relative atomic mass
104,934021832 ± 0,000013 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
670 ± 28 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2%

106Zr

Massagetal106
neutron number66
relative atomic mass
105,93693 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
179 ± 6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7%

107Zr

Massagetal107
neutron number67
relative atomic mass
106,942007 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
145,7 ± 2,4 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%

108Zr

Massagetal108
neutron number68
relative atomic mass
107,945303 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
78,5 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

109Zr

Massagetal109
neutron number69
relative atomic mass
108,950907 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
56 ± 3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

110Zr

Massagetal110
neutron number70
relative atomic mass
109,954675 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
37,5 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

111Zr

Massagetal111
neutron number71
relative atomic mass
110,960837 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
24 ± 0,5 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

112Zr

Massagetal112
neutron number72
relative atomic mass
111,965196 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
43 ± 21 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

113Zr

Massagetal113
neutron number73
relative atomic mass
112,971723 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Zirconium crystal bar and 1cm3 cube

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurMartin Klaproth
ligging van ontdekkingGermany
ontdekkingsdatum1789
etimologieFrom the mineral, zircon.
uitspraakzer-KO-ni-em (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
165 mg/kg
natural abundance (oseaan)
0,00003 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,000005 %
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
0,00066 %
natural abundance (Son)
0,000004 %
Abundance in Universe
0,000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.841
2p4.0072
2s10.6262
3d14.4331
3p16.1545
3s15.6385
4d26.9284
4p26.54
4s25.0984
5s33.5545