Сирконий

Сирконий (Zr)

chemical element with symbol Zr and atomic number 40
Atomic Number40
Atomic Weight91.224
Адади массавӣ90
Group4
Period5
Blockd
proton40 p+
neutron50 n0
electron40 e-
Animated Bohr model of Zr (Сирконий)

Хусусияти Физикӣ

Atomic Radius
155 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
154 pm
Metallic Radius
145 pm
ionic radius
59 pm
Crystal Radius
73 pm
Van der Waals radius
223 pm
зичӣ
6,52 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Сирконий0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

энергия
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
ionization energy of Zr (Сирконий)
enthalpy of vaporization
567 kJ/mol
гармои гудозиш
19,2 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
610 kJ/mol
electron
Абри электронӣ2, 8, 18, 10, 2
Bohr model: Zr (Сирконий)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Zr (Сирконий)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d2 5s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d2 5s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Zr (Сирконий)
Orbital Diagram of Zr (Сирконий)
oxidation number-2, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
electronegativity
1.33
Electrophilicity Index
1,0036040369931862 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
4 679,15 K
Melting Point
2 127,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ранг
Silver
appearancesilvery white
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
22,7 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000057 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,36 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
навъConductor
electrical conductivity
2,4 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000042 m Ω
superconductivity
0,61 K
magnetism
навъparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000168 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,00000000153 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,000109
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
сохт
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,23 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
5 MPa
bulk modulus
shear modulus
33 GPa
Young's modulus
68 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,34
speed of sound
3 800 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIVA
IUPAC GroupIVB
Glawe Number49
Mendeleev Number44
Pettifor Number49
Geochemical Classhigh field strength
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
112 ± 13 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,184
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00066
ададҳои квантӣ3F2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Zirconium

Stable Isotopes3
Unstable Isotopes34
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition9051.45%9051.45%9217.15%9217.15%9417.38%9417.38%9111.22%9111.22%962.80%962.80%

77Zr

Адади массавӣ77
neutron number37
relative atomic mass
76,966076 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2017
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

78Zr

Адади массавӣ78
neutron number38
relative atomic mass
77,956146 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

79Zr

Адади массавӣ79
neutron number39
relative atomic mass
78,94979 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
56 ± 30 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

80Zr

Адади массавӣ80
neutron number40
relative atomic mass
79,941213 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,6 ± 0,6 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

81Zr

Адади массавӣ81
neutron number41
relative atomic mass
80,938245 ± 0,000099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,5 ± 0,4 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.12%

82Zr

Адади массавӣ82
neutron number42
relative atomic mass
81,931707497 ± 0,0000017 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
32 ± 5 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

83Zr

Адади массавӣ83
neutron number43
relative atomic mass
82,929240926 ± 0,000006902 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
42 ± 2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

84Zr

Адади массавӣ84
neutron number44
relative atomic mass
83,923325663 ± 0,000005903 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25,8 ± 0,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

85Zr

Адади массавӣ85
neutron number45
relative atomic mass
84,921443199 ± 0,000006902 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,86 ± 0,04 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

86Zr

Адади массавӣ86
neutron number46
relative atomic mass
85,916296814 ± 0,000003827 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
16,5 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

87Zr

Адади массавӣ87
neutron number47
relative atomic mass
86,914817338 ± 0,00000445 Da
g-factor
-0,19866666666667 ± 0,0011111111111111
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,68 ± 0,01 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,42 ± 0,05
таърихи кашф1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

88Zr

Адади массавӣ88
neutron number48
relative atomic mass
87,910220715 ± 0,0000058 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
83,4 ± 0,3 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

89Zr

Адади массавӣ89
neutron number49
relative atomic mass
88,908879751 ± 0,000002983 Da
g-factor
-0,23222222222222 ± 0,0013333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
78,36 ± 0,023 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,28 ± 0,1
таърихи кашф1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

90Zr

Адади массавӣ90
neutron number50
relative atomic mass
89,904698755 ± 0,000000126 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
51,45 ± 0,04
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1924
parity+

91Zr

Адади массавӣ91
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
90,905640205 ± 0,000000101 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
11,22 ± 0,05
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,176 ± 0,003
таърихи кашф1934
parity+

92Zr

Адади массавӣ92
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
91,905035336 ± 0,000000101 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
17,15 ± 0,03
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1924
parity+

93Zr

Адади массавӣ93
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
92,906470661 ± 0,000000489 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,61 ± 0,05 My
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

94Zr

Адади массавӣ94
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
93,906312523 ± 0,000000175 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
17,38 ± 0,04
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1924
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

95Zr

Адади массавӣ95
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
94,908040276 ± 0,000000933 Da
g-factor
0,452 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
64,032 ± 0,006 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,22 ± 0,02
таърихи кашф1946
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

96Zr

Адади массавӣ96
neutron number56
relative atomic mass
95,908277615 ± 0,000000122 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
2,8 ± 0,02
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
23,4 ± 1,7 Ey
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)100%

97Zr

Адади массавӣ97
neutron number57
relative atomic mass
96,910963802 ± 0,00000013 Da
g-factor
-1,872 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
16,749 ± 0,008 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

98Zr

Адади массавӣ98
neutron number58
relative atomic mass
97,912740448 ± 0,000009065 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30,7 ± 0,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

99Zr

Адади массавӣ99
neutron number59
relative atomic mass
98,916675081 ± 0,000011271 Da
g-factor
-1,858 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,1 ± 0,1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

100Zr

Адади массавӣ100
neutron number60
relative atomic mass
99,918010499 ± 0,000008742 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,1 ± 0,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

101Zr

Адади массавӣ101
neutron number61
relative atomic mass
100,921458454 ± 0,000008944 Da
g-factor
-0,18133333333333 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,29 ± 0,08 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,81 ± 0,06
таърихи кашф1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

102Zr

Адади массавӣ102
neutron number62
relative atomic mass
101,923154181 ± 0,000009401 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,01 ± 0,08 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

103Zr

Адади массавӣ103
neutron number63
relative atomic mass
102,927204054 ± 0,0000099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,38 ± 0,07 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1%

104Zr

Адади массавӣ104
neutron number64
relative atomic mass
103,929449193 ± 0,00001 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
920 ± 28 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1%

105Zr

Адади массавӣ105
neutron number65
relative atomic mass
104,934021832 ± 0,000013 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
670 ± 28 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2%

106Zr

Адади массавӣ106
neutron number66
relative atomic mass
105,93693 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
179 ± 6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7%

107Zr

Адади массавӣ107
neutron number67
relative atomic mass
106,942007 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
145,7 ± 2,4 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%

108Zr

Адади массавӣ108
neutron number68
relative atomic mass
107,945303 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
78,5 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

109Zr

Адади массавӣ109
neutron number69
relative atomic mass
108,950907 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
56 ± 3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

110Zr

Адади массавӣ110
neutron number70
relative atomic mass
109,954675 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
37,5 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

111Zr

Адади массавӣ111
neutron number71
relative atomic mass
110,960837 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
24 ± 0,5 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

112Zr

Адади массавӣ112
neutron number72
relative atomic mass
111,965196 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
43 ± 21 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

113Zr

Адади массавӣ113
neutron number73
relative atomic mass
112,971723 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Zirconium crystal bar and 1cm3 cube

таърих

кошифMartin Klaproth
макони кашфGermany
таърихи кашф1789
РешашиносӣFrom the mineral, zircon.
pronunciationzer-KO-ni-em (Англисӣ)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
165 mg/kg
natural abundance (Уқёнус)
0,00003 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,000005 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,00066 %
natural abundance (Офтоб)
0,000004 %
Abundance in Universe
0,000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.841
2p4.0072
2s10.6262
3d14.4331
3p16.1545
3s15.6385
4d26.9284
4p26.54
4s25.0984
5s33.5545