מאפיינים

CAS Number7440-39-3
PubChem CID5355457
רדיוס אטומי222
Atomic Volume39.24
מסה אטומי137.327
חסוםs
נקודת רתיחה1,897
Bulk Modulus
קטגוריהמתכת אלקלית עפרורית
מבנה גבישיממורכז גוף קובי
צבעכסף
רדיוס קוולנטי215
צפיפות החומר3.594
Electrical Resistivity
מבנה אלקטרוני[Xe] 6s2
Electrons per shell2, 8, 18, 18, 8, 2
אלקטרושליליות0.89
Electrons56
קבוצה2
Heat of Fusion8
Heat of Vaporization140
Ionization Potential5.212
Magnetic Ordering
Magnetic Susceptibility
מסה137.327
Mass Number56
נקודת התכה727
שםבריום
ניוטרונים81
מספר אטומי137
Oxidation States2
מחזור6
פאזהמוצק
Poisson Ratio
פרוטונים56
Shear Modulus
קיבול חום סגולי0.204
סמל כימיBa
מוליכות חום0.184
Van der Waals radius
Young's Modulus
שכיחות
Abundance in Earth's crust0.034%
Abundance in Universe1×10-6%
Ba בריום 56 137.327 2 6 s 56 725.0 1640.0 [Xe] 6s2 2 8 18 18 8 2 3.5 0.034% Silver Cubic: Body centered 0.9 0.881 {"1":"502.9","2":"965.2","3":"3600"} 508 13.95 198 2 2.22 39.0 8.01 140.2 0.204 18.4 0 Solid, Paramagnetic, Conductor, AlkalineEarthMetal, Metal, Stable, Natural BAR-i-em Soft, slightly malleable, silvery-white metal. Barite, or barium sulfate (BaSO4), when ground is used as a filter for rubber, plastics, and resins. It is insoluable in water and so is used in X-rays of the digestive system. Barium nitrate, Ba(NO3)2, burns brilliant green and is used in fireworks. Found in barytine (BaSO4) and witherite (BaCO3), never found in pure form due to its reactivity. Must be stored under kerosene to remain pure. IQ2u1JunzgA Barium
Element 43 was predicted on the basis of the periodic table, and was erroneously reported as having been discovered in 1925, at which time it was named masurium.

The element was actually discovered by Carlo Perrier and Emilio Segrè in 1937.

It was also found in a sample of molybdenum sent by Ernest Lawrence that was bombarded by deuterons in the Berkeley cyclotron. From the Greek word technetos, artificial 56 1808 Sir Humphrey Davy England From the Greek word "barys" meaning "heavy"

Isotopes of Technetium

Standard Atomic Weight

137.327(7)

איזוטופים יציבים

130Ba 132Ba 134Ba 135Ba 136Ba 137Ba 138Ba

איזוטופים לא יציבים

114Ba 115Ba 116Ba 117Ba 118Ba 119Ba 120Ba 121Ba 122Ba 123Ba 124Ba 125Ba 126Ba 127Ba 128Ba 129Ba 131Ba 133Ba 139Ba 140Ba 141Ba 142Ba 143Ba 144Ba 145Ba 146Ba 147Ba 148Ba 149Ba 150Ba 151Ba 152Ba 153Ba

Technetium is harmful due to its radioactivity
Technetium was the first element to be produced artificially
Technetium is used in nuclear medicine to carry out a number of medical tests, mainly relating to imaging and functional studies of internal bodily organs like bone scan.

It is also used industrially for equipment calibration following its approval as a standard beta emitter.

Mild carbon steels may be effectively protected by minute quantities of technetium, but this corrosion protection is limited to closed systems because of technetium's radioactivity.