Свойства

CAS Number7440-44-0
PubChem CID5462310
Атомен радиус67
Моларен обем5,31
Атомна маса12,011
Блокp
Температура на кипене4 027
Bulk Modulus
КатегорияНеметали
Кристална структураОбикновен шестоъгълник
ЦвятЧерен
Ковалентен радиус77
Плътност2,267
Electrical Resistivity
Електронна конфигурация[He] 2s2 2p2
Електрон на обвивка2, 4
Електроотрицателност2,55
Electrons6
Група14
Топлина на сливането105
Топлина на изпаряване715
Йонизационен потенциал11,26
Magnetic Ordering
Magnetic Susceptibility
Маса12,011
Mass Number6
Температура на топене3 675
ИмеВъглерод
Неутрони6
Атомен номер12
Оксидационни държави-4, -3, -2, -1, 1, 2, 3, 4
Период2
ФазаТвърди
Poisson Ratio
Протони6
Shear Modulus
Специфичен топлинен капацитет0,709
СимволC
Топлопроводимост1,29
Van der Waals radius
Young's Modulus
Изобилие
Изобилие в земната кора0.18%
Изобилие в вселената0.5%
C Въглерод 6 12.0107 14 2 p 6 3367.0 4827.0 [He] 2s2 2p2 2 4 2.25 0.18% Black Hexagonal 2.6 2.544 {"1":"1086.5","2":"2352.6","3":"4620.5","4":"6222.7","5":"37831","6":"47277.0"} 1086 153.9 77 ±4 0.91 5.3 715.0 0.709 155.0 0 Solid, Diamagnetic, Conductor, Stable, Natural, Nonmetal KAR-ben Allotropic forms include diamonds and graphite. Sixth most abundant element in the universe. For making steel, in filters, and many more uses. Radiocarbon dating uses the carbon-14 isotope to date old objects. Made by burning organic compounds with insufficient oxygen. wmC8Dg4n-ZA Carbon
Rutherfordium was reportedly first detected in 1964 at the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research at Dubna.

The element was synthesized by Albert Ghiorso, Matti Nurmia, James Andrew Harris, Kari Eskola and Pirkko Eskola in 1968 at the University of California, Berkeley.

It was produced by the bombardment of californium with carbon atoms. Named after Ernest Rutherford, the physicist and chemist from New Zealand 6 From the Latin word "carbo" meaning "charcoal"

Isotopes of Rutherfordium

Standard Atomic Weight

[12.0096,12.0116]

Стабилни изотопи

12C 13C

Нестабилни изотопи

8C 9C 10C 11C 14C 15C 16C 17C 18C 19C 20C 21C 22C

Rutherfordium is harmful due to its radioactivity
Rutherfordium is the first transactinide element
Rutherfordium is used for scientific research purposes only.