מאפיינים

CAS Number7440-44-0
PubChem CID5462310
רדיוס אטומי67
Atomic Volume5.31
מסה אטומי12.011
חסוםp
נקודת רתיחה4,027
Bulk Modulus
קטגוריהיסודות אל-מתכתיים
מבנה גבישיפשוט משושה
צבעשחור
רדיוס קוולנטי77
צפיפות החומר2.267
Electrical Resistivity
מבנה אלקטרוני[He] 2s2 2p2
Electrons per shell2, 4
אלקטרושליליות2.55
Electrons6
קבוצה14
Heat of Fusion105
Heat of Vaporization715
Ionization Potential11.26
Magnetic Ordering
Magnetic Susceptibility
מסה12.011
Mass Number6
נקודת התכה3,675
שםפחמן
ניוטרונים6
מספר אטומי12
Oxidation States-4, -3, -2, -1, 1, 2, 3, 4
מחזור2
פאזהמוצק
Poisson Ratio
פרוטונים6
Shear Modulus
קיבול חום סגולי0.709
סמל כימיC
מוליכות חום1.29
Van der Waals radius
Young's Modulus
שכיחות
Abundance in Earth's crust0.18%
Abundance in Universe0.5%
C פחמן 6 12.0107 14 2 p 6 3367.0 4827.0 [He] 2s2 2p2 2 4 2.25 0.18% Black Hexagonal 2.6 2.544 {"1":"1086.5","2":"2352.6","3":"4620.5","4":"6222.7","5":"37831","6":"47277.0"} 1086 153.9 77 ±4 0.91 5.3 715.0 0.709 155.0 0 Solid, Diamagnetic, Conductor, Stable, Natural, Nonmetal KAR-ben Allotropic forms include diamonds and graphite. Sixth most abundant element in the universe. For making steel, in filters, and many more uses. Radiocarbon dating uses the carbon-14 isotope to date old objects. Made by burning organic compounds with insufficient oxygen. wmC8Dg4n-ZA Carbon
Rutherfordium was reportedly first detected in 1964 at the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research at Dubna.

The element was synthesized by Albert Ghiorso, Matti Nurmia, James Andrew Harris, Kari Eskola and Pirkko Eskola in 1968 at the University of California, Berkeley.

It was produced by the bombardment of californium with carbon atoms. Named after Ernest Rutherford, the physicist and chemist from New Zealand 6 From the Latin word "carbo" meaning "charcoal"

Isotopes of Rutherfordium

Standard Atomic Weight

[12.0096,12.0116]

איזוטופים יציבים

12C 13C

איזוטופים לא יציבים

8C 9C 10C 11C 14C 15C 16C 17C 18C 19C 20C 21C 22C

Rutherfordium is harmful due to its radioactivity
Rutherfordium is the first transactinide element
Rutherfordium is used for scientific research purposes only.