CAS Number7440-44-0
PubChem CID5462310
Atomic Radius67
Atomic Volume5.31
Atomic Weight12.011
Boiling Point4,027
Bulk Modulus
CategoryOther nonmetals
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal
Covalent Radius77
Electrical Resistivity
Electron Configuration[He] 2s2 2p2
Electrons per shell2, 4
Heat of Fusion105
Heat of Vaporization715
Ionization Potential11.26
Magnetic Ordering
Magnetic Susceptibility
Mass Number6
Melting Point3,675
NameKarbon, ²Karbonju
Atomic Number12
Oxidation States-4, -3, -2, -1, 1, 2, 3, 4
Poisson Ratio
Shear Modulus
Specific Heat Capacity0.709
Thermal Conductivity1.29
Van der Waals radius
Young's Modulus
Abundance in Earth's crust0.18%
Abundance in Universe0.5%
C Karbon, ²Karbonju 6 12.0107 14 2 p 6 3367.0 4827.0 [He] 2s2 2p2 2 4 2.25 0.18% Black Hexagonal 2.6 2.544 {"1":"1086.5","2":"2352.6","3":"4620.5","4":"6222.7","5":"37831","6":"47277.0"} 1086 153.9 77 ±4 0.91 5.3 715.0 0.709 155.0 0 Solid, Diamagnetic, Conductor, Stable, Natural, Nonmetal KAR-ben Allotropic forms include diamonds and graphite. Sixth most abundant element in the universe. For making steel, in filters, and many more uses. Radiocarbon dating uses the carbon-14 isotope to date old objects. Made by burning organic compounds with insufficient oxygen. wmC8Dg4n-ZA Carbon
Rutherfordium was reportedly first detected in 1964 at the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research at Dubna.

The element was synthesized by Albert Ghiorso, Matti Nurmia, James Andrew Harris, Kari Eskola and Pirkko Eskola in 1968 at the University of California, Berkeley.

It was produced by the bombardment of californium with carbon atoms. Named after Ernest Rutherford, the physicist and chemist from New Zealand 6 From the Latin word "carbo" meaning "charcoal"

Isotopes of Rutherfordium

Standard Atomic Weight


Stable Isotopes

12C 13C

Unstable Isotopes

8C 9C 10C 11C 14C 15C 16C 17C 18C 19C 20C 21C 22C

Rutherfordium is harmful due to its radioactivity
Rutherfordium is the first transactinide element
Rutherfordium is used for scientific research purposes only.