Vlastnosti

CAS Number7440-71-3
PubChem CIDna
Atómový polomer-
Atómový objem18,4
Atómová hmotnosť[251]
Orbitálf
Teplota varu-
Bulk Modulus
KategóriaAktinoidy
Kryštálová sústavaJednoduchý šesťuholníkový
Farba
Kovalentný polomer-
Hustota15,1
Electrical Resistivity
Elektrónová konfigurácia[Rn] 5f10 7s2
Elektróny v obale2, 8, 18, 32, 28, 8, 2
Elektronegativita1,3
Electrons98
Skupinana
Skupenské teplo topeniana
Skupenské teplo varuna
Ionizačný potenciál6,282
Magnetic Ordering
Magnetic Susceptibility
Hmota[251]
Mass Number98
Teplota topenia900
NázovKalifornium
Neutróny153
Protónové číslo251
Oxidačné stavy2, 3, 4
Perióda7
SkupenstvoTuhé látky
Poisson Ratio
Protóny98
Shear Modulus
Tepelná kapacita-
ZnačkaCf
Tepelná vodivosť0,1
Van der Waals radius
Young's Modulus
Množstvo
Množstvo v zemskej kôrena
Množstvo vo vesmírena
Cf Kalifornium 98 (251) 7 f 98 [Rn] 5f10 7s2 2 8 18 32 28 8 2 None Unknown 1.3 {"1":"608"} 608 3 10.0 1 900.6 y 1.3×103y AlphaEmission Solid, Actinide, Radioactive, Synthetic kal-eh-FOR-ni-em Synthetic radioactive metal. Powerful neutron emitter. It has no significant commercial applications. Made by bombarding curium with helium ions. eG6HyPrTccI Californium
Thallium was discovered spectroscopically by Sir William Crookes in 1861, in London.

In 1862, Claude-Auguste Lamy used a spectrometer to determine the composition of a selenium-containing substance which was deposited during the production of sulfuric acid from pyrite.

He noticed the new green line in the spectra and concluded that a new element was present. From Greek thallos, meanin a green shoot or twig 98 1950 Glenn T. Seaborg, Stanley G. Thompson, Albert Ghiorso, Kenneth Street USA Named after the State and University of "California", USA

Isotopes of Thallium

Standard Atomic Weight

Stabilné izotopy

Nestabilné izotopy

237Cf 238Cf 239Cf 240Cf 241Cf 242Cf 243Cf 244Cf 245Cf 246Cf 247Cf 248Cf 249Cf 250Cf 251Cf 252Cf 253Cf 254Cf 255Cf 256Cf

Thallium and its compounds are highly toxic
Agatha Christie made use of thallium's toxicity in her novel The Pale Horse
Thallium selenide has been used in a bolometer for infrared detection.

Thallium is also used in gamma radiation detection equipment.

Thallium oxide has been used to produce glasses with a high index of refraction, and is used in the manufacture of photo cells.

Some of the electrodes in dissolved oxygen analyzers contain thallium.