Egenskaper

CAS Number54084-26-3
PubChem CIDna
Atomradie-
Molvolym-
Atommassa[285]
Blockd
Kokpunkt-
Bulk Modulus
KategoriÖvergångsmetaller
Kristallstruktur
Färg
Kovalent radie122
Densitet-
Electrical Resistivity
Elektronkonfiguration[Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2
Elektroner per skal2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 2
Elektronegativitet-
Electrons112
Grupp12
Smältvärmena
Ångbildningsvärmena
Jonisationspotential-
Magnetic Ordering
Magnetic Susceptibility
Massa[285]
Mass Number112
Smältpunkt-
NamnCopernicium
Neutroner173
Atomnummer285
Oxidationstillstånd2, 4
Period7
AggregationstillståndFlytande
Poisson Ratio
Protoner112
Shear Modulus
Specifik värmekapacitet-
TeckenCn
Värmeledningsförmåga-
Van der Waals radius
Young's Modulus
Förekomst
Abundance in Earth's crustna
Abundance in Universena
Cn Copernicium 112 (285) 12 7 d 112 [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 2 8 18 32 32 18 2 None 1 40 m 58.3m AlphaEmission TransitionMetal, Metal, Radioactive, Synthetic QHcbQfcwegY Copernicium
Plutonium was first produced in 1940 by Glenn T. Seaborg, Edwin M. McMillan, Joseph W. Kennedy and Arthur Wahl.

Plutonium-238 was produced by deuteron bombardment of uranium-238 in the 60-inch cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley.

The Berkeley team made neptunium-238 which decayed to plutonium-238. Named after the planet Pluto 112 1996 S. Hofmann, V. Ninov, F. P. Hessberger, P. Armbruster, H. Folger, G. Münzenberg, and others Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (GSI) in Darmstadt, Germany. Temporary systematic IUPAC nomenclature

Plutoniumisotoper

Standard Atomic Weight

Stabila isotoper

Instabila isotoper

277Cn 278Cn 279Cn 280Cn 281Cn 282Cn 283Cn 284Cn 285Cn

Plutonium is harmful due to its radioactivity
The atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan in 1945 had a plutonium core
The isotope plutonium-239 is a key fissile component in nuclear weapons, due to its ease of fission and availability.

Plutonium-238 has also been used successfully to power artificial heart pacemakers, to reduce the risk of repeated surgery.

Plutonium-238 mixed with beryllium is used to generate neutrons for research purposes.