Özellikler

CAS Number7440-48-4
PubChem CID104730
Atom yarıçapı125
Atomik Hacim6,7
Atom ağırlığı58,933
Blokd
Kaynama noktası2.927
Bulk Modulus
KategoriGeçiş metalleri
Kristal yapısıBasit altıgen
RenkGri
Kovalent yarıçapı126
Yoğunluk8,86
Electrical Resistivity
Elektron dizilimi[Ar] 3d7 4s2
Enerji seviyesi başına Elektronlar2, 8, 15, 2
Elektronegatifliği1,88
Electrons27
Grup9
Ergime ısısı16,2
Buharlaşma ısısı375
İyonlaşma enerjisi7,881
Magnetic Ordering
Magnetic Susceptibility
Kütle58,933
Mass Number27
Ergime noktası1.495
İsimKobalt
Nötronlar32
Atom numarası59
Yükseltgenme seviyeleri-1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Periyot4
FazKatı
Poisson Ratio
Protonlar27
Shear Modulus
Isı kapasitesi0,421
SembolCo
Isıl iletkenlik1
Van der Waals radius
Young's Modulus
Bulunabilirlik
Dünya kabuğundaki bulunulabilirliği0.003%
Evrendeki bulunulabilirliği0.0003%
Co Kobalt 27 58.933195 9 4 d 27 1495.0 2870.0 [Ar] 3d7 4s2 2 8 15 2 8.9 0.003% Gray Hexagonal 1.9 1.84 {"1":"760.4","2":"1648","3":"3232","4":"4950","5":"7670","6":"9840","7":"12440","8":"15230","9":"17959","10":"26570","11":"29400","12":"32400","13":"36600","14":"39700","15":"42800","16":"49396","17":"52737","18":"134810","19":"145170","20":"154700","21":"167400","22":"178100","23":"189300","24":"204500","25":"214100","26":"920870","27":"966023"} 761 63.7 126 +2,3 1.25 6.7 16.19 373.3 0.421 100.0 0 Solid, Ferromagnetic, Conductor, TransitionMetal, Metal, Stable, Natural KO-bolt Hard, ductile, lustrous bluish-gray metal. Exists in the earth's curst in cocentrations of about 25 ppm. It has remarkable magnetic properties. Used in many hard alloys; for magnets, ceramics and special glasses. Remains hard up to 982°C. Radioactive cobalt-60 is used in cancer therapy. Occurs in compounds with arsenic, oxygen and sulfur as in cobaltine (CoAsS) and linneite (Co3S4). Pure cobalt is obtained as a byproduct of refining nickel, copper and iron. V6ljxByu9ng Cobalt
Around 1630, chlorine was recognized as a gas by the Belgian chemist and physician Jan Baptist van Helmont.

Elemental chlorine was first prepared and studied in 1774 by Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele.

By 1810, the scientific consensus was that chlorine was actually a compound that contained oxygen.

In 1811, Sir Humphry Davy concluded the new gas was in fact a new element. From the Greek word chloro, greenish yellow 27 1735 Georg Brandt Sweden From the German word "kobald" meaning "goblin" or evil spirit

Klor izotopları

Standard Atomic Weight

58.933194(4)

Kararlı izotoplar

59Co

Kararsız izotoplar

47Co 48Co 49Co 50Co 51Co 52Co 53Co 54Co 55Co 56Co 57Co 58Co 60Co 61Co 62Co 63Co 64Co 65Co 66Co 67Co 68Co 69Co 70Co 71Co 72Co 73Co 74Co 75Co

Elemental chlorine at high concentrations is extremely dangerous and poisonous
Tree frogs have a chlorine compound in their skin that is a very powerful pain killer
Chlorine is used for producing safe drinking water.

It is also extensively used in the production of paper products, dyestuffs, textiles, petroleum products, medicines, antiseptics, insecticides, food, solvents, paints, plastics, and many other consumer products.

Chlorinated compounds are used mostly for sanitation, pulp bleaching, disinfectants, and textile processing.