Properties

CAS Number7440-62-2
PubChem CID23990
Atomic Radius134
Atomic Volume8.78
Atomic Weight50.942
Blockd
Boiling Point3,407
Bulk Modulus
CategoryTransition metals
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic
ColorSilver
Covalent Radius153
Density6.11
Electrical Resistivity
Electron Configuration[Ar] 3d3 4s2
Electrons per shell2, 8, 11, 2
Electronegativity1.63
Electrons23
Group5
Heat of Fusion22.8
Heat of Vaporization453
Ionization Potential6.828
Magnetic Ordering
Magnetic Susceptibility
Mass50.942
Mass Number23
Melting Point1,910
NameVanadium
Neutrons28
Atomic Number51
Oxidation States-1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Period4
PhaseSolid
Poisson Ratio
Protons23
Shear Modulus
Specific Heat Capacity0.489
SymbolV
Thermal Conductivity0.307
Van der Waals radius
Young's Modulus
Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust0.019%
Abundance in Universe0.0001%
V Vanadium 23 50.9415 5 4 d 23 1890.0 3380.0 [Ar] 3d3 4s2 2 8 11 2 6.11 0.019% Silver Cubic: Body centered 1.6 1.53 {"1":"650.9","2":"1414","3":"2830","4":"4507","5":"6298.7","6":"12363","7":"14530","8":"16730","9":"19860","10":"22240","11":"24670","12":"29730","13":"32446","14":"86450","15":"94170","16":"102300","17":"112700","18":"121600","19":"130700","20":"143400","21":"151440","22":"661050","23":"699144"} 651 50.6 125 +5,2,3,4 1.34 8.35 20.8 446.7 0.489 30.7 0 Solid, Conductor, TransitionMetal, Metal, Stable, Natural veh-NAY-di-em Soft, ductile, silvery-white metal. Resistant to corrosion by moisture, air and most acids and alkalis at room temperature. It is mixed with other metals to make very strong and durable alloys. Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is used as a catalyst, dye and color-fixer. Found in the minerals patronite (VS4), vanadinite [Pb5(VO4)3Cl], and carnotite [K2(UO2)2(VO4)2.3H2O]. Pure metal produced by heating with C and Cl to produce VCl3 which is heated with Mg in Ar atmosphere. XRjb_IKDiz8 Vanadium
In 1761, Guyton de Morveau proposed the name alumine for the base in alum, and Antoine Lavoisier, in 1787, thought this to be the oxide of a still undiscovered metal.

Sir Humphry Davy identified the existence of a metal base of alum in 1808.

Hans Christian Ørsted was the first to isolate metallic aluminum in 1825 in impure form.

Friedrich Wöhler is generally credited with having isolated the metal in 1827. From the Latin word alumen, alum 23 1801 Andres Manuel del Rio and Nils Sefström Mexico and Sweden Named after "Vanadis", the goddess of beauty in Scandinavian mythology

Isotopes of Aluminum

Standard Atomic Weight

50.9415(1)

Stable Isotopes

50V 51V

Unstable Isotopes

40V 41V 42V 43V 44V 45V 46V 47V 48V 49V 52V 53V 54V 55V 56V 57V 58V 59V 60V 61V 62V 63V 64V 65V

Aluminum is not known to be toxic
Aluminum does not stick to magnets under normal conditions
Aluminum is used in an extensive range of products from drinks cans to window frames and boats to aircraft.

It is used in electrical transmission lines.

It is also used for kitchen utensils, outside building decoration, and in thousands of industrial applications.

When alloyed with small amounts of copper, magnesium, silicon, manganese, or other elements impart a variety of useful properties.