Carboni

Carboni (C)

elfen gemegol gyda'r rhif atomig 6
Atomic Number6
Atomic Weight12.011
Rhif màs12
Group14
Period2
Blockp
Proton6 p+
Niwtron6 n0
Electron6 e-
Animated Bohr model of C (Carboni)

Nodwedd Ffisegol

Atomic Radius
70 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
75 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
-8 pm
Crystal Radius
6 pm
Van der Waals radius
170 pm
density
2.2 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Carboni0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Nodwedd Gemegol

egni
proton affinity
electron affinity
1.262119 eV/particle
ionization energy
11.260296 eV/particle
ionization energy of C (Carboni)
enthalpy of vaporization
enthalpy of fusion
standard enthalpy of formation
716.87 kJ/mol
Electron
plisgyn yr electron2, 4
Bohr model: C (Carboni)
valence electron4
Lewis structure: C (Carboni)
trefn yr electronnau[He] 2s2 2p2
1s2 2s2 2p2
Enhanced Bohr model of C (Carboni)
Orbital Diagram of C (Carboni)
Cyflwr ocsidiad-4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Electronegatifedd
2.55
Electrophilicity Index
1.960493365843406 eV/particle
cyflwr sylfaenol mater
cyflwr materSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
4,098.15 K
Melting Point
4,762.15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
4,762.15 K
10,300 kPa
appearance
lliw
Black
appearance
Mynegrif plygiant
2.417
nodwedd ffisegol gwrthrych
Thermal Conductivity
1.59 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0.0000071 1/K
molar heat capacity
8.517 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.709 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
dargludedd trydanol
0.1 MS/m
Gwrthedd
0.00001 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0.0000000062 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0.0000000000745 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0.000014
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strwythur
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (DIA)
lattice constant
3.57 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
nodwedd mecanyddol deunyddiau
hardness
0.5 MPa
bulk modulus
33 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
speed of sound
18,350 m/s
classification
CategoryOther nonmetals, Nonmetals
CAS GroupIVB
IUPAC GroupIVA
Glawe Number87
Mendeleev Number87
Pettifor Number95
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationatmophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
11.3 ± 0.2 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
46.6 a₀
allotropeGraphite, Diamond, Amorphous Carbon, Lonsdaleite, Fullerene, Carbon Nanotube, Graphene
Neutron cross section
0.0035
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.000015
quantum number3P0
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Carbon

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes14
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition1298.94%1298.94%131.06%131.06%

8C

Rhif màs8
neutron number2
relative atomic mass
8.037643039 ± 0.000019584 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
3.5 ± 1.4 zs
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)100%

9C

Rhif màs9
neutron number3
relative atomic mass
9.031037202 ± 0.000002293 Da
g-factor
0.9276 ± 0.00033333333333333
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
126.5 ± 0.9 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7.5%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)38.4%

10C

Rhif màs10
neutron number4
relative atomic mass
10.016853217 ± 0.000000075 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
19.3011 ± 0.0015 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

11C

Rhif màs11
neutron number5
relative atomic mass
11.011432597 ± 0.000000064 Da
g-factor
-0.64266666666667 ± 0.00066666666666667
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
20.3402 ± 0.0053 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.0333 ± 0.0002
dyddiad darganfod1934
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

12C

Rhif màs12
neutron number6
relative atomic mass
12 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
98.94 ± 0.06
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1919
parity+

13C

Rhif màs13
neutron number7
relative atomic mass
13.00335483534 ± 0.00000000025 Da
g-factor
1.404738 ± 0.000008
natural abundance
1.06 ± 0.06
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1929
parity-

14C

Rhif màs14
neutron number8
relative atomic mass
14.00324198862 ± 0.00000000403 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
5.7 ± 0.03 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1936
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

15C

Rhif màs15
neutron number9
relative atomic mass
15.010599256 ± 0.000000858 Da
g-factor
3.44 ± 0.018
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.449 ± 0.005 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

16C

Rhif màs16
neutron number10
relative atomic mass
16.014701255 ± 0.00000384 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
750 ± 6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)99%

17C

Rhif màs17
neutron number11
relative atomic mass
17.02257865 ± 0.000018641 Da
g-factor
0.50533333333333 ± 0.0026666666666667
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
193 ± 6 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)28.4%
2n (2-neutron emission)

18C

Rhif màs18
neutron number12
relative atomic mass
18.02675193 ± 0.000032206 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
92 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)31.5%
2n (2-neutron emission)

19C

Rhif màs19
neutron number13
relative atomic mass
19.034797594 ± 0.000105625 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
46.2 ± 2.3 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)47%
2n (2-neutron emission)7%

20C

Rhif màs20
neutron number14
relative atomic mass
20.040261732 ± 0.000247585 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
16 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)70%
2n (2-neutron emission)18.6%

21C

Rhif màs21
neutron number15
relative atomic mass
21.049 ± 0.00064 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod
parity+

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)

22C

Rhif màs22
neutron number16
relative atomic mass
22.05755399 ± 0.000248515 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
6.2 ± 1.3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)61%
2n (2-neutron emission)37%

23C

Rhif màs23
neutron number17
relative atomic mass
23.06889 ± 0.00107 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod
parity+

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)
Coal anthracite
Electron shell 006 Carbon

hanes

darganfyddwr neu ddyfeisiwrKnown to the ancients
man darganfod
dyddiad darganfod
geirdarddiadLatin: carbo, (charcoal).
ynganiadKAR-ben (Saesneg)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
200 mg/kg
natural abundance (cefnfor)
28 mg/L
natural abundance (corff dynol)
23 %
natural abundance (Awyrfaen)
1.5 %
natural abundance (Haul)
0.3 %
Abundance in Universe
0.5 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.3273
2p2.8642
2s2.7834