Litium

Litium (Li)

chemical element with symbol Li and atomic number 3
Atomic Number3
Atomic Weight6.94
Massagetal7
Group1
Period2
Blocks
proton3 p+
neutron4 n0
elektron3 e-
Animated Bohr model of Li (Litium)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
145 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
133 pm
Metallic Radius
123 pm
Ioonradius
59 pm
Crystal Radius
73 pm
Van der Waals radius
182 pm
density
0,534 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Litium020406080100120140160180200pmAtoomradiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
electron affinity
0,618049 eV/particle
ionization energy
5,391714761 eV/particle
ionization energy of Li (Litium)
Verdampingswarmte
148 kJ/mol
smeltingswarmte
2,89 kJ/mol
Vormingsentalpie
159,3 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronskil2, 1
Bohr model: Li (Litium)
Valenselektrone1
Lewisteorie: Li (Litium)
elektronkonfigurasie[He] 2s1
1s2 2s1
Enhanced Bohr model of Li (Litium)
Orbital Diagram of Li (Litium)
Oksidasietoestand0, 1
Elektronegatiwiteit
0.98
Electrophilicity Index
0,9457422835847783 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1 615,15 K
Melting Point
453,65 K
critical pressure
67 MPa
critical temperature
3 223,15 K
triple point
appearance
kleur
Silver
appearancesilvery-white
Brekingsindeks
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
84,8 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,000046 1/K
molar heat capacity
24,86 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
3,582 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Geleidingsvermoë
11 MS/m
Elektriese resistiwiteit
0,00000009400000000002 m Ω
superconductivity
Magnetisme
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000256 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000000178 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0000137
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic (BCC)
lattice constant
3,49 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
0,6 MPa
Massamodulus
11 GPa
Skuifmodulus
4,2 GPa
Young se modulus
4,9 GPa
Poisson se verhouding
Spoed van klank
6 000 m/s
classification
CategoryAlkali metals, Alkali metals
CAS GroupIA
IUPAC GroupIA
Glawe Number12
Mendeleev Number1
Pettifor Number12
Geochemical Classalkali metal
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
164,1125 ± 0,0005 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
1 392 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
71
Neutron Mass Absorption
quantum number2S1/2
Ruimtegroep229 (Im_3m)

Isotopes of Lithium

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes9
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition795.15%795.15%64.85%64.85%

3Li

Massagetal3
neutron number0
relative atomic mass
3,030775 ± 0,002147 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

4Li

Massagetal4
neutron number1
relative atomic mass
4,027185561 ± 0,000227733 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
91 ± 9 ys
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1965
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

5Li

Massagetal5
neutron number2
relative atomic mass
5,0125378 ± 0,000053677 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
370 ± 30 ys
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1941
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

6Li

Massagetal6
neutron number3
relative atomic mass
6,01512288742 ± 0,00000000155 Da
g-factor
0,822043 ± 0,000003
natural abundance
4,85 ± 1,71
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,000806 ± 0,000006
ontdekkingsdatum1921
parity+

7Li

Massagetal7
neutron number4
relative atomic mass
7,01600343426 ± 0,0000000045 Da
g-factor
2,170938 ± 0,000008
natural abundance
95,15 ± 1,71
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,04 ± 0,0003
ontdekkingsdatum1921
parity-

8Li

Massagetal8
neutron number5
relative atomic mass
8,022486244 ± 0,00000005 Da
g-factor
0,82675 ± 0,00001
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
838,7 ± 0,3 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,0314 ± 0,0002
ontdekkingsdatum1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
βα (β-delayed α emission)100%

9Li

Massagetal9
neutron number6
relative atomic mass
9,026790191 ± 0,0000002 Da
g-factor
2,2911066666667 ± 0,00004
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
178,2 ± 0,4 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,0304 ± 0,0002
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)50.5%

10Li

Massagetal10
neutron number7
relative atomic mass
10,035483453 ± 0,000013656 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2 ± 0,5 zs
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)100%

11Li

Massagetal11
neutron number8
relative atomic mass
11,043723581 ± 0,00000066 Da
g-factor
2,4474 ± 0,00013333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
8,75 ± 0,06 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,0333 ± 0,0005
ontdekkingsdatum1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)86.3%
2n (2-neutron emission)4.1%
3n (3-neutron emission)1.9%
βα (β-delayed α emission)1.7%
β d (β-delayed deuteron emission)0.013%
β t (β-delayed triton emission)0.0093%

12Li

Massagetal12
neutron number9
relative atomic mass
12,052613942 ± 0,000032213 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2008
parity-

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)

13Li

Massagetal13
neutron number10
relative atomic mass
13,061171503 ± 0,00007515 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,3 ± 1,2 zs
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2008
parity-

decay modeintensity
2n (2-neutron emission)100%
Lithium paraffin

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurJohann Arfwedson
ligging van ontdekkingSweden
ontdekkingsdatum1817
etimologieGreek: lithos (stone).
uitspraakLITH-i-em (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (oseaan)
0,18 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,000003 %
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
0,00017 %
natural abundance (Son)
0,000000006 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000006 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.3094
2s1.7208