Litij[um]

Litij[um] (Li)

hemijski element sa simbolom Li i atomskim brojem 3
Atomic Number3
Atomic Weight6.94
Maseni broj7
Group1
Period2
Blocks
Proton3 p+
Neutron4 n0
Elektron3 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Li (Litij[um])

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
145 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
133 pm
Metallic Radius
123 pm
Ionski radijus
59 pm
Crystal Radius
73 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
182 pm
gustoća
0,534 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Litij[um]0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
electron affinity
0,618049 eV/particle
ionization energy
5,391714761 eV/particle
ionization energy of Li (Litij[um])
Toplota isparavanja
148 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
2,89 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
159,3 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 1
Bohrov model atoma: Li (Litij[um])
Valentni elektron1
Lewis structure: Li (Litij[um])
electron configuration[He] 2s1
1s2 2s1
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Li (Litij[um])
Orbital Diagram of Li (Litij[um])
oksidacijsko stanje0, 1
Elektronegativnost
0.98
Electrophilicity Index
0,9457422835847783 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1.615,15 K
Melting Point
453,65 K
critical pressure
67 MPa
Kritična temperatura
3.223,15 K
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Silver
appearancesilvery-white
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
84,8 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,000046 1/K
molar heat capacity
24,86 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
3,582 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Specifična električna provodljivost
11 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000009400000000002 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000256 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000000178 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0000137
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic (BCC)
lattice constant
3,49 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
0,6 MPa
bulk modulus
11 GPa
shear modulus
4,2 GPa
Young's modulus
4,9 GPa
Poisson's ratio
Brzina zvuka
6.000 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryAlkali metals, Alkali metals
CAS GroupIA
IUPAC GroupIA
Glawe Number12
Mendeleev Number1
Pettifor Number12
Geochemical Classalkali metal
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
164,1125 ± 0,0005 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
1.392 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
71
Neutron Mass Absorption
Kvantni brojevi2S1/2
space group229 (Im_3m)

Isotopes of Lithium

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes9
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition795.15%795.15%64.85%64.85%

3Li

Maseni broj3
broj neutrona0
relative atomic mass
3,030775 ± 0,002147 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

4Li

Maseni broj4
broj neutrona1
relative atomic mass
4,027185561 ± 0,000227733 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
91 ± 9 ys
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1965
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

5Li

Maseni broj5
broj neutrona2
relative atomic mass
5,0125378 ± 0,000053677 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
370 ± 30 ys
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1941
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

6Li

Maseni broj6
broj neutrona3
relative atomic mass
6,01512288742 ± 0,00000000155 Da
g-factor
0,822043 ± 0,000003
natural abundance
4,85 ± 1,71
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,000806 ± 0,000006
datum otkrića1921
parity+

7Li

Maseni broj7
broj neutrona4
relative atomic mass
7,01600343426 ± 0,0000000045 Da
g-factor
2,170938 ± 0,000008
natural abundance
95,15 ± 1,71
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,04 ± 0,0003
datum otkrića1921
parity-

8Li

Maseni broj8
broj neutrona5
relative atomic mass
8,022486244 ± 0,00000005 Da
g-factor
0,82675 ± 0,00001
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
838,7 ± 0,3 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,0314 ± 0,0002
datum otkrića1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
βα (β-delayed α emission)100%

9Li

Maseni broj9
broj neutrona6
relative atomic mass
9,026790191 ± 0,0000002 Da
g-factor
2,2911066666667 ± 0,00004
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
178,2 ± 0,4 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,0304 ± 0,0002
datum otkrića1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)50.5%

10Li

Maseni broj10
broj neutrona7
relative atomic mass
10,035483453 ± 0,000013656 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2 ± 0,5 zs
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)100%

11Li

Maseni broj11
broj neutrona8
relative atomic mass
11,043723581 ± 0,00000066 Da
g-factor
2,4474 ± 0,00013333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,75 ± 0,06 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,0333 ± 0,0005
datum otkrića1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)86.3%
2n (2-neutron emission)4.1%
3n (3-neutron emission)1.9%
βα (β-delayed α emission)1.7%
β d (β-delayed deuteron emission)0.013%
β t (β-delayed triton emission)0.0093%

12Li

Maseni broj12
broj neutrona9
relative atomic mass
12,052613942 ± 0,000032213 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2008
parity-

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)

13Li

Maseni broj13
broj neutrona10
relative atomic mass
13,061171503 ± 0,00007515 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,3 ± 1,2 zs
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2008
parity-

decay modeintensity
2n (2-neutron emission)100%
Lithium paraffin

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljJohann Arfwedson
mjesto otkrićaSweden
datum otkrića1817
EtimologijaGreek: lithos (stone).
pronunciationLITH-i-em (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (okean)
0,18 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
0,000003 %
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0,00017 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,000000006 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000006 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.3094
2s1.7208