Litioa

Litioa (Li)

3 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number3
Atomic Weight6.94
masa-zenbaki7
Group1
Period2
Blocks
protoi3 p+
neutroi4 n0
elektroi3 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Li (Litioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
145 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
133 pm
Metallic Radius
123 pm
Erradio ioniko
59 pm
Crystal Radius
73 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
182 pm
dentsitatea
0,534 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Litioa020406080100120140160180200pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
0,618049 eV/particle
ionizazio energia
5,391714761 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Li (Litioa)
Irakite-entalpia
148 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
2,89 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
159,3 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 1
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Li (Litioa)
balentzia-elektroi1
Lewis egitura: Li (Litioa)
electron configuration[He] 2s1
1s2 2s1
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Li (Litioa)
Orbital Diagram of Li (Litioa)
Oxidazio-egoera0, 1
Elektronegatibotasun
0.98
Electrophilicity Index
0,9457422835847783 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
1.615,15 K
Melting Point
453,65 K
critical pressure
67 MPa
critical temperature
3.223,15 K
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Silver
appearancesilvery-white
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
84,8 W/(m K)
Bero-dilatazio
0,000046 1/K
molar heat capacity
24,86 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
3,582 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
11 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,00000009400000000002 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
typeparamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
0,0000000256 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
0,000000000178 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
0,0000137
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic (BCC)
lattice constant
3,49 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
0,6 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
11 GPa
Zizaila modulua
4,2 GPa
Youngen modulu
4,9 GPa
Poissonen modulu
Soinuaren lastertasun
6.000 m/s
classification
CategoryAlkali metals, Alkali metals
CAS GroupIA
IUPAC GroupIA
Glawe Number12
Mendeleev Number1
Pettifor Number12
Geochemical Classalkali metal
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
164,1125 ± 0,0005 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
1.392 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
71
Neutron Mass Absorption
zenbaki kuantiko2S1/2
talde espazial229 (Im_3m)

Isotopes of Lithium

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes9
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition795.15%795.15%64.85%64.85%

3Li

masa-zenbaki3
neutron number0
atomo-masa erlatibo
3,030775 ± 0,002147 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

4Li

masa-zenbaki4
neutron number1
atomo-masa erlatibo
4,027185561 ± 0,000227733 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
91 ± 9 ys
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1965
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

5Li

masa-zenbaki5
neutron number2
atomo-masa erlatibo
5,0125378 ± 0,000053677 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
370 ± 30 ys
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1941
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

6Li

masa-zenbaki6
neutron number3
atomo-masa erlatibo
6,01512288742 ± 0,00000000155 Da
g-factor
0,822043 ± 0,000003
natural abundance
4,85 ± 1,71
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,000806 ± 0,000006
aurkikuntza-data1921
parity+

7Li

masa-zenbaki7
neutron number4
atomo-masa erlatibo
7,01600343426 ± 0,0000000045 Da
g-factor
2,170938 ± 0,000008
natural abundance
95,15 ± 1,71
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,04 ± 0,0003
aurkikuntza-data1921
parity-

8Li

masa-zenbaki8
neutron number5
atomo-masa erlatibo
8,022486244 ± 0,00000005 Da
g-factor
0,82675 ± 0,00001
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
838,7 ± 0,3 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,0314 ± 0,0002
aurkikuntza-data1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
βα (β-delayed α emission)100%

9Li

masa-zenbaki9
neutron number6
atomo-masa erlatibo
9,026790191 ± 0,0000002 Da
g-factor
2,2911066666667 ± 0,00004
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
178,2 ± 0,4 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,0304 ± 0,0002
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)50.5%

10Li

masa-zenbaki10
neutron number7
atomo-masa erlatibo
10,035483453 ± 0,000013656 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2 ± 0,5 zs
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)100%

11Li

masa-zenbaki11
neutron number8
atomo-masa erlatibo
11,043723581 ± 0,00000066 Da
g-factor
2,4474 ± 0,00013333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,75 ± 0,06 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,0333 ± 0,0005
aurkikuntza-data1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)86.3%
2n (2-neutron emission)4.1%
3n (3-neutron emission)1.9%
βα (β-delayed α emission)1.7%
β d (β-delayed deuteron emission)0.013%
β t (β-delayed triton emission)0.0093%

12Li

masa-zenbaki12
neutron number9
atomo-masa erlatibo
12,052613942 ± 0,000032213 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2008
parity-

decay modeintensity
n (neutron emission)

13Li

masa-zenbaki13
neutron number10
atomo-masa erlatibo
13,061171503 ± 0,00007515 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,3 ± 1,2 zs
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2008
parity-

decay modeintensity
2n (2-neutron emission)100%
Lithium paraffin

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaJohann Arfwedson
aurkikuntzaren lekuaSweden
aurkikuntza-data1817
etimologiaGreek: lithos (stone).
pronunciationLITH-i-em (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,18 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
0,000003 %
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,00017 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,000000006 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000006 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.3094
2s1.7208